James B. Allen
|James Browning Allen, Sr.|
January 3, 1969 – June 1, 1978
Serving with John Sparkman
|Preceded by||Lister Hill|
|Succeeded by||Maryon Pittman Allen|
17th and 20th
January 15, 1951 – January 17, 1955
|Preceded by||James C. Inzer|
|Succeeded by||William G. Hardwick]]|
January 14, 1963 – January 16, 1967
|Preceded by||Albert Boutwell|
|Succeeded by||Albert Preston Brewer|
Alabama State Senator
Alabama State Representative
for Etowah County
|Born|| December 28, 1912|
Gadsden, Etowah County,
|Died|| June 1, 1978 (aged 65)|
Gulf Shores, Alabama
|Resting place||Forrest Cemetery in Gadsden, Alabama|
|Spouse(s)|| (1) Marjorie Stephens Allen (died 1956)|
(2) Maryon Pittman Mullins Allen (married 1964-1978, his death)
|Children|| From first marriage:|
James Allen, Jr.
|Alma mater|| University of Alabama|
UA School of Law
|Service/branch||United States Navy Reserve|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
James Browning Allen, Sr. (December 28, 1912 – June 1, 1978), was a Democratic United States Senator from his native, Gadsden, Alabama. A conservative, he was at odds with the leadership and most other members of his political party.
Life and career
While serving in the state House of Representative from 1938 to 1942, he resigned his seat to enter active duty in the United States Naval Reserve from 1943 to 1946. After World War II, he again ran for office and was a state senator from 1946 to 1950. He was the 17th and 20th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from 1951 to 1955 and again from 1963 to 1967, under his ally George C. Wallace
In 1968, Allen was elected to succeed the retiring Democratic U.S. Senator Lister Hill of the capital city of Montgomery, who was more liberal than Allen. In the election, Allen polled 638,774 votes (84 percent) against his Republican opponent, Perry Oliver Hooper, Sr. (1925-2016), who received 201,227 (16 percent) and still ran more than 54,000 votes ahead of the Republican national ticket of Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew. . Hooper's namesake son, Perry O. Hooper, Jr., is a former state representative. The senior Hooper later resurfaced politically and served as Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court.
Like his Republican Senate colleague, Jesse Helms of North Carolina, Allen was a master of parliamentary procedure. He was considered to have revived the filibuster rule during his nearly nine years as a senator. Allen was known as one of the most conservative Democrats in the chamber, far more conservative than many of the Moderate Republicans at that time. He was an active opponent of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1978. Allen received one vote for the Republican vice-presidential nomination at the 1976 Republican National Convention.
Allen served in the Senate until his death of a heart attack at the age of sixty-five. He was vacationing at the time of his death in the popular resort community of Gulf Shores, Alabama. He is interred at Forrest Cemetery in Gadsden.
Governor Wallace, under whom Allen served previously as lieutenant governor, appointed Allen's widow, Maryon Pittman Mullins Allen (1925-2018), to succeed him in the Senate. However, Mrs. Allen lost the special Democratic primary to fill the remaining two years of her husband's term to the more liberal Donald Wilbur Stewart (born 1940) of Anniston, a favorite of organized labor. Stewart then defeated former U.S. Representative James Douglas Martin (1918-2017) of Gadsen, who became the nominee after a primary had already been held between George W. Nichols and Elvin McCary, also of Anniston, and a longtime friend of Senator Allen's. For the change in nominees to occur, Nichols, who defeated McCary in the special Republican primary, had to agree to step down from the race.
- James Browning Allen (1912-1978) - Find A Grave Memorial, accessed August 28, 2021.
- Billy Hathorn, "A Dozen Years in the Political Wilderness: The Alabama Republican Party, 1966–1978", Gulf Coast Historical Review, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Spring 1994), p. 30
- "Allen's Widow is Named to Senate," The New York Times, June 9, 1978.
- US Vice President – R Convention. Our Campaigns. Retrieved on August 28, 2021.
- Maryon Pittman Allen (1925-2018) - Find A Grave Memorial, accessed August 28, 2021.
- "A Dozen Years in the Political Wilderness," pp. 36-37.