Chapman v. Houston Welfare Rights Organization

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In Chapman v. Houston Welfare Rights Organization, 441 U.S. 600, 617 (1979), the U.S. Supreme Court held that:

"One cannot go into court and claim a 'violation of § 1983' -- for § 1983 by itself does not protect anyone against anything."

Instead, there must be another law that grants a substantive right to someone upon which a Section 1983 claim is based.

In this case the Court held that its jurisdiction does not encompass a claim that a state welfare regulation is invalid because it conflicts with the Social Security Act.