Federalist No. 46
Federalist No. 46, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the forty sixth of 85 essays. Titled "The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared", Madison points out that the states are closer to the people, and are thus more important.
Additionally, Madison discusses at length the militia and the prospect of a national military force.
It was published on January 29, 1788.