Federalist No. 52

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James Madison

Federalist No. 52, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the fifty second of 85 essays. Titled "The House of Representatives", Madison discusses the frequency of elections, the qualifications of the members, and the structure of the House of Representatives.

It was published on February 8, 1788.

Main qualifications

The main qualifications for a member of the house are:

  1. Must be twenty-five years old
  2. Must have been seven years a citizen of the United States
  3. Must, at the time of his election, be an inhabitant of the State he is to represent
  4. Must be in no office under the United States.

In order for the general government to be effectual in preserving and protecting the Liberty of the people, those who would be representatives "should have an immediate dependence on, and an intimate sympathy with, the people", Madison wrote.

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