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Horace Mann

617 bytes added, 02:59, 16 November 2018
"Men are cast-iron; but children are wax."
[[Image:Mann by Eugene Perry.jpg|thumb|right|180px|Horace Mann]]
'''Horace Mann''' (May 4, 1796 - August 2, 1859) was an early activist toward state control of the school systems. He is generally regarded as the "Father of the [[Common School]] Movement".<ref>{{cite book|url=|last1=Roger|first1=Roger L.|title=Origins of Federal Support for Higher Education: George W. Atherton and the Land-Grant College Movement|date=2010|publisher=Penn State Press|isbn=978-0271028293}}</ref>
==Early life==
In 1848 Horace Mann was elected to Congress to fill the unexpired vacancy caused by the death of John Quincy Adams. Four years later he became president of Antioch College, at Yellow Springs, in Ohio, and here he died on the second day of August in the year 1859, at the age of sixty three.<ref>[ Presbyterian Banner, Volume 89]</ref>
In 1865, a statue was dedicated to Horace Mann, opposite a statue of [[Daniel Webster]].<ref>[http A Statue of Horace Mann Regatta on the Charles River], [[The New York Times]]</ref> According to [[John Dewey]], Mann is a "patron saint of progressive education".<ref>[ John Dewey, The Later Works, 1925-1953, Volume 11]</ref>
* "We, then, who are engaged in the sacred cause of education, are entitled to look upon all parents as having given hostages to our cause; and, just as soon as we can make them see the true relation in which they and their children stand to this cause, they will become advocates for its advancement, more ardent and devoted than ourselves." <ref>{{cite book|url=|last1=Mann|first1=Horace|title=Lectures and Annual Reports on Education|date=1867}}</ref>
* "The State is a nourishing mother, as wise as she is beneficent, and happily as few ungrateful children." <ref>{{cite book|url=|title=Annual Report of the Board of Education, Volume 19|date=1856}}</ref>
* "Having found the present generation composed of materials almost unmalleable, I am about transferring my efforts to the next. Men are cast-iron; but children are wax. Strength expended upon the latter may be effectual, which would make no impression upon the former."<ref>[ Life of Horace Mann], By Mary Tyler Peabody Mann</ref>
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