Federalist No. 85

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Alexander Hamilton

Federalist No. 85, authored by Alexander Hamilton under the pen name Publius, is the eighty fifth and last of 85 essays. Titled "Concluding Remarks," Hamilton makes his final arguments as to why the Constitution should be ratified. The paper is structured around two topics: "the analogy of the proposed government to your own state constitution", and "the additional security which its adoption will afford to republican government, to liberty and to property."

It was published on August 13, 1788.

Because New York had ratified the Constitution on July 26, 1788, and the Federalist Papers were targeted at New York, there was no pointing in continuing them. Hamilton and his co-authors had won. New York ratified by a vote of 30-27, which was the smallest margin of victory of any state convention, showing how essential the Federalist Papers had been.

Amendments

Hamilton continues his discussion about Article V constitutional amendments from the prior essay, arguing that it would be wise to not rush into a flurry of amendments before the Constitution is even established. He quotes from philosopher David Hume in support of his final thoughts.

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