Difference between revisions of "Yalta conference"

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[[Image:Bigthree.jpg|right|thumb|The "Big Three" at Yalta]]
 
[[Image:Bigthree.jpg|right|thumb|The "Big Three" at Yalta]]
 
The '''Yalta Conference''' was the meeting in [[February]] of 1945, the last year of [[World War II]], between [[President]] [[Franklin Roosevelt]], [[Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|Soviet]] Premier [[Joseph Stalin]] and [[Great Britain|British]] [[Prime Minister]] [[Winston Churchill]] (the big three) at [[Yalta]] on the [[Crimea]]n Peninsula in the USSR.  The conference was held at the Livadia Palace, a former summer home of the [[Tsar|Tsars]] in the Crimea. It opened [[February]] 4, 1945. the chief questions were (1) the adoption of the [[Dumbarton Oaks]] plan for the United Nations, (2) the conditions of the approaching German surrender, (3) the treatment of Poland and the other liberated countries. It was during this conference that Roosevelt saw a significant decrease in his health.  Upon his return to the [[United States]], he soon became very ill and died in April.
 
The '''Yalta Conference''' was the meeting in [[February]] of 1945, the last year of [[World War II]], between [[President]] [[Franklin Roosevelt]], [[Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|Soviet]] Premier [[Joseph Stalin]] and [[Great Britain|British]] [[Prime Minister]] [[Winston Churchill]] (the big three) at [[Yalta]] on the [[Crimea]]n Peninsula in the USSR.  The conference was held at the Livadia Palace, a former summer home of the [[Tsar|Tsars]] in the Crimea. It opened [[February]] 4, 1945. the chief questions were (1) the adoption of the [[Dumbarton Oaks]] plan for the United Nations, (2) the conditions of the approaching German surrender, (3) the treatment of Poland and the other liberated countries. It was during this conference that Roosevelt saw a significant decrease in his health.  Upon his return to the [[United States]], he soon became very ill and died in April.
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The United Nations plan, which had been agreed to in principle by Russia long before, was no longer an issue. There was the question of voting to be settled and this was done without any difficulty by agreeing in full to Russia's desires. The formal proposal to hand over eastern Poland ¬ east of the Curzon line was made by Roosevelt himself.<ref> James F. Byrnes, Speaking Frankly, New York: Harper & Bros., 1947, p. 29.</ref>  In western Poland, Stalin already had a government there representing no one but Stalin. FDR agreed, however, that this provisional government should be "reorganized" to include "democratic leaders from Poles abroad."  Stalin agreed to hold an election, which he said "he could do in a month." The election was not held for 23 months and Poland ended with nothing but Communists in the government of a country where they did not represent 10 per cent of the people, while the other elements fled Poland for their lives. To compensate Poland it was agreed to give Poland a part of East Prussia, a totally German land.
  
 
The main agreement of the conference regarded the decision for an unconditional surrender of the [[Nazi]]s.  They agreed to divide [[Germany]] into four occupation zones, with [[Berlin]] itself further divided into zones.  They also agreed that free elections would be held in Soviet controlled Eastern [[Europe]], but Stalin never had any intention of fulfilling this promise.  The USSR also agreed to take part in the war against [[Japan]], though they played a negligible role.   
 
The main agreement of the conference regarded the decision for an unconditional surrender of the [[Nazi]]s.  They agreed to divide [[Germany]] into four occupation zones, with [[Berlin]] itself further divided into zones.  They also agreed that free elections would be held in Soviet controlled Eastern [[Europe]], but Stalin never had any intention of fulfilling this promise.  The USSR also agreed to take part in the war against [[Japan]], though they played a negligible role.   
  
It was also decided that the [[League of Nations]] would be replaced, as it was a failure.  Later that year, the [[United Nations]] was formed as a result of this agreement.  Stalin also agreed to participate in the new United Nations.
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==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==

Revision as of 14:19, 2 August 2007

The "Big Three" at Yalta

The Yalta Conference was the meeting in February of 1945, the last year of World War II, between President Franklin Roosevelt, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (the big three) at Yalta on the Crimean Peninsula in the USSR. The conference was held at the Livadia Palace, a former summer home of the Tsars in the Crimea. It opened February 4, 1945. the chief questions were (1) the adoption of the Dumbarton Oaks plan for the United Nations, (2) the conditions of the approaching German surrender, (3) the treatment of Poland and the other liberated countries. It was during this conference that Roosevelt saw a significant decrease in his health. Upon his return to the United States, he soon became very ill and died in April.

The United Nations plan, which had been agreed to in principle by Russia long before, was no longer an issue. There was the question of voting to be settled and this was done without any difficulty by agreeing in full to Russia's desires. The formal proposal to hand over eastern Poland ¬ east of the Curzon line was made by Roosevelt himself.[1] In western Poland, Stalin already had a government there representing no one but Stalin. FDR agreed, however, that this provisional government should be "reorganized" to include "democratic leaders from Poles abroad." Stalin agreed to hold an election, which he said "he could do in a month." The election was not held for 23 months and Poland ended with nothing but Communists in the government of a country where they did not represent 10 per cent of the people, while the other elements fled Poland for their lives. To compensate Poland it was agreed to give Poland a part of East Prussia, a totally German land.

The main agreement of the conference regarded the decision for an unconditional surrender of the Nazis. They agreed to divide Germany into four occupation zones, with Berlin itself further divided into zones. They also agreed that free elections would be held in Soviet controlled Eastern Europe, but Stalin never had any intention of fulfilling this promise. The USSR also agreed to take part in the war against Japan, though they played a negligible role.


Further reading

  • James F. Byrnes, Speaking Frankly, New York: Harper & Bros., 1947, p. 29.