/* 2017 election */
[[File:Merkel.jpg|thumb|Merkel between the flags of Germany (left) and the European Union (EU)]]
:''For more on Merkel's destructive immigration policies, see [[European migrant crisis]]''
'''Angela Dorothea Merkel''' (born
17 July 1954) was elected in March 2018 to her fourth term as the chancellor of [[Germany]], the top position for a broad coalition government. She is also the leader of the German [[Christian Democratic Union]] (CDU), historically Germany's conservative party. She has served as the chancellor of Germany since 2005, a position comparable to prime minister. She is a champion of the euro and of the mass migration of Middle Eastern and North African refugees to Europe.<ref>Milton Friedman detailed the disadvantages of the euro in "[https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/the-euro--monetary-unity-to-political-disunity The Euro: Monetary Unity To Political Disunity?]"</ref>
Merkel was first elected as chancellor of Germany in 2005. She ruled together with the left-center [[SPD]] until 2009.<ref>
The September 2009 election was a major win for the right-of-center forces led by Chancellor Merkel, breaking a stalemate and opening the way for more conservative economic policies. Previously since an indecisive election in 2005 the center-right [[Christian Democratic Union|Christian Democrats]] formed a "grand coalition" with the center-left Social Democrats, headed by Frank-Walter Steinmeier. 2009 Merkel and her CDU formed a coalition with the liberal [[Free Democratic Party|Free Democrats]]. Left in the cold was the [[Alliance '90/The Greens|Greens]], and the ex-Communists who remain strong under the name "[[The Left]]." Merkel moved forward on tax cuts, reform of the tax code, reduction of bureaucracy and an extension of the time that nuclear power plants can continue to operate.
The victory enhanced her reputation as Europe's top political power broker, as Merkel became the first leader of a major European country to win re-election since the [[Recession of 2008|global financial crisis]] struck the previous year. Voters generally approved of her response to the recession, even though it hammered Germany's export-dependent economy and resulted in a huge amount of public debt. She countered criticism by blaming the crisis on [[Wall Street]] and engaging in a modest stimulus program.<ref>Craig Whitlock, "Germany's Merkel Reelected Easily, Will Form New Coalition," [
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/09/27/AR2009092700631.html?nav=emailpage ''Washington Post'' Sept. 28, 2009]</ref>
In the 2013 election, the CDU remained Germany's strongest party, but its ally the [[Free Democratic Party|FDP]] lost the election and left the parliament.<ref>http://bigstory.ap.org/article/merkel-bidding-3rd-term-german-election</ref> Thus, the CDU created a "grand coalition" with the SPD again.<ref>
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/11/27/merkel-conservatives-center-left-rivals-reach-deal-to-form-new-german/</ref> The vice chancellor is Sigmar Gabriel, the chairman of the [[SPD]].<ref>http://cnsnews.com/news/article/merkel-backs-plans-stem-energy-cost-rises</ref>
In a campaign described as "boring", Merkel saw a challenge by the SPD's left-wing [[Martin Schulz]], the former president of the [[European Parliament]]. Merkel was seen by some commentators to have subtly tacked towards the right on some policies such as migration and [[Turkey]]'s accession to the EU – two issues she formerly was wholeheartedly in support of. In the election, the right-wing conservative [[Alternative for Germany]] entered the Bundestag after taking a historic third place with nearly 13% of the vote, while Merkel's CDU received its worst result since 1949.<ref>Multiple references:
*Tomlinson, Chris (September 25, 2017). [
http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/09/25/merkel-scores-pyrrhic-victory-populists-beat-expectations/ Merkel’s Pyrrhic Victory: Worst Party Performance Since 1949 As Populist AfD Beat Expectations]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Dettmer, Jamie (September 25, 2017). [https://www.voanews.com/a/germany-elections-afd/4043104.html Germany Shaken by Far-right Political Earthquake]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Dettmer, Jamie (September 25, 2017). [https://www.voanews.com/a/merkel-win-seen-as-inevitable/4042028.html Merkel Wins Historic Fourth Term But Far-right Populists Surge]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Ridgwell, Henry (September 25, 2017). [https://www.voanews.com/a/germany-far-right-reclaim-country-angela-merkel-coalition-talks/4043603.html German Far-right Pledges to 'Reclaim Country' as Merkel Begins Tough Coalition Talks]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Chazan, Guy (September 24, 2017). [https://www.ft.com/content/d18213e0-a105-11e7-b797-b61809486fe2 Nationalist AfD make historic breakthrough in German elections]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Despite this, Merkel continued defending her open borders policies.<ref>[
http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/09/25/merkel-defends-open-borders-migrant-policy-election-shock/ Merkel Defends Open Borders Migrant Policy After Election Shock]. ''Breitbart News''. September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Merkel had trouble creating a government, with the Social Democrats initially refusing to work with her in a coalition and with the Greens and FDP being unable to agree together with the CDU. In February 2018, Merkel reached an agreement with the Social Democrats that gave the latter party a disproportionate amount of influence in her government.<ref>Joffe, Josef (February 9, 2018). [https://www.politico.eu/article/angela-merkel-martin-schulz-cdu-spd-government-of-losers/ Angela’s Merkel government of losers]. ''Politico''. Retrieved February 9, 2018.</ref> Six months after the election, the German Bundestag voted to give Merkel a fourth term as chancellor with her "grand coalition" with the SPD.<ref>Multiple references:*[ http://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/03/14/six-months-inconclusive-elections-angela-merkel-begins-historic-fourth-term-chancellor/ Six Months After Worst Ever Election Result Angela Merkel Begins Historic Fourth Term as Chancellor]. ''Breitbart News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.*[ http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/03/14/angela-merkel-elected-for-4th-term-as-german-chancellor.html Angela Merkel elected for 4th term as German chancellor]. ''Fox News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Doubek, James (March 14, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/03/14/593412170/germanys-angela-merkel-begins-fourth-term-on-shaky-ground Germany's Angela Merkel Begins Fourth Term On Shaky Ground]. ''NPR''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Thomas, Andrea; Benoit, Bertrand (March 14, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/angela-merkel-begins-fourth-term-as-german-chancellor-1521022646 Angela Merkel Starts Fourth Term Facing Big Hurdles]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.</ref>
Merkel supports [[liberal]] and [[Globalism|globalist]] policies. She allowed her party members a free vote for legalizing [[same-sex "marriage"]]. In June 2017 the German parliament voted for legalizing
them, including some MPs from Merkel's party, although she herself voted against it.<ref>http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/angela-merkel-same-sex-marriage-vote-germany-legalisation-lgbt-rights-christian-democrat-man-woman-a7815846.html</ref> Her nation harshly opposes [[homeschooling]]. She supports the socialist and globalist [[European Union]] and open borders. Her left-wing policies contributed significantly to the [[European migrant crisis]]. Merkel opposes patriotic policies, such as building [[border wall]]s and advancing protectionism, opposes [[populism]], and supports [[globalism]].<ref>Deacon, Liam (January 24, 2018). [ http://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/01/24/merkel-davos-attacks-walls-poison-populism-defends-globalism/ Merkel at Davos: Attacks ‘Walls’ and ‘Poison’ of Populism, Defends Globalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 24, 2018.</ref>
fears that the EU has failed to define its common interests "for the ( commercial) battles of the future" now Europe's cold war priorities of keeping "peace and freedom" have been achieved. "This is where I think Europe needs to learn a lot, not to concentrate too much on whether bicycle paths are built the same way in Portugal and north- west Germany. "
Domestically, Merkel recognizes the need for change in the country's consensual model. "In Germany, we are always facing the danger that we are a little bit too slow. We have to speed up our changes."
When the German Minister of Interior [[Horst Seehofer]] stated that [[Islam]] "does not belong in Germany,"<ref>
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-43422770</ref><ref>Huggler, Justin (March 16, 2018). [https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/16/german-interior-minister-declares-islam-does-not-belong-country/ German interior minister declares 'Islam does not belong' in the country]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel quickly responded by saying that "Islam belongs to Germany."<ref>Hale, Virginia (March 16, 2018). [ http://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/03/16/islam-belongs-germany-merkel-insists/ ‘Islam Belongs to Germany’, Merkel Insists After Minister Highlights Nation’s Christian Heritage]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref><ref>[https://www.thelocal.de/20180316/islam-doesnt-belong-to-germany-says-interior-minister-horst-seehofer Merkel contradicts interior minister, saying ‘Islam belongs to Germany’]. ''The Local''. March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel's globalist views on immigration and unwillingness to compromise conflicted with the relatively conservative views of Seehofer, something which endangered the coalition she created after the 2017 elections.<ref>Multiple references:*Irvine, Chris (June 15, 2018). [ http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/06/15/angela-merkels-german-government-facing-collapse-over-her-immigration-stance.html Angela Merkel's German government facing collapse over her immigration stance]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.*Tomlinson, Chris (June 16, 2018). [ http://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/06/16/longstanding-disagreements-on-migrant-policy-threaten-to-end-merkel-era/ New Migrant Crisis Threatens to Bring Down Merkel in 48 Hours]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
*Duke, Selwyn (June 18, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/29300-muslim-migration-may-topple-eu-starting-with-angela-merkel-s-government Muslim Migration May Topple EU — Starting With Angela Merkel’s Government]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-germany/defiant-merkel-backs-europe-migrant-policy-as-bavaria-row-simmers-idUSKBN1JC0CQ Defiant Merkel backs Europe migrant policy as Bavaria row simmers]. ''Reuters''. June 16, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/06/13/merkel-allies-heading-for-showdown-over-immigration-policy.html Merkel, allies heading for showdown over immigration policy]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018 .</ref>
=== Relations with Donald Trump ===In October 2015, [[Donald Trump]] criticized Merkel's migration policy: "I love a safe zone for people. I do not like the migration. I do not like the people coming. Frankly, look, Europe is going to have to handle – but they're going to have riots in Germany. What's happening in Germany, I always thought Merkel was like this great leader. What she's done in Germany is insane. It is insane. They're having all sorts of attacks."<ref>Keneally, Meghan (July 6, 2017). [https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/trump-merkel/story?id=46198767 What Trump and Merkel have said about each other] ''ABC News''. Retrieved May 5, 2018.</ref> In April 2018, President Trump emphasized that he has a "really great relationship" with Chancellor Merkel. According to him they both "actually have had a great relationship from the beginning."<ref>Fredericks, Bob (April 27, 2018). [https://nypost.com/2018/04/27/trump-praises-great-relationship-with-merkel-during-white-house-visit/ Trump praises ‘great relationship’ with Merkel during White House visit] ''New York Post''. Retrieved May 8, 2018.</ref>
* Clifford W. Mills. ''Angela Merkel'' (2007), 120pp; for middle schools