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Julia Gillard

381 bytes added, 16:56, 22 July 2016
Spelling/Grammar Check, typos fixed: independant → independent, parlaiment → parliament (2)
{{PM |name='''Julia Eileen Gillard |image= |partner=Tim Mathieson |party=''' is an [[atheist]] Australian Labor Party |dob=29 September |yob=1961 |age={{age|1961|9|29}} |birthplace=Barry, Wales |succ={{Succession |hdg=politician and former [[Prime Minister |start-date=23 June |start-year=2010 |end-date= |end-year= |prev=Kevin Rudd |next= }}{{Succession |hdg=Labor Party leader |start-date=24 June |start-year=2010 |end-date= |end-year= |prev=Kevin Rudd |next= }}}}]] of [[Australia]].
Gillard called a Federal election for 21 August 2010 to try and achieve a mandate in her own right. The election was much closer than expected and almost resulted in a hung parliament. After three weeks of negotiations she was able to form a government with a majority of 2 seats, making her the first elected female Australian Prime Minister.
'''Julia Gillard''' Her government is formed in the House of Representative of the Parliament of Australia as a coalition of seventy-two members of the 27th [[Prime MinisterAustralian Labour Party]] of , one [[AustraliaGreen Party]] member and parliamentary leader three independants (a total of 76 seats), while the opposition is a coalition of the [[Australian Labor Liberal Partyof Australia]](44 seats), having succeeded Liberal-National Queensland (21), the [[Kevin RuddNational Party]] upon his resignation on June 24(7), 2010. She previously served as deputy prime minister one Country Liberal and Minister for Education, Employment and Workplace Relations in Rudd's cabinetone independent.
Gillard called a Federal election 's [[liberal]] Labour Party Government is the most unpopular for 21st August 2010 15 years, largely due to try and achieve a mandate in her own right. The election was much closer than expected and almost resulted in misguided attempt at a hung parlaiment[[carbon]] tax to combat "[[climate change]]". After three weeks of negotiations she was able to form a <ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/8458215/Julia-Gillards-Labor-government with a majority of 2 seats, making her the first elected female Australian Prime Minister-most-unpopular-for-15-years. html</ref>
Her government is formed in On Jun 26th 2013 the House of Representative of the Parliament of Australia ALP caucus voted against Ms Gillard, reinstating Kevin Rudd as a coalition of seventy-two members of the [[Australian Labour Party]], one [[Green Party]] member their leader and three independants (a total of 76 seats), while the opposition is a coalition of the [[Liberal Party of Australia]] (44 seats), Liberaleffectively ending her prime minister-National Queensland (21), the [[National Party]] (7), one Country Liberal and one independantship. Gillard's [[liberal]] Labour Party Government is the most unpopular for 15 years, largely due promised to her misguided attempt at a [[carbon]] tax to combat "[[climate change]]".<ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/8458215/Julia-Gillards-Labor-government-most-unpopular-for-15-yearsretire from politics.html</ref>
==Professional training and public life==
Gillard is a [[lawyer]] by profession, and served as a lawyer for a [[trade union]] before entering politics.
She won the Federal parlamentary parliamentary seat for the Division of Lalor (in south-western suburban [[Melbourne]], [[Victoria]]) on 3 October 1998, and has served (in [[Opposition]]) as:
* Shadow Minister for Population and Immigration: 2001–2003
* Shadow Minister for Health: 2003–06
* Deputy Prime Minister: 2007–10
* Minister for Education, Employment and Workplace Relations
* Prime Minister from 24 June 2010to 27 Jun 2013
===2010 leadership grab===
On 23 June 2010, Prime Minister [[Kevin Rudd]] called a press conference announcing that a leadership ballot of the [[Australian Labor Party]] would occur on the morning of 24 June 2010, with the candidates being himself and Deputy Prime Minister [[Julia Gillard]].<ref>{{cite web|author=By James Grubel, ABC Online News |url=http://uk.ibtimes.com/articles/30275/20100623/australia-pm-rudd-calls-leadership-ballot.htm |title=Australia PM Rudd calls leadership ballot |publisher=Abc.net.au |date=23 June 2010 |accessdate=28 December 2010}}</ref> This followed weeks of speculation that senior members of the ALP were beginning to lose confidence in Rudd and would back Gillard in replacing him if necessary. By the eve of the election, it was obvious that Rudd didn't have enough support to remain ALP leader and Prime Minister. After personal discussions between Gillard and Rudd later in the evening, Gillard returned with an ultimatum. After this late-night meeting, Rudd withdrew his candidacy and resigned as party leader, leaving Gillard to take the leadership unopposed. Gillard was then sworn in as Australia's 27th Prime Minister by Governor-General [[Quentin Bryce]] and became Australia's first female Prime Minister on 24 June 2010, with Treasurer [[Wayne Swan]] being appointed Deputy Prime Minister.<ref>{{cite web|author=By online political correspondent Emma Rodgers |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/06/24/2935500.htm |title=Gillard ousts Rudd in Bloodless coup |publisher=Abc.net.au |date=24 June 2010 |accessdate=30 October 2010}}</ref> This set the scene for fluctuating polling figures and a gradual decline in Gillard's relative popularity compared to both Rudd and the Leader of the Opposition, [[Tony Abbott]].<ref>[http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-02-24/gillard-and-rudd-rivalry-history/3847676 Gillard and Rudd: How it came to this], [[ABC Online]], 24 February 2012</ref>
Gillard portrayed Rudd as “chaotic” and dysfunctional” as Prime Minister and implied that Rudd viewed the ballot process as "an episode of Celebrity Big Brother".<ref>[http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/in-depth/julia-gillard-calls-leadership-vote-as-kevin-rudd-states-his-case-for-a-return-as-pm/story-fnccyr6m-1226279143768 Julia Gillard calls leadership vote as Kevin Rudd states his case for a return as PM], Ben Packham and Lanai Vasek, [[The Australian]], 24 February 2012</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=February 24, 2012 9:23AM |url=http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/debate-about-leadership-not-an-episode-of-celebrity-big-brother-says-prime-minister/story-e6frfku0-1226280224436 |title=Debate about leadership 'not an episode of Celebrity Big Brother', says Prime Minister |publisher=News.com.au |date= |accessdate=2012-02-24}}</ref> Rudd called for "people power" to support his run for the prime ministership, and accused Gillard of betraying him in 2010, calling it a [[coup]], and questioned Gillard's trustworthiness.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17150602 |title=Australia leadership: Rudd and Gillard set for showdown |publisher=Bbc.co.uk |date=2010-06-24 |accessdate=2012-02-24}}</ref>
==Personal Life=2013 leadership spill===Gillard lives On 26 Jun 2013, in response to dissent among the official residence ALP, Ms Gillard again invited other members to offer themselves for the office of the Prime Minister, "The Lodge", with . This time Rudd stood against her partner, Tim Mathieson, a hairdresser by profession. They have lived together since 2006. She had previous relationships with several [[trade union]] officials and a fellow Federal Labor Member reclaimed office and leadership of Parliament. She has never married and has no childrenthe party.
==Personal life==While Prime Minister, Gillard lived in the official residence of the Prime Minister, "The Lodge", with her partner, Tim Mathieson, a hairdresser by profession, and will soon hold another Lodge garage sale for items no longer needed. Gillard and Mathieson have lived together since 2006 but are not married and have no children. She had previous relationships with several [[trade union]] officials and a fellow Federal Labor Member of Parliament. She is expected to fall back on her knitting career after politics. While Gillard was brought up in the Baptist tradition, she now professes to have not [[atheism|no religious belief]]. She is quoted as saying "I think it would be inconceivable for me if I were an American to have turned up at the highest echelon of American politics being an atheist, single, female and childless."<ref>http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/lally-weymouth-interviews-australian-prime-minister-julia-gillard/2013/03/08/9d0035c0-8733-11e2-999e-5f8e0410cb9d_story_2.html</ref>
==References==
<references/>http://www.pm.gov.au/your-pm
 
{{Australian Prime Ministers}}
[[Category:Australian Prime Ministers]]
[[Category:Australian Politicians]]
[[Category:Socialists]]
][[Category:Atheists]][[Category:Former Heads of Government]] 
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{{Australian Prime Ministers}}
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