World History Homework Twelve Answers - Student 6
1.List, by order of influence, who you think were the most influential persons in all of world history.
The most influential person in all of world history in my opinion was Jesus Christ. He was the head of Christianity and started a Religion in about AD 25 that changed the world for the better. The second most influential person was Martin Luther. Luther a German Monk broke away from the Catholic Church and started his own denominational church in 1520. This act of disobedience by Luther can be traced up to the present. It is why we have so many different denominations of Christians today. The third most influential person would have to be Alexander the Great. Alexander united the Greek nation and spread the Greek language and culture in 331 B.C. This act later tremendously helped in the spread of Christianity. The fourth person who was extremely influential was Aristotle. He was the greatest philosopher of all time. He advanced the idea that experience is the best method of learning. The fifth most influential person in world history was Hippocrates who was the father of medicine. He issued the Hippocratic Oath which was used universally by medical students.
- Superb list - perhaps the best in the class. It's difficult to disagree with the inclusion of any of those persons on a "most influential" list, although some obviously would defend rather than criticize Luther.
2.List, by order of influence, what you think were the five most influential “breakthroughs” or ideas in all of world history.
I think that the most influential idea in all of world history is Christianity. Christianity is the only religion that universally effects everyone for the better. Its message of love and hope help promote peace and justice in the world. I think that the second most influential breakthrough of all of world history was the invention of the alphabet by the Phoenicians. Without the alphabet, non of the other concepts of history would have been able to have been portrayed in an easy to understand manner. The third most influential idea is Islam. This religion ranks second in the world to that of Christianity but it has a much different effect on society. Islam promotes hatred and everything contrary to Christianity. The fourth most influential concept was the first form of democratic government set forth by the people of Athens Greece. This idea later led to the development of democratic governments throughout the entire world. The fifth most influential idea was that of evolution and survival of the fittest. These ideas were the ultimate cause of all most all of the wars during the 20th century.
- Excellent analysis with a particularly good conclusion.
3.Compare and Contrast World War II to World War I, focusing on their causes and effects rather than specific battles.
World War I was the cause of an increase in nationalism which ignited something inside the German people. World War II was the cause of unjust treatment of the German people after World War I. The First World War had no real purpose and ended in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of men and very constricting rules were placed on the Germans that were unrealistic. Due to the constricting rules, Germany wanted to regain their power and dominance in the world causing WWII. Overall, both wars were absolutely horrible and caused the deaths of thousands of people.
- They caused the deaths of millions, not merely thousands, of people. Also, instead of saying "was the cause" in the first two sentences, your answer should say "was caused by." (Minus 1).
6.Describe the role played by cryptology in World War II, including discussion of the “Enigma”.
In WWII the world was much more developed in the sense of new technology. One of the advancements that became highly useful during WWII was the method of encrypting secret messages to be sent to allied forces. These encrypted messages were about troop advancements and planned attacks. One of the devices used to encrypt messages used by the Germans was called the Enigma. This machine was a portable device that had a 26 letter keyboard. In order to correctly receive the message on must have their machine set up the same way as the first. In WWII a Polish man named Marian Rejewski cracked the German code and shared it with the allies. This was one of the most ingenious events of WWII because after cracking the enigma, the allies were able to stay one step ahead of the axis powers.
- Excellent answer, except that Rejewski cracked the German code prior to WW II (in the 1930s). But that's a minor detail.
7.Does history repeat itself? Explain, with some examples.
Yes I believe that history does indeed repeat itself. An example of this can be found by examining two great leaders, Alexander the Great and Napoleon. In 327 B.C. Alexander the Great had conquered most of the world. However, when Alexander and is men invaded India, they were not able to keep it. Alexander wanted to press on, but his men refused. Thus one of the greatest military leaders of all time was unable to conquer India. A similar situation occurred in 1812 when Napoleon and his troops tried to invade Russia. Napoleon was never able to conquer Russia due to the extremely frigid temperatures and the resilience of the Russian people. Therefore, two great military leaders who lived hundreds of years apart both met their match in a very similar way thus repeating history.
- Right. That's a good example.
9.Who was right, President Truman of General Douglas MacArthur? Explain.
I think that General Douglas MacArthur was correct in his thinking of winning the Korean War. If President Truman would have allowed General MacArthur to continue to fight and wipe out the North Korean forces, then I think that we could have won the war against communism in Korea. Due to President Truman, Korea is still divided between communism and freedom today. This is a classic example of doing whats right no matter how hard it is to do it. If you don’t do whats right because you are afraid to do it, then the problem will never get resolved or it will eventually turn into an even bigger problem.
- Excellent answer again. (Note: the correct punctuation is what's, not whats)
10.Discuss any issue or controversy related to World War II.
In the United States during WWII, there were bad feelings of distrust towards American citizens of Japanese decent. In response to the attacks on pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt ordered the internment of Japanese Americans. Their property was confiscated. If the Japanese Americans owned shops they were also forced to close them down and hand them over to the Government. I do not think that our country should have done that to the Japanese people. Our country is the land of the free and the home of the brave and it has always been proud of that. Just because there were Japanese people living in America did not mean that they were spy’s and loyal to their country of origin. People are created as individuals and should be treated as such regardless of their race or nationality.
- Superb final answer to the course! (Note: "Japanese descent," not "Japanese decent")
- Grade: 69/70. Very good work, among the best in the class.