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378 bytes added, 16:03, 18 July 2016
/* Use in the United States */Spelling/Grammar Check, typos fixed: 1910's → 1910s (5)
An ancient [[Etruscans|Etruscan]] symbol, the '''fasces''' was a group of twelve birch rods bundled together with an axe. It symbolizes strength in unity; the rods are weak by themselves but strong when bundled together (the number of the rods - twelve - representing the twelve Etruscan cities). The axe represents the power over life and death that the holder bears. The Romans adopted the same symbol after the [[Etruscans]], and used it as a symbol of the division of political authority. Except when a [[dictator]] ruled in the [[Roman Republic]], no one man carried the ''fasces'' - rather, each [[Consul]] carried one. Generally, the ''fasces'' were paraded by an officer's [[lictor|lictors]]s.
Although the symbol was adopted by the [[Fascists]], it does not in itself signify fascism. Rather, as a result of the use of the symbol in the [[Roman Republic]], it stands for the equitable division of the power of government, to prevent abuse and encourage responsible leadership.
==Use in the United States==
[[File:Liberty Bell Pedastal.jpg|thumb|125px|right|The [[Liberty Bell]] with fasces and [[Liberty Cap]]s, first used in 1855.<ref>[ The Liberty Bell]</ref>]]
In the United States House of Representatives, a fasces symbol appears on each side of the American flag, and old U. S. dimes, with a picture of the god Mercury on the front, have a design including a fasces on the back.
Even though Fascism was developed in Europe in the 1910's 1910s and came to power in the 1920's1920s, the ideology did not become popular until the 1930's1930s. Conspiracy theorists with an anti-American belief system have pointed to architecture or art with the Fasces in it dating back to the 1700's 1700s or 1800's as proof of Fascism in America.<ref>[ Fas, Fasces, and Fascism]</ref><ref>[ Why The Outrage Now? Nobody Cares About Fascist Symbols In The House Of Representatives]</ref><ref>[ Who Really Controls America’s Government?]</ref> Examples include the [[Lincoln Memorial]], the [[Statue of Freedom]], the Liberty Bell, and a statue of George Washington.
First envisioned in the mid-1800's1800s, the Lincoln Memorial design was completed by the Lincoln Memorial Committee in 1911.<ref>[ Evolution of Lincoln Memorial]</ref> Another is the Statue of Freedom, which was completed in 1863.<ref>[ The Statue of Freedom]</ref> Finally, The George Washington Statue by Jean-Antoine Houdon, was completed somewhere between the years of 1788-18921792.<ref>[ Houdon, George Washington]</ref><ref>[ About the Capitol - Middle School], Houdon Statue</ref>
[[Category:Roman History]]
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