Spelling/Grammar Check & Cleanup
'''Meditation''' is a technique for producing an altered state of [[consciousness]]. It usually involves sitting still for a period during which consciousness might be relaxed and focused by means of a word repeated silently in the [[mind]], or by the visualization of an image of some sort. The ''Vipassana'', or [[insight]], meditation practiced by [[Buddhism|Buddhists]] initially stresses observation of what takes place in the mind and body ([[breathing]] and sensations) during meditation.
Meditation - Contemplation==Meditation in the [[Bible]] goes back to the book of [[Genesis]] and appears periodically throughout. Focus is not on a word, but on a thought or concept. An example of a verse on meditation is found in [[Psalms]] 1:2
<blockquote>But his delight is in the law of the Lord,
and on his law he meditates day and night ([[NIV]] version).</blockquote>
[[Christian]] meditation is a form of silent, contemplative [[prayer]] that uses a [[prayer]]-word, which is rooted in the [[gospel]] and the letters of [[St. Paul]], and originated with the early [[desert]] fathers of the fourth century. It is a daily personal [[discipline]], a practice of stillness and [[simplicity]], not a substitute for all the other forms of prayer, but as a center for them.<ref>http://www.houstoncontemplative.org/christian_meditation.htm</ref>
Meditation - Contemplation==
Meditation or [[contemplation]] is the fifth of the "Ten Perfections of the [[Altruism|Altruistic]] Attitude" according to [[Buddhist]] practice:
# '''[[Generosity]]''' ([[Charity]]-[[Philanthropy]]- [[Benevolence]]: "Benefit others more than yourself.")
# '''[[Morality]]''' of the Five Precepts - [[Renunciation]] of [[immorality]] and the [[cause and effect|causes]] of [[suffering]] (the causes are always based in [[immorality]] or [[amoral]] behavior.
# '''[[Patience]]''' (implies [[Forgiveness]] and [[Endurance]])
# '''Joyful [[Perseverance]]''' ([[Persistence]], [[Determination]] and Moral [[Fortitude]] or Moral [[Courage]])
[[Meditation ]]''' ([[Calm]] Abiding or Making the [[mind]] have deeply [[ Kapha|relaxed]] [[ Pitta|focused]] [[ Vata|awareness]] for [[contemplation]] of [[morality]]-[[compassion]]-[[wisdom]])
# '''[[Wisdom]]''' ([[Interdependence]], [[Understanding]] [[Cause and effect]], [[Prudence]], [[Humility]] of "No Self")
# '''Skillful Means''' or Expedient Means (Use the "medicine" according to the particular "disease" and "patient")
# '''Great [[Wisdom]]''' ([[Buddha]]hood)
Depending on the [[sect]] of [[Buddhism]], many [[tradition]]s of Buddhist meditation teach the [[discipline]] of
[[Kapha|relaxed ]] [[Pitta|focused ]] [[contemplation ]] and [[awareness ]] of [[virtue]] through regular daily [[reflection]] on the above Ten Perfections. All forms of Buddhism stress that success in meditation is impossible without first cultivating one's 1. [[Generosity ]], 2. [[Morality ]], 3. [[Patience ]], and 4. Joyful [[Perseverance ]] (requires understanding, awareness and development of [[ Chi]]-[[Prana]].
See Also== * [[ Stress management]] * [[Buddhism]] : [[ Five Precepts]] [[ Morality]] [[ Vow]] s as the Foundation of Meditation * [[Taoism]] - [[ Qi]] * [[ Hinduism]] - [[ Devotion]] Meditation * [[ Yoga]] - [[ Prana]] and [[Pranayama]] Meditation * [[Ayurvedic medicine]]* [[ Martial art]] s such as [[Tai Chi]], [[Kung Fu]] and [[Aikido]] as meditation
* [[Alois P. Swoboda]]
* [[Herbert Benson]]
Martial Arts]] [[Category:Yoga]] [[Category:Ayurvedic Medicine]] [[Category:Traditional Chinese Medicine]] [[Category:Health]] [[Category:Complementary Medicine]]]