Natural law and Augustine

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Natural law and Augustine

St. Augustine's “natural law” views it as the result of impressing eternal law onto humans. Augustine describes the eternal law in his book De libero arbitrio voluntatis (On Free Choice of the Will).

In 12 - Augustine of Hippo, from Part II (published online by Cambridge University Press: 21 June 21, 2019) (by Brian Gronewoller, edited by Philip L. Reynolds), Augustine's views of natural law are explained as follows:

... Augustine held that there were at least four species of law: (1) the eternal law, which is God; (2) the natural law, which is a “notion” of the eternal law “impressed” on human beings, and thus an aspect of the innate image of God; (3) the temporal law, wherein particular laws change over time and vary according to circumstance, and which includes what we should call civil or secular law (and Thomas Aquinas will characterize both as “human law” and as “positive law”); (4) divine law: a term that sometimes refers narrowly to the Mosaic law but can also express a broader concept of any laws passed down by God.

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