Federalist No. 11
Federalist No. 11, authored by Alexander Hamilton under the pen name Publius, is the eleventh of 85 essays. Titled "The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy", Hamilton points out the importance of a federal navy with relation to foreign trade abroad, with a discourse on "active commerce" vs "passive commerce".
It was published on November 24, 1787.
Hamilton writes of the continued "force and fraud" to which the European powers have extended their dominion in various places, and prevented others from engaging in trade. A Navy would be necessary to meet this challenge. European nations were in the habit of simply taking that which they wanted, and the only way for a free nation to stop greedy kings was to meet them with a likewise credible force.