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Silent majority

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/* Outcome */
A '''silent majority''' is a large amount of people who, as the term implies, constitute a [[majority]] or large amount of the population on a certain issue or issues, but have not openly expressed their opinions. This causes the opposing side to appear numerically larger, but the silent majority can often be seen on election days.
In [[United States]] history, the term has been closely associated with the Nixon Administration. Nixon was a middle-of-the-road politician who reached out to [[China]] as a counterbalance to the Soviet Union and established the [[Environmental Protection Agency]]. He positioned himself to the left of principled conservatives such as [[Barry Goldwater]] and [[Ronald Reagan]]. The "silent majority" sought to appeal to working-class voters, particularly those in the south who were upset by the Civil Rights legislation adopted in the 1960s under [[Lyndon Johnson]]. The silent majority has usually consisted of law-abiding [[conservatives]], fed up or unpersuaded by the vocal [[left-wing]] minority. Rather than holding major [[protest]]s, oftentimes disruptive or violent in the case of the left-wingers, they let their views be known through the ballot box.
==Origin of the term==
The term "silent majority" first originated under [[Republican Party|Republican]] U.S. president [[Richard Nixon]].Although it was Nixon who first used the phrase, it was his speechwriter, [[Pat Buchanan]], who actually created it.<ref>Alberta, Tim (2017). [https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/04/22/pat-buchanan-trump-president-history-profile-215042 ‘The Ideas Made It, But I Didn’t’]. ''Politico Magazine'' (May/June 2017 edition). Retrieved April 22, 2017.</ref>
Nixon, who was elected [[President of the United States|president]] in [[United States presidential election, 1968|1968]], promised an end to the [[Vietnam War]].<ref name="CHNM">[https://chnm.gmu.edu/hardhats/silent.html Nixon's "Silent Majority" Speech]. ''chnm.gmu.edu''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> After he assumed office, Nixon decided against a quick withdrawlwithdrawal, as it would severely damage international trust and confidence in American leadership.<ref name="CHNM"/> However, [[liberal]] antiwar activists, who wanted a quick withdrawal regardless of its effects, were very unhappy and vocal in their unhappiness, staging at least one major protest in [[Washington D.C.]]<ref name="CHNM"/>
On November 3, 1969, Nixon gave a major speech to call for national unity and explain his plan for [[Vietnamization]]—to reduce U.S. troop presence in the country until either true peace could be achieved or until the [[South Vietnamese]] could defend themselves.<ref name="CHNM"/><ref name="History">[http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-calls-on-the-silent-majority Nixon calls on the “silent majority” - Nov. 3, 1969 - This Day in History]. ''History.com''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> At the end of his speech, Nixon called on the "great silent majority" to support his plan.<ref name="CHNM"/><ref name="History"/>
===Outcome===
While the [[New Left]], antiwar protestors, and [[hippies]] vocally expressed their leftist views, a silent majority of Americans who had not given in to their agenda. <ref>Buchanan, Patrick J. (November 1, 2019). [https://www.theamericanconservative.com/buchanan/50-years-ago-the-day-nixon-routed-the-establishment/ 50 Years Ago: The Day Nixon Routed the Establishment]. ''The American Conservative''. Retrieved November 1, 2019.</ref> In fact, a [[Gallup]] poll released soon after Nixon's November 1969 speech showed 77 percent of Americans in favor of Nixon's policy, despite the [[Anti-war|antiwar]] protests.<ref name="History"/>
The existence of the silent majority was further seen in the [[United States presidential election, 1972|1972 presidential election]]. Democrats nominated [[George McGovern]], likely the most [[left-wing]] nominee in history at that point. Large numbers of [[Democratic Party|Democrats]] abandoned the party and its nominee who was not in line with their traditional conservative values and voted for Nixon.<ref name="Britannica">[https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1972 United States presidential election of 1972]. ''Encyclopædia Britannica''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Nixon was successfully able to point out McGovern's extreme viewsSilent Majority coalition, which consisted of veterans and he won families who fought the election in one of the largest landslides in United States history.<ref name="Britannica"/><ref name="WaPo1972">Broder, David S. (November 8, 1972). [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/watergate/articles/110872-1.htm Nixon Wins Landslide Victory; Democrats Hold Senate, House]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Even traditionally Democrat states, such as [[West VirginiaSecond World War]], and defeated [[New Yorkfascism]], and spoke up in response to the radical [[TexasLeftist]], voted s who blamed America for Nixon (he won 49 states).<ref name="WaPo1972"/> As of 2016, the 1972 presidential election was the 4th largest landslide election in terms problems of the popular voteworld, and even larger than with the [[United States presidential electionslogan, 1964|1964 presidential election]]"America, Love it or Leave it."<ref>[httphttps://www.worldatlasupi.com/articlesArchives/largestAudio/Events-landslideof-victories1970/Protesting-inand-usthe-presidentialChicago-election-history.html Largest Landslide Victories In US Presidential Election History]. ''worldatlas.com''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.Seven/</ref>
The existence of the silent majority was further seen in the [[United States presidential election, 1972|1972 presidential election]]. Democrats nominated [[George McGovern]], likely the most [[left-wing]] nominee in history at that point. Large numbers of [[Democratic Party|Democrats]] abandoned the party and its nominee who was not in line with their traditional conservative values and voted for Nixon.<ref name="Britannica">[https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1972 United States presidential election of 1972]. ''Encyclopædia Britannica''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Nixon was successfully able to point out McGovern's extreme views, and he won the election in one of the largest landslides in United States history.<ref name="Britannica"/><ref name="WaPo1972">Broder, David S. (November 8, 1972). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/watergate/articles/110872-1.htm Nixon Wins Landslide Victory; Democrats Hold Senate, House]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Even traditionally Democrat states, such as [[West Virginia]], [[New York]], and [[Texas]], voted for Nixon (he won 49 states).<ref name="WaPo1972"/> As of 2016, the 1972 presidential election was the 4th largest landslide election in terms of the popular vote, and even larger than the [[United States presidential election, 1964|1964 presidential election]].<ref>[http://www.worldatlas.com/articles/largest-landslide-victories-in-us-presidential-election-history.html Largest Landslide Victories In US Presidential Election History]. ''worldatlas.com''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> ==Other potential examples of the silent majority in U.S. history==
===Black silent majority===
During the 1960s and 70s, a silent majority existed in the [[African Americans|black community]] that opposed the undue sympathy of the liberal elites towards criminals and drug dealers.<ref name="Federalist">Grabar, Mary (May 5, 2016). [httphttps://thefederalist.com/2016/05/05/the-forgotten-history-of-the-black-silent-majority/ The Forgotten History Of ‘The Black Silent Majority’]. ''The Federalist''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Rather than condemning "police brutality", blaming crime and drug use on racism, or supporting the [[welfare state]] as a solution, they supported tougher crime laws.<ref name="Federalist"/> Some even supported [[capital punishment]] for these crimes.<ref name="Federalist"/>
===Reagan's majority===
Another example of the silent majority is seen in [[Ronald Reagan]]'s presidential election campaigns. Despite beliefs claims that he was too [[conservative]] to be elected president, Reagan easily defeated Democrat [[Jimmy Carter]] in the [[United States presidential election, 1980|1980 presidential election]].<ref name="Britannica1980">[https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1980 United States presidential election of 1980]. ''Encyclopædia Britannica''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> The American public was fed up with Carter's weak foreign policy, as well as ; calls for energy conservation; liberal, [[big government]] economic policies, ; as well as the poor economic state of the nation; and even [[Reagan Democrat|many Democrats]] voted for Reagan.<ref name="Britannica1980"/> In 1984, Democrats nominated liberal [[Walter Mondale]], who even stated outright that he would raise taxes as president, who Americans rejected in a landslide—a landslide&mdash;a repudiation of liberal policies.<ref>[https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1984 United States presidential election of 1984]. ''Encyclopædia Britannica''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref>
===Trump's silent majority===
[[Donald Trump]] frequently mentioned the silent majority in speeches during the [[2016 U.S. presidential election|2016 presidential election]].<ref>Sanders, Sam (January 22, 2016). [httphttps://www.npr.org/2016/01/22/463884201/trump-champions-the-silent-majority-but-what-does-that-mean-in-2016 Trump Champions The 'Silent Majority,' But What Does That Mean In 2016?]. ''NPR''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> While polling predicted [[Hillary Clinton]] would win easily, Trump performed significantly better than polling suggested.<ref>Mercer, Andrew; Deane, Claudia; McGeeney, Kyley (November 9, 2016). [httphttps://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/11/09/why-2016-election-polls-missed-their-mark/ Why 2016 election polls missed their mark]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref><ref name="FiveThirtyEight">Bialik, Carl; Enten, Harry (November 9, 2016). [http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/the-polls-missed-trump-we-asked-pollsters-why/ The Polls Missed Trump. We Asked Pollsters Why.]. ''FiveThirtyEight''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> Trump voters were underrepresentedin polling samples, and it is possible that, because it is social taboo in mainstream society to support Trump, many voters did not state their real voting intentions to pollsters, even though that idea was rejected by some.<ref name="FiveThirtyEight"/> Throughout the campaign and after the election, anti-Trump critics were extremely vocal about their views, while Trump supporters acted more discreet. Anti-Trump demonstrators caused massive disruption, stopping at least one Trump rally in Chicago, and after the election, they continued in their protests and violence. While Clinton narrowly won the nationwide popular vote (by about 2%), Trump won a large majority of the states (30.5, including Maine's second district; 61%).<ref>[http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html 2016 Presidential General Election Results]. ''Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections''. Retrieved December 18, 2016.</ref> In addition, Trump won 2,623 counties—the largest number for both a Republican or Democrat presidential candidate since [[Ronald Reagan]] in 1984—while the Democrats won only 489.<ref>Jacobson, Louis (December 4, 2016). [https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2016/dec/04/mike-pence/mike-pence-says-donald-trump-won-most-counties-rep/ Mike Pence says Donald Trump won most counties by a Republican since Ronald Reagan]. ''PolitiFact''. Retrieved December 4, 2016.</ref> Trump accordingly won 85 percent of the nation by land area.<ref>Wallace, Tim (November 16, 2016). [https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/11/16/us/politics/the-two-americas-of-2016.html?_r=0 The Two Americas of 2016]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 5, 2016.</ref> In the early days of Trump's presidency, polls generally showed low approval ratings. However, there is much evidence that conventional polling methods are once again inaccurate.<ref>Shepard, Steven (February 3, 2017). [https://www.politico.com/story/2017/02/donald-trump-popularity-polling-234630 Donald Trump might be more popular than you think]. ''Politico''. Retrieved February 4, 2017.</ref>
Throughout and after then election, anti-===="Women's March"===={{See also|Women's March}}After Trump supporters were extremely 's inauguration, a vocal about their viewsminority of leftist protesters staged "women's marches" around the world.<ref>Keneally, while Trump supporters acted more discreetMeghan (January 22, 2017). Anti[https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/womens-Trump demonstrators caused massive disruption, stopping march-heads-washington-day-trumps-inauguration/story?id=44936042 More than 1 Million Rally at least one Trump rally Women's Marches in Chicago, US and after the electionAround World]. ''ABC News''. Retrieved January 22, they continued in their protests 2017.</ref> This "women's march" was largely just a sham intended to bash President Trump and violencepromote [[far-left]] and [[feminist]] ideology that hundreds of millions of women oppose. While Clinton narrowly won the popular vote <ref name="LiberalTPs">Mcardle, Mairead (by about 2%)January 21, Trump won a large majority 2017). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/womens-march-sports-slew-of -liberal-talking-points/article/2612596 Women's March sports slew of liberal talking points]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</ref> Additionally, [[pro-life]] groups were excluded from the states (30D.5C. march, including Maine's second district; 61%)even though they support the humane principle of opposing legalized murder.<ref name="LiberalTPs"/> Additionally, hateful leftist activists such as [[Madonna Ciccone|Madonna]]<ref>[httphttps://uselectionatlaswww.orgfoxnews.com/RESULTSentertainment/index2017/01/21/madonna-gives-profanity-laced-speech-at-womens-march-in-washington.html 2016 Presidential General Election ResultsMadonna gives profanity-laced speech at Women's March in Washington]. ''Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential ElectionsFox News''. January 21, 2017. Retrieved December 18January 22, 20162017.</ref> In addition, Trump won 2,623 counties—the largest number for both a Republican or Democrat since and [[Ronald ReaganAshley Judd]] in 1984—while the Democrats won only 489.<ref>JacobsonLaila, Louis Cristina (December 4January 21, 20162017). [httphttps://www.politifactthegatewaypundit.com/truth-o-meter2017/statements01/2016/dec/04/mikeunhinged-pence/mikeashley-pencejudd-saysrecites-donaldnasty-trumpwoman-wonpoem-mostwomens-countiesmarch-repvideo/ Mike Pence says Donald Trump won most counties by a Republican since Ronald ReaganUnhinged! Ashley Judd Recites ‘Nasty Woman’ Poem At Women’s March (VIDEO)]. ''PolitiFactThe Gateway Pundit''. Retrieved December 4January 22, 20162017.</ref> Geographically speakinggave hateful, vulgar, and idiotic rants against Trump accordingly . These protesters forgot that Trump still managed to win about 42% of women and won 85 percent a strong majority of the nationabout 53% of white women according to liberal "mainstream" exit polls.<ref>Wallace, Tim (November 16, 2016). [httphttps://www.nytimesnbcnews.com/interactivepolitics/2016-election/11president Presidential Results]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</16ref><ref>[https:/us/politicsedition.cnn.com/theelection/results/exit-two-americas-of-2016.html?_r=0 The Two Americas of 2016polls/national/president Exit polls]. ''The New York TimesCNN''. Retrieved December 5January 22, 20162017.</ref>
After ====Refugee suspension===={{See also|Travel ban}}Despite [[Trump's inauguration, a vocal minority of hateful leftist protestors staged "women's marches" around the world.<ref>Keneally, Meghan (January 22, 2017). [http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/womensDerangement Syndrome|major left-march-heads-washington-day-trumps-inauguration/story?id=44936042 More than 1 Million Rally at Women's Marches in US wing hysteria]] and Around World]. ''ABC News''. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</ref> This "women's march" was only a sham intended criticism due to bash President Trump 's executive order temporarily suspending refugee inflows and promote leftist ideology that hundreds of millions of women oppose.<ref name="LiberalTPs">Mcardleimmigration from certain high-risk nations, Mairead (January 21, 2017). [http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/womens-march-sports-slew-49 percent of-liberal-talking-points/article/2612596 Women's March sports slew of liberal talking points]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</ref> Additionally, [[pro-life]] groups were excluded from the marchAmerican public supported the decision compared to 41 percent opposed, even though they support according to the humane principle of opposing legalized murder.<ref name="LiberalTPsmainstream"/> AdditionallyReuters, hateful leftist activists such as [[Madonna Ciccone|Madonna]]<ref>[http://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/2017/01/21/madonna-gives-profanity-laced-speech-at-womens-march-in-washington.html Madonna gives profanity-laced speech at Women's March in Washington]. ''Fox News''. January 21, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</ref> and [[Ashley Judd]]<ref>LailaKahn, Cristina Chris (January 2131, 2017). [httphttps://www.thegatewaypunditreuters.com/2017/01article/unhingedus-ashleyusa-juddtrump-recitesimmigration-nastypoll-womanexclusive-poem-womens-march-video/ Unhinged! Ashley Judd Recites ‘Nasty Woman’ Poem At Women’s March (VIDEO)idUSKBN15F2MG Exclusive: Only a third of Americans think Trump's travel ban will make them more safe]. ''The Gateway PunditReuters''. Retrieved January 2231, 2017.</ref> gave hateful, vulgar, and idiotic rants against Trump. These protestors forget that Trump still managed to win about 4257% percent of women and won a strong majority of about 53% of white women likely American voters supported the ban according to liberal "mainstream" exit pollsRasmussen.<ref>[http://wwwm.nbcnewsrasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/2016-electioncurrent_events/president Presidential Resultsimmigration/january_2017/most_support_temporary_ban_on_newcomers_from_terrorist_havens Most Support Temporary Ban on Newcomers from Terrorist Havens]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved January 22, 2017.</ref><ref>[http://edition.cnn.com/election/results/exit-polls/national/president Exit polls]. ''CNN''. Retrieved January 22February 2, 2017.</ref>
===Homosexual agenda===
Despite the fact that only 4.1% of the U.S. population in 2017 identified as "[[LGBT]], " just over half a percentage point higher than four years prior,<ref>Gates, Gary J. (January 11, 2017). [httphttps://www.gallup.com/poll/201731/lgbt-identification-rises.aspx?utm_source=Daily+Briefing&utm_campaign=e78663af9e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_01_05&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ed3d9d5277-e78663af9e-273636929&mc_cid=e78663af9e&mc_eid=6492c3988e&utm_source=Cultural+Commentary&utm_campaign=36e55c71c7-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_11_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_51f776a552-36e55c71c7-273780261&mc_cid=36e55c71c7&mc_eid=067f1df51b In US, More Adults Identifying as LGBT]. ''Gallup''. Retrieved January 18, 2017.</ref> Americans greatly overestimate the proportion of homosexuals in the nation to be an average of 23%.<ref name="GreatlyOver">Newport, Frank (May 21, 2015). [httphttps://www.gallup.com/poll/183383/americans-greatly-overestimate-percent-gay-lesbian.aspx?utm_source=Cultural+Commentary&utm_campaign=36e55c71c7-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_11_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_51f776a552-36e55c71c7-273780261&mc_cid=36e55c71c7&mc_eid=067f1df51b Americans Greatly Overestimate Percent Gay, Lesbian in U.S.] ''Gallup''. Retrieved January 18, 2017.</ref> While neither statistic shows homosexuals in the majority, their size and strength is greatly exaggerated, in conformance with earlier examples. Interestingly, Republicans and conservatives gave estimates closest to the actual number.<ref name="GreatlyOver"/>
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