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United Kingdom Independence Party

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{{PoliticalParty | party_name = United Kingdom Independence Party | party_logo = | website = [http://www.ukip.org/ ukip.org] | leader = [[Gerard Batten]] | Parleader = | foundation = September 3, 1993 | ideology = [[Euroskepticism]] | position = [[Conservatism]]<br>[[Libertarianism]]<br>[[Right-wing populist]] | international = none | colors = purple, yellow | footnotes =}}[[File:FarageUKIP campaigning in Newport High Street.jpg|thumb300px|200pxthumb|Prominent UKIP MEPcandidate Stephen West campaigning in Newport, Isle of Wight for Hampshire Police & Crime Commissioner in 2012.]]The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''', also known by the acronym '''UKIP''' (pronounced "you-kip", its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a [[Nigel Farageconservative]]and [[Euroskeptic]] political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, wants to take Britain out of it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European Union]] (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to the surrender of British [[sovereignty]] . The party was dominated by [[Nigel Farage]], who served on-and subject immigration -off as party leader from its creation until 2016. Prior to legal controlsthe 2016 [[Brexit]]referendum, it was also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47,000 members.
The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''==Political influence==UKIP's top goal, also known by of leaving the acronym '''UKIP'''EU, is a was achieved when the British political party. Founded people voted to leave the EU in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European UnionBrexit|a referendum]] held on June 23, 2016.<ref>Armstrong, Paul (EUJuly 15, 2016). Its support[https://www.cnn.com/2016/06/24/europe/eu-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to the surrender of British sovereignty. The current leader of UKIP is referendum-nigel-farage/ Nigel Farage.UKIP is the fastest: Arch-growing British political partyeurosceptic and Brexit 'puppet master']. It currently has 29''CNN''. Retrieved October 4,000 members according to a statement made on the party's facebook page2016.</ref>
In Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage is arguably the 2008 European elections UKIP came second. with 16.5% most successful British politician of the vote modern age for successfully advocating and 13 of then winning a referendum for leaving the UKEU.<ref>[https://www.breitbart.com/big-journalism/2016/06/24/buzzfeed-nigel-farage-britains-successful-politician-generation/ BuzzFeed: Nigel Farage ‘Britain’s Most Successful Politician in a Generation’]. 's 78 seats 'Breitbart''. June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.</ref> He noted in the 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister [[European ParliamentTheresa May]]. In had adopted the Parliamentary election of May 6th 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, exact same political positions as he had a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election votefew years earlier. However<ref>Merrick, owing to the electoral systemRob (May 7, they still did not receive any MPs2017). This makes them the largest unrepresented party in the UK[http://www. UKIP independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/election-latest-nigel-farage-theresa-may-stolen-ukip-policies-brussels-bashing-immigration-a7722346.html Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]stolen all his policies]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved May 7, 2017.</ref>
==Political positions and stances==
[[File:Nigel Farage of UKIP.jpg|thumb|250px|left|Nigel Farage in 2008. Farage successfully supported taking Britain out of the EU, and he supports limiting immigration, small government, and British sovereignty.]]
Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. It now has policies on tax, defence, the health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.
UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who are critical of the centralized and undemocratic structure of the [[EU]]. UKIP has endorsed a British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax and opposes national identity cards. It is sceptical of the more extreme claims of [[AGW ]] and critical of carbon-permits and other [[EU]] environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful.<ref>http://www.ukip.org/page/ukip-manifesto</ref> UKIP opposes laws restricting freedom of speech, including on the internet.<ref>Deacon, Liam (July 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/03/ukip-joins-free-speech-savetheinternet-fight-forces-eu-parliament-vote/ Article 13: UKIP Joins Pro-Free Speech #SaveTheInternet Fight, Forces EU Parliament Vote]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 3, 2018.</ref>
In 2017, UKIP is frequently accused of being a racist party added banning the [[burqa]] and associated with racist parties in the liberal media. However, UKIP membership is open [[Sharia Law]] to all regardless of ethnic origin and in the 2010 election UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minoritiesits agenda. <ref>http://wwwDeacon, Liam (April 23, 2017).manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http[https://www.dailyechobreitbart.co.ukcom/newslondon/politics2017/election_201004/southampton_test23/candidatesukip-promises-to-ban-the-burqa-and-sharia-law/7984351UKIP Promises to Ban the Burqa and Sharia Law].Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport''Breitbart News''.coRetrieved April 24, 2017.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref>
UKIP is frequently accused by the [[establishment]] and leftists of being a "racist" party and is associated with racist parties by the liberal media, such as the [[politically correct]] TV networks (such as the [[BBC]]) and newspapers (such as ''[[The Guardian]]''). Most claims of UKIP being "racist" are defended by pointing to a couple of minor disgraced UKIP councillors or party members – these people have often been expelled from the party. UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 elections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities.<ref>http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref> ==Key people==Reference<ref>http://www.ukip.org/people_key</ref>* Party Leader, Gerard Batten* Deputy Leader, Mike Hookem* Party Chairman, Tony McIntyre* Party Treasurer, Sebastian Fairweather* General Secretary, Paul Oakley ==Incomplete list of election results==In the 2008 European elections, UKIP came second, with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the [[European Parliament]]. In the Parliamentary election of May 6, 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently in support for [[proportional representation]], forging an unlikely alliance with the Green Party of England and Wales (an eco-socialist party) and the [[Liberal Democrats]] (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its policies come from the social democratic – ''i.e.'' [[socialist]] – trend). UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].  In 2013, UKIP achieved a milestone in the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across the UK adding to the 50-60 councillors that were already in place. This has prompted reaction from  The 2014 European Parliament elections were a milestone for UKIP, as the Conservative Partyreceived 27.49% of the vote as well as 24 seats, Labour making it the largest UK party sitting the EU parliament, both in popular votes and Liberal Democrats who believe seats, even larger than the Conservative and Labor parties.<ref>[https://www.bbc.com/news/events/vote2014/eu-uk-results UK European election results]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 8, 2016.</ref> Despite claims that this UKIP was a "protest vote and that " in the European elections due to their avid euroscepticism, UKIP would not go far won 12.9% of the popular vote in the next 2015 General Electionin the United Kingdom. However, due to the inconsistent electoral system in the United Kingdom, they received just 1 seat out of 650. It has less than 500 councillors out of 20,000 and 3 (out of 780) members of the House of Lords. Under a system of [[proportional representation]], UKIP would have 82 seats, instead of just 1.<ref>McKernan, Bethan. [http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/heres-how-the-election-results-would-look-under-a-proportional-voting-system--gJenQmaW2gW Here's how the election results would look under a proportional voting system] ''The Independent''. Published May 2015</ref> The party's support sharply fell after the successful Brexit referendum in 2016, with most of its voters returning to the Conservative Party.<ref>Multiple references:*Deacon, Liam (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/local-elections-ukip-suffers-wipeout-corbyn-labour-stalls/ Local Elections: UKIP Suffers Wipeout as Corbyn’s Labour Stalls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.*Jasper, William F. (May 4, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/28974-uk-elections-brexit-sabotage-ukip-s-collapse UK Elections, Brexit Sabotage, UKIP’s Collapse]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.See also:*Delingpole, James (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/ukip-compares-itself-to-black-death/ Delingpole: The UKIP/Black Death Story Is Classic SJW Dirty Tricks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018. </ref> ==See also==*[[European migrant crisis]]
==Further reading==
* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [httphttps://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search]* Margetts, H. et al. "Latent Support for the Far-Right in British Politics: The BNP and UKIP in the 2004 European and London Elections" (2004) scholarly paper [http://www.ipeg.org.uk/papers/latentsupport210405b.pdf online edition]
==References==
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
[[Category:British Political PartiesUKIP]][[Category:Conservatism]][[Category:Libertarianism]][[Category:Euroskepticism]]
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