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United Kingdom Independence Party

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{{PoliticalParty | party_name = United Kingdom Independence Party | party_logo = | website = [http://www.ukip.org/ ukip.org] | leader = [[Gerard Batten]] | Parleader = | foundation = September 3, 1993 | ideology = [[Euroskepticism]] | position = [[Conservatism]]<br>[[Libertarianism]]<br>[[Right-wing populist]] | international = none | colors = purple, yellow | footnotes =}}[[File:FarageUKIP campaigning in Newport High Street.jpg|300px|thumb|200px|Prominent UKIP MEPcandidate Stephen West campaigning in Newport, Isle of Wight for Hampshire Police & Crime Commissioner in 2012.]]The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''', also known by the acronym '''UKIP''' (pronounced "you-kip", its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a [[Nigel Farageconservative]]and [[Euroskeptic]] political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, wants to take Britain out of it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[EUEuropean Union]] (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and subject immigration libertarian voters who are opposed to stricter legal controlsthe surrender of British [[sovereignty]]. The party was dominated by [[Nigel Farage]], particularly hose coming who served on-and-off as party leader from Eastern Europeits creation until 2016. Prior to the 2016 [[Brexit]]referendum, it was also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47,000 members.
The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''==Political influence==UKIP's top goal, also known by of leaving the acronym '''UKIP''' (pronounced "you-kip"EU, its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a political party in was achieved when the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from people voted to leave the EU in [[European UnionBrexit|a referendum]] held on June 23, 2016.<ref>Armstrong, Paul (EUJuly 15, 2016). Its support[https://www.cnn.com/2016/06/24/europe/eu-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to the surrender of British sovereignty. The current leader of UKIP is referendum-nigel-farage/ Nigel Farage, a traditionalist figure in British politics: Arch-eurosceptic and Brexit 'puppet master']. It is also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47''CNN''. Retrieved October 4,000 members2016.</ref>
In the 2008 European elections Former UKIP came second, with 16.5% leader Nigel Farage is arguably the most successful British politician of the vote modern age for successfully advocating and 13 of then winning a referendum for leaving the UK's 78 seats EU.<ref>[https://www.breitbart.com/big-journalism/2016/06/24/buzzfeed-nigel-farage-britains-successful-politician-generation/ BuzzFeed: Nigel Farage ‘Britain’s Most Successful Politician in the [[European Parliament]a Generation’]. In the Parliamentary election of May 6th 2010''Breitbart''. June 24, UKIP got 32016.1% of the voteRetrieved December 29, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote2016. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently </ref> He noted in support for 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister [[proportional representationTheresa May]], forging an unlikely alliance with had adopted the Green Party of England and Wales exact same political positions as he had a few years earlier.<ref>Merrick, Rob (an eco-socialist partyMay 7, 2017) and the . [[Liberal Democrats]] (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/election-latest-nigel-farage-theresa-may-stolen-ukip-policies come from the social democratic – ''i-brussels-bashing-immigration-a7722346.ehtml Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has stolen all his policies].'' [[socialist]] – trend)The Independent''. UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]]Retrieved May 7, 2017. </ref>
==Political positions and stances==
[[File:Nigel Farage of UKIP.jpg|thumb|250px|left|Nigel Farage in 2008. Farage successfully supported taking Britain out of the EU, and he supports limiting immigration, small government, and British sovereignty.]]
Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. It now has policies on tax, defence, the health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.
UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who are critical of the centralized and undemocratic structure of the [[EU]]. UKIP has endorsed a British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax and opposes national identity cards. It is sceptical of the more extreme claims of [[AGW ]] and critical of carbon-permits and other EU environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful.<ref>http://www.ukip.org/page/ukip-manifesto</ref> UKIP opposes laws restricting freedom of speech, including on the internet.<ref>Deacon, Liam (July 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/03/ukip-joins-free-speech-savetheinternet-fight-forces-eu-parliament-vote/ Article 13: UKIP Joins Pro-Free Speech #SaveTheInternet Fight, Forces EU Parliament Vote]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 3, 2018.</ref>
In 2017, UKIP is frequently accused of being a racist party and associated with racist parties in the liberal media, such as added banning the [[politically correctburqa]] TV networks (such as the [[BBC]]) and newspapers (such as ''[[The GuardianSharia Law]]''). Most claims of UKIP being racist are defended by pointing to a couple of minor disgraced UKIP councillors or party members - these people have often been expelled from the party. UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 elections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minoritiesits agenda.<ref>http://wwwDeacon, Liam (April 23, 2017).manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http[https://www.dailyecho.cobreitbart.ukcom/newslondon/politics2017/election_201004/southampton_test23/candidatesukip-promises-to-ban-the-burqa-and-sharia-law/7984351UKIP Promises to Ban the Burqa and Sharia Law].Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport''Breitbart News''.coRetrieved April 24, 2017.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref>
In 2013, UKIP achieved is frequently accused by the [[establishment]] and leftists of being a milestone in "racist" party and is associated with racist parties by the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across liberal media, such as the UK adding to [[politically correct]] TV networks (such as the 50-60 councillors that were already in place[[BBC]]) and newspapers (such as ''[[The Guardian]]''). Despite Most claims that of UKIP was a being "protest voteracist" in the European elections due are defended by pointing to their avid euroscepticism, a couple of minor disgraced UKIP won 12councillors or party members – these people have often been expelled from the party.9% UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of the popular vote ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 General Election in the United Kingdomelections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities. <ref>http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref>
==Key people==Reference<ref>http://www.ukip.org/people_key</ref>* Party Leader, Gerard Batten* Deputy Leader, Mike Hookem* Party Chairman, Tony McIntyre* Party Treasurer, Sebastian Fairweather* General Secretary, Paul Oakley ==Incomplete list of election results==In the 2008 European elections, UKIP came second, with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the [[European Parliament]]. In the Parliamentary election of May 6, 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently in support for [[proportional representation]], forging an unlikely alliance with the Green Party of England and Wales (an eco-socialist party) and the [[Liberal Democrats]] (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its policies come from the social democratic – ''i.e.'' [[socialist]] – trend). UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].  In 2013, UKIP achieved a milestone in the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across the UK adding to the 50-60 councillors that were already in place. The 2014 European Parliament elections were a milestone for UKIP, as the received 27.49% of the vote as well as 24 seats, making it the largest UK party sitting the EU parliament, both in popular votes and seats, even larger than the Conservative and Labor parties.<ref>[https://www.bbc.com/news/events/vote2014/eu-uk-results UK European election results]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 8, 2016.</ref> Despite claims that UKIP was a "protest vote" in the European elections due to their avid euroscepticism, UKIP won 12.9% of the popular vote in the 2015 General Election in the United Kingdom. However, due to the inconsistent electoral system in the United Kingdom, they received just 1 seat out of 650. It has less than 500 councillors out of 20,000 and 3 (out of 780) members of the House of Lords. Under a system of [[proportional representation]], UKIP would have 82 seats, instead of just 1.<ref>McKernan, Bethan. [http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/heres-how-the-election-results-would-look-under-a-proportional-voting-system--gJenQmaW2gW Here's how the election results would look under a proportional voting system] ''The Independent''. Published May 2015</ref> The party's support sharply fell after the successful Brexit referendum in 2016, with most of its voters returning to the Conservative Party.<ref>Multiple references:*Deacon, Liam (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/local-elections-ukip-suffers-wipeout-corbyn-labour-stalls/ Local Elections: UKIP Suffers Wipeout as Corbyn’s Labour Stalls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.*Jasper, William F. (May 4, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/28974-uk-elections-brexit-sabotage-ukip-s-collapse UK Elections, Brexit Sabotage, UKIP’s Collapse]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.See also:*Delingpole, James (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/ukip-compares-itself-to-black-death/ Delingpole: The UKIP/Black Death Story Is Classic SJW Dirty Tricks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref> ==See also==*[[European migrant crisis]]
==Further reading==
* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [httphttps://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search]
==References==
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
[[Category:British Political PartiesUKIP]][[Category:Conservatism]][[Category:Libertarianism]][[Category:Euroskepticism]]
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