Federalist No. 83
Federalist No. 83, authored by Alexander Hamilton under the pen name Publius, is the eighty third of 85 essays. Titled "The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury", Hamilton addresses the difference between silence and abolition, in regard to trial by jury in civil matters. He notes that juries protect the people from out of control government as juries are harder to tamper with than a "standing body of magistrates".
It was published on July 5, 1788.