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Pope John Paul II

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[[Image:John_Paul_II.jpg|thumb|300px|John Paul II]]
'''Blessed Pope Saint John Paul II''' (b. May born 18, May 1920, died d. 2 April 2005; r. 16 October 1978 to 2, April 2005), born '''Karol Józef Wojtyła, ''' in Wadowice, [[Poland]] , was the 264th [[pope]] of the [[Roman Catholic Church|Catholic Church]]. He succeeded [[John Paul I]] and preceded [[Benedict XVI]]. He held the second -longest papacy in modern times, after [[Pope Pius IX]], and was the first non-Italian [[Popepope]] in over 500 400 years(since 1523). He became Vicar of Christ (one of the title given to titles of the pope) in 1978, the year Year of three popesThree Popes, and is now known as Blessed '''Saint John Paul II the Great''' after being beautified canonized on May 1, 201127 April 2014. He was fluent in ten languages and would often give his [[homilies]] in the local language of countries he visited. By using Godly Love, he stood up to the [[Nazi]]s and the [[Communist]]s and overcame them both. His pontificate was successful in keeping a vibrant modern Church in strict accordance with Apostolic traditions. He [[canonized]] more [[saints]] than any other pope. It is widely desired that John Paul II be sainted and have a title of "John Paul the Great."
==Early Lifelife==Karol was born the last of three siblings to father Karol Wojtyła and mother Emilia Kaczorowska. His older sister, Olga, died before he was born. At a young age, he was a known to be gentle and loving to all. His mother died on April 13, 1929 and his older brother, who was a doctor, died of scarlet fever on December 5, 1932.<ref>[ Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref> He lived with his father until he entered the Jagiellonian [[University]] in [[Kraków]], [[Poland]]in 1938. He was a very good football (soccer) player and his nickname was 'Goalie'. Karol loved the arts and was involved in poetry and drama. In 1939, [[Nazi]] [[Germany]] invaded western Poland, starting [[World War II]], with the Soviet invasion also that year from the east. The following year, 1940, Karol started working in a quarry and chemical plant to avoid deportation to Germany as slave labor. His father died on Feb. 18, 1941, when over 3 months before Karol was turned 21 years old.<ref>[ Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref> Occupied Poland was a hard life for Karol but he survived by hiding within the underground movement. He refused any armed struggle, and was intent on keeping his freedoms and the Polish people's dignity alive through arts. He was known to help [[Jewish]] Poles against the wrath of Nazi [[persecution]]. In October 1942, at the age of 22, he entered the underground seminary to study as a priest. In 1945, the Nazis evacuated Poland and Communism through the USSR eventually took over. In 1946, Karol Wojtyla was ordained became a [[priest]], became then sent to Rome for graduate studies and in1948, his first pastoral assignment in Niegowic. In 1949, he was transferred to be a [[chaplain]] at St. Florians Florian's Church in [[Krakow]] in 1949and a student counselor at Jagiellonian University, a professor of social ethics at the university in 1956, auxiliary bishop of Krakow in 1958 and ended the decade by celebrating the first ever [[Mass]] outdoors on Christmas Eve, 1959 in then-newly built and then-churchless Nowa Huta. In the 1960s, he was at the Vatican during [[Vatican II]], became Krakow's Jagiellonian University 1951 [[archbishop]] in 1964 and in 19581967, Archbishop he became a [[Cardinal]]. In 1977, after almost 20 years of Krakowcampaigning for and construction of a church in Nowa Huta, one was completed, the Lord's Ark, which Wojtyla consecrated that May. <ref>[ Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) Timeline]</ref>
==Election and Pontificate==
The Conclave of Cardinals elected him [[Popepope]] on October 116,1978. As Popepope, John Paul II traveled to more places, visited more countries, and traveled more miles than any other previous Popepope. He also conducted more public meetings with the faithful, as the total attendance of his Wednesday audiences alone eclipsed 17,600,000 people. Controversially, during his reign, as many new saints were created canonized as had been created canonized in the reigns of all previous popes combined.
On 22nd 22 October 1996 Pope John Paul II made world headlines with his message<sup>1</sup> delivered to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. It was , entitled ''[[Magisterium ]] Is Concerned with Question of Evolution for It Involves Conception of Man'' and resulted in headlines in many of the world's newspapers declaring that evolution and creation could coexist. His holiness stated his opinion on evolution that "In fact it is remarkable that this theory has had progressively greater influence on the spirit of researchers, following a series of discoveries in different scholarly disciplines. The convergence in the results of these independent studies—which was neither planned nor sought—constitutes in itself a significant argument in favor of the theory."
Another one of his accomplishments is the establishment of [[World Youth Day]]. Also, he wrote 14 [[Encyclicals]]encyclicals, 5 books, and inumerous innumerable letters.
On 9 May 9, 2005 John Paul II's successor, [[Pope Benedict XVI]], waived the five -year waiting period for beatification. Benedict beatified John Paul on 9 May 2011. On 27 April 2014 John Paul was [[canonized]] by [[Pope Francis]]. His feast day is 22 October.
<sup>1</sup> From the Vatican, 22 October 1996. ''Official translation published in [[L'Osservatore Romano]], "Weekly Edition in English," 30 October 1996.
== Assassination attempts ==
A [[Muslim]] assassin from [[Turkey]], Mehmet Ali Agca, shot Pope John Paul II on May 13, 1981 at [[St. Peter's Square]]. In critical condition, he was rushed to Gemelli Hospital with abdominal wounds and severe blood loss. The recovered pope would meet with Mehmet in prison to offer forgiveness. Years later, an [[Italian]] court ruled that the [[Soviets]] were involved in the plot, possibly done for his efforts in [[Poland]]'s Solidarity movement. [[CIA]] reports have [[Warsaw Pact]] nation communist Communist [[Bulgaria]] as a culprit. <ref>[ Italian Panel: Soviets Behind Pope Attack] Ap, March 2, 2006</ref>
An On May 13, 1982, an ultra-conservative Spanish monk named Juan Maria Fernandez y Krohn attacked Pope John Paul II with a bayonet on May 13, 1982 in Fatima, Portugal. At the time, the pope concealed the fact from the public that Fernandez y Krohn had wounded him with the blade. The monk was sentenced to 6-1/2 years in prison for the attack.<ref>[ Pope John Paul II Timeline]</ref><ref>[ Pope John Paul 'Wounded' in 1982]</ref>
Due to these attacks, the "Popemobile", a bullet-proof car, was used for Pope John Paul's visit to Great Britain on May 28 through June 2, 1982.<ref>[ Pope John Paul II Timeline] </ref>
== Quotes ==
"[[Science]] can purify [[religion]] from error and superstition; religion can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes. Each can draw the other into a wider world, a world in which both can flourish.... We need each other to be what we must be, what we are called to be."<ref></ref>
== See also ==
*[ Karol Wojtyla Official Vatican site.]
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