[[Image:John_Paul_II.jpg|thumb|300px|John Paul II]]
Blessed Pope John Paul II''' ( b. May 18 , 1920, died April 2 , 2005), born Karol Józef Wojtyła , in Wadowice, [[Poland]] succeeded [[John Paul I]] and preceded [[Benedict XVI]]. He held the second longest papacy in modern times, after Pope Pius IX, and was the first non-Italian [[ Pope]] in over 500 years. He became Vicar of Christ (the title given to the pope) in 1978, the year of three popes, and is now known as Blessed John Paul II after being beautified on May 1, 2011. He was fluent in ten languages and would often give his [[homilies ]] in the local language of countries he visited. By using Godly Love, he stood up to the [[Nazi]]s and the [[Communist]]s and overcame them both. His pontificate was successful in keeping a vibrant modern Church in strict accordance with Apostolic traditions. He [[canonized]] more [[saints]] than any other pope. It is widely desired that John Paul II be sainted and have a title of "John Paul the Great."
Life==Karol was born the last of three siblings to father Karol Wojtyła and mother Emilia Kaczorowska. At a young age, he was a known to be gentle and loving to all. His mother died on April 13, 1929 and his older brother, who was a doctor, died of scarlet fever on December 5, 1932.<ref>[http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/ChurchAndMinistry/KarolWojtylaPopeJohnPaulTimeline.aspx Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref> He lived with his father until he entered the Jagiellonian [[University]] in [[Kraków]], [[Poland]]. He was a very good football (soccer) player and his nickname was 'Goalie'. Karol loved the arts and was involved in poetry and drama. In 1939, [[Nazi]] [[Germany]] invaded Poland. His father died on Feb. 18, 1941, when Karol was 21 years old.<ref>[http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/ChurchAndMinistry/KarolWojtylaPopeJohnPaulTimeline.aspx Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref> Occupied Poland was a hard life for Karol but he survived by hiding within the underground movement. He refused any armed struggle, and was intent on keeping his freedoms and the Polish people's dignity alive through arts. He was known to help [[Jewish]] Poles against the wrath of Nazi [[persecution]]. In October 1942, at the age of 22, he entered the underground seminary to study as a priest. In 1945, the Nazis evacuated Poland and Communism through the USSR took over. In 1946, Karol Wojtyla was ordained a [[priest]], became a [[chaplain]] at St. Florians Church in [[Krakow]] in 1949, a professor of social ethics at Krakow's Jagiellonian University 1951 and in 1958, Archbishop of Krakow. <ref>[http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/ChurchAndMinistry/KarolWojtylaPopeJohnPaulTimeline.aspx Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref>
==Election and Pontificate==
The Conclave of Cardinals elected him [[
Pope]] on October 1,1978. As Pope, John Paul II traveled to more places, visited more countries, and traveled more miles than any other previous Pope. He also conducted more public meetings with the faithful, as the total attendance of his Wednesday audiences alone eclipsed 17,600,000 people. Controversially, during his reign, as many new saints were created as had been created in the reigns of all previous popes combined.
22nd October 1996 Pope John Paul II made world headlines with his message<sup>1</sup> delivered to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences . It was entitled ''Magisterium Is Concerned with Question of Evolution for It Involves Conception of Man'' and resulted in headlines in many of the world's newspapers declaring that evolution and creation could coexist. His holiness stated his opinion on evolution that "In fact it is remarkable that this theory has had progressively greater influence on the spirit of researchers, following a series of discoveries in different scholarly disciplines. The convergence in the results of these independent studies—which was neither planned nor sought—constitutes in itself a significant argument in favor of the theory."
Another one of his accomplishments is the establishment of
[[World Youth Day ]]. Also, he wrote 14 [[Encyclicals]], 5 books, and inumerous letters.
9, 2005 John Paul II's successor, [[Pope Benedict XVI]], waived the five year waiting period for beatification .
<sup>1</sup> From the Vatican, 22 October 1996. ''Official translation published in [[L'Osservatore Romano]], "Weekly Edition in English," 30 October 1996.
== Assassination attempts ==
A [[Muslim]] assassin from [[Turkey]], Mehmet Ali Agca, shot Pope John Paul II on May 13, 1981 at
[[St. Peter's Square ]]. In critical condition, he was rushed to Gemelli Hospital with abdominal wounds and severe blood loss. The recovered pope would meet with Mehmet in prison to offer forgiveness. Years later, an [[Italian]] court ruled that the [[Soviets]] were involved in the plot, possibly done for his efforts in [[Poland]]'s Solidarity movement. [[CIA]] reports have [[Warsaw Pact]] nation communist [[Bulgaria]] as a culprit. <ref>[http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=D8G3J3J00&show_article=1 Italian Panel: Soviets Behind Pope Attack] Ap, March 2, 2006</ref>
Due to these attacks, the "Popemobile", a bullet-proof car, was used for Pope John Paul's visit to Great Britain on May 28 through June 2, 1982.<ref>[http://www.cbn.com/spirituallife/ChurchAndMinistry/PopeJohnPaulIITimeline.aspx Pope John Paul II Timeline] </ref>
== Quotes ==
== See also ==
*[http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/index.htm Karol Wojtyla Official Vatican site.]
|John Paul II, Pope]][[Category:Polish People|John Paul II, Pope]]