California Democratic Party v. Jones

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In California Democratic Party v. Jones, 530 U.S. 567 (2000), the U.S. Supreme Court held that a state could not force a political party to allow persons not registered with that party to vote in its primary. In other words, a state could not prevent a political party from having a closed primary that limited voting to members of the party. California had attempted to require open primaries that allowed cross-over voting by persons not registered with the party.

Justice Antonin Scalia wrote the decision for the 7-2 court. Justices John Paul Stevens and Ruth Bader Ginsburg dissented.