Federalist No. 45
Federalist No. 45, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the forty fifth of 85 essays. Titled "The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered", Madison discusses the increasing power of the general government and what danger that may present to the states. He points out that since the states are closer to the people, the states should be doing more than the general government.
It was published on January 26, 1788.
Federalist 45 is noted for Madison's plain declaration that "The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite." The balance of power between various parts of government was a very important topic to Madison, and he writes about that in this paper.