Federalist No. 80
Federalist No. 80, authored by Alexander Hamilton under the pen name Publius, is the eightieth of 85 essays. Titled "The Powers of the Judiciary", Hamilton writes about the jurisdiction of the new court system in regards to overruling state laws, enforcing uniformity in interpretation of laws, and jurisdiction over citizens from other countries.
It was published on June 21, 1788.
In this paper, Hamilton outlines the five cases to which the judicial authority of the union extends over the states:
- Those which arise out of the laws of the United States
- Those which concern the execution of the provisions expressly contained in the articles of Union
- Those in which the United States are a party
- Those which involve the peace of the Confederacy, whether they relate to the intercourse between the United States and foreign nations, or to that between the States themselves
- Those which originate on the high seas, and are of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction