Children are young human beings. While there is no specific age cut-off to being considered a child, typically at some point in mid to late adolescence a child comes to be known as a young man or young woman. Many cultures and traditions do have rites of passage that occur at a defined age, after which the person is considered to have full adult status, but this is more symbolic than practical in today's modern world.
Adoring parents will typically refer to their offspring as "their children" even when they are quite old, and perhaps have children of their own.
Grandchildren are one's children's children.
The bible makes it clear that children require teaching, guidance and discipline. Parents should be compassionate (Psalm 103:13) but should also spank their children to correct their behaviour. Proverbs 13:24 is clear that "Whoever spares the rod hates their children, but the one who loves their children is careful to discipline them" while Proverbs 22:25 says that "Folly is bound up in the heart of a child, but the rod of discipline will drive it far away" and Proverbs 23:13 says "Do not withhold discipline from a child; if you punish them with the rod, they will not die."
This biblical view is shared by a majority of American adults and supported by scientific research. Dr James Dobson PhD recommends that spanking should not be parents' only disciplinary tool, but that when a parent does need to correct a child's behaviour, they should spank the child firmly on the buttocks with a switch or a paddle.
- The Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 101.
- https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/americans-opinions-on-spanking-vary-by-party-race-region-and-religion/ Harry Enten, FiveThirtyEight.com, Americans’ Opinions On Spanking Vary By Party, Race, Region And Religion
- https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-005-2340-z Larzelere and Kuhn (2007) Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis
- https://www.dobsonlibrary.com/resource/article/9e6c1b33-b341-4617-aa11-70c9744fdf11 The Dobson Digital Library - Questions and Answers about Corporal Punishment and The Strong Willed Child