Federalist No. 23
Federalist No. 23, authored by Alexander Hamilton under the pen name Publius, is the twenty third of 85 essays. Titled " The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union", Hamilton argues that the then present confederation suffers from the fatal flaw of not being able to accomplish what it is charged of accomplishing.
It was published on December 18, 1787.
Federalist 23 was highly controversial at the time because the concept of an energetic government was associated with the British crown and other tyrannies then in existence. Just days after Federalist 23 was published, Thomas Jefferson wrote to James Madison, another author of many of the Federalist Papers, that "I own I am not a friend to a very energetic government. It is always oppressive." Additionally, Jefferson referenced the despotism of the French crown as well as in Turkey, the tyranny of Roman Emperors, and even Shays' Rebellion.