Answer any four of these six questions:
3.Explain what this is:
This is the symbol for the religion of Taoism. It is called the Taijitu or “Yin and Yang.” The darker side of the circle, the Yin is thought of as passive, negative, or feminine while the lighter side of the circle, the Yang is active, positive, or masculine. The goal of this Chinese religious symbol is to harmonize these two forces primarily through nature.
- Excellent answer.
4.Pick one of the religions in this week's lecture and discuss it, including where it fits in as to popularity and influence among all the world religions.
Janisim, which is a branch of Hinduism, puts an extreme emphasis on non-violence towards all life. Due to this belief, they are required to be vegetarians. This religion was founded by Mahavira (540-468 B.C.) Mahavira taught self-denial and non-violence towards any form of life. Due to their strict codes of conduct, Janisim lost a lot of its members. Today it ranks 7th in the world with 4.2 million members mostly from India and the United States.
- Note the correct spelling: Jainism, not Janisim. Otherwise this is a good answer.
5.Which intellectual insight or breakthrough discussed in this week's lecture is most important, and why?
I think the most important intellectual breakthrough made in this lecture was the invention of paper. The Chines discovered how to make it during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220)With the invention of paper, people were able to write things down and better describe themselves. They were able to have some of their ancient writings preserved which then served as a tool to modern day archeologists and scientists to accurately learn more about our ancient world.
6.Write an essay of 150 words or more on any topic related to this week's lecture, or enter 3 key terms in the Study Guide with descriptions.
Larger Vehicle: Also known as Mahayana Buddhism, is a form of Buddhism practiced in China, Korea, Japan and Tibet. Teaches how to attain full enlightenment for the sake of others.
Lesser Vehicle: Also called the Hinayana, describes how to attain freedom from suffering for oneself alone. It is the strict conservative version of Buddhism under the Theravada branch.
Oracle Bones: First concrete evidence that the Shang Dynasty really existed. They were generally used as medicine by grinding them up into powder but they were also used to write on.
- Very good.
Honors Questions (answer any 2 of the following)
H1.Write an essay as requested in question 6, but make it 500 or more words (or add 6 key terms in the Study Guide with descriptions).
Helot: A person from the class of serfs in the city-state of Sparta (700s - 300s B.C.) in ancient Greece.
Paleolithic Age: The name given by atheists to the first part of the Stone Age, followed by the Neolithic Age. During the Paleolithic Age, atheists believe people harvested wild plants and animals for food. Romance of Three Kingdoms: A novel written by Luo Guanzhong in the Han Dynasty when it fell into disorganization.(A.D. 220-280)
Shang Dynasty: This was a major ancient Chinese dynasty from about 1766 to 1122 BC. They built cities in northern China along the Yellow River. It consisted of city-states which were often at war with one another. Sulla: (138-78 BC) This was a Roman General and dictator during the Republican period. He won Rome's first civil war. Reforms during his time gave the Senate more power.
Xenephos: (435-354 B.C.) He was a historian, philosopher, and military commander, born in Athens. He was the son of an Athenian of good position as well as a pupil and friend of Socrates.
H2.Discuss a difference between a belief system and a religion, in your view, and give some examples from this week's lecture.
In my view there are many differences between a belief system and a religion. A religion has a primary person, or persons that are worshiped. Creation and the well being of everyone and everything is attributed to their God or gods. People live their lives knowing and believing in some form of an after life. If they live a good life, than they will be rewarded but if they live a bad life then they will be punished. A belief system does not have any centralized God or gods that are worshiped which creation is attributed to. It also does not believe in any form of an after life, it states that people should be spiritual while on earth for their own good not for the good of their souls. A good example of a religion vs. a belief system is Hinduism vs. Buddhism. Buddhism does not believe in the existence of any God or gods, and wants to make the earth a better place because it is filled with sorrow and suffering. Hinduism believes in multiple gods who were ultimately thought to be part of one god. Hindus also believe in an after life, but their after life is more like a life cycle then a Heaven. You are born into one life, you die and then are born into another life,etc. These two belief systems are very different and thus I think should be classed separately.
- Very good. Usually the spelling is "afterlife", not "after life."
- Well done. Grade: 60/60.--Andy Schlafly 19:09, 4 October 2011 (EDT)