Federalist No. 53
Federalist No. 53, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the fifty third of 85 essays. Titled "The Same Subject Continued: The House of Representatives", Madison discusses the House of Representatives, particularly election frequency. Some Anti-Federalists wrote that annual elections would be more representative than a longer term. Madison wrote that that annual elections would lead to tyranny.
It was published on February 9, 1788.