|City:||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Sports:||baseball, basketball, crew-heavy, crew-light, cross country, fencing, field hockey, football, golf, gym, ice hockey, lacrosse, sailing, soccer, softball, squash, swimming, track, tennis, volleyball|
|Mascot:||Handsome Dan (bulldog)|
Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, is the third oldest university in the United States (after Harvard and William and Mary). Its endowment of $16 billion is second to Harvard overall (although Princeton has more per student).
There are numerous components, including the undergraduate Yale College and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, as well as world famous professional schools of Law, Medicine, Architecture, Art, Divinity, Drama, Engineering & Applied Science, Forestry & Environmental Studies. Management, Music, and Public Health, along with many research centers.
Yale was heavily oriented toward undergraduates until 1919, when under President Arthur Hadley (1899-1921) and James Angell (1921-37) it moved rapidly to become a full-scale university. It isolated the undergraduates into separate residential "colleges" taught primarily by a separate faculty, while the big-name professors concentrated on research and gradate-level professional training.
Yale College was founded in 1701 to train ministers; after the Civil War it became the first university in the United States to award a Ph. D. degree. The University was given its name to honor benefactor Elihu Yale, who donated a substantial amount of goods for sale and books during the early years of the institution, which was then named the Collegiate School. It is a member of the Ivy League, and, with Harvard and Princeton, part of the group known as the Big Three or HYP, which are associated both with academic excellence and with social prestige.
The College is also known for its system of twelve residential colleges, as opposed to dormitories. Students are randomly selected for their residential college before their freshman year, and remain in their residential college for the remainder of their time at Yale. Six of the colleges, including Branford, Saybrook, Jonathan Edwards, Berkeley, Calhoun, and Trumbull, serve as excellent examples of the Collegiate Gothic style of architecture, whereas Davenport, Pierson, Timothy Dwight, and Silliman are Georgian. These first ten were designed by James Gamble Rogers, while Morse and Stiles colleges are renowned examples of Eero Saarinen's modern style. Although they are intended to be covered in ivy, the concrete-stone amalgam used in their construction repels the vines.
Yale alumni among U. S. Presidents include both George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush (Yale College), as well as William Howard Taft (Yale College), Gerald R. Ford (Yale Law School), and Bill Clinton (Yale Law School). Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton attended Yale Law at the same time as her husband-to-be.
A survey of alumni in 2009 indicated that 53% are Democrats, 25% Republicans, and 19% independents.
Yale has a highly competitive undergraduate program, recently admitting as few as 9% of its applicants. The highly prestigious medical and law schools are even harder to get into.
Students and alumni were once called "Elis" (after Elihu Yale); they are now "Yalies".
Notes and references
- Colleges and Universities attended by the Presidents.
- Christian Examiner, Sept. 2007, Vol 25, No 9, Pg. 12