Roger B. Taney

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Roger Brooke Taney
Former Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
From: March 15, 1836 – October 12, 1864
Nominator Andrew Jackson
Predecessor John Marshall
Successor Salmon Chase
12th United States Secretary of the Treasury
From: September 23, 1833 – June 25, 1834
President Andrew Jackson
Predecessor William Duane
Successor Levi Woodbury
11th Attorney General of the United States
From: July 20, 1831 – November 14, 1833
President Andrew Jackson
Predecessor John Berrien
Successor Benjamin Butler
Acting United States Secretary of War
From: June 18, 1831 – August 1, 1831
President Andrew Jackson
Predecessor John Eaton
Successor Lewis Cass
Party Democrat
Religion Roman Catholic

Roger Brooke Taney was the Fifth Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court (1836-1864) succeeding John Marshall and preceding Salmon P. Chase. A southerner, he was nominated for the Supreme Court by Democratic party president Andrew Jackson.

Chief Justice Taney is most famous for the decision he wrote in Dred Scott v. Sanford, widely recognized to be one of the worst judicial decisions in history. It declared African Americans lacked rights of legal process and citizenship, and it rendered multiple slavery compromises void. This decision inflamed the dispute over slavery and was a significant cause the American Civil War.

Prior to being elevated to the Court, Chief Justice Taney was Jackson's Secretary of the Treasury and Attorney General. A statue of Taney was removed from the grounds of the Maryland State House on August 17, 2017.