Federalist No. 76
The Federalist No. 76, entitled "The Appointing Power of the Executive" was printed in the New York Packet on April 1, 1788. It was written by Alexander Hamilton.
The essay defends the Constitution's requirement for Senate confirmation of certain appointments, rather than having the President appoint officials without confirmation:
To what purpose then require the co-operation of the Senate? I answer, that the necessity of their concurrence would have a powerful, though, in general, a silent operation. It would be an excellent check upon a spirit of favoritism in the President, and would tend greatly to prevent the appointment of unfit characters from State prejudice, from family connection, from personal attachment, or from a view to popularity. In addition to this, it would be an efficacious source of stability in the administration.