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Angela Merkel

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/* 2017 election */
[[File:Merkel.jpg|thumb|Merkel between the flags of Germany (left) and the European Union (EU)]]
:''For more on Merkel's destructive immigration policies, see [[European migrant crisis]]''
'''Angela Dorothea Merkel''' (born 17 July 17, 1954) was elected in March 2018 to her fourth term as the chancellor of [[Germany]], the top position for a broad coalition government. She is From 2000 to 2018 she was also the leader of the German [[Christian Democratic Union]] (CDU), historically Germany's conservative party. She has served as the chancellor of Germany since 2005, a position comparable to prime minister. She is a champion of the euro and of the mass migration of Middle Eastern and North African refugees to Europe.<ref>Milton Friedman detailed the disadvantages of the euro in "[ The Euro: Monetary Unity To Political Disunity?]"</ref>
==Early life==
==German chancellor==
===2005 election===
Merkel was first elected as chancellor of Germany in 2005. She ruled together with the left-center [[SPD]] until 2009.<ref>http</ref>
===2009 election===
The September 2009 election was a major win for the right-of-center forces led by Chancellor Merkel, breaking a stalemate and opening the way for more conservative economic policies. Previously since an indecisive election in 2005 the center-right [[Christian Democratic Union|Christian Democrats]] formed a "grand coalition" with the center-left Social Democrats, headed by Frank-Walter Steinmeier. 2009 Merkel and her CDU formed a coalition with the liberal [[Free Democratic Party|Free Democrats]]. Left in the cold was the [[Alliance '90/The Greens|Greens]], and the ex-Communists who remain strong under the name "[[The Left]]." Merkel moved forward on tax cuts, reform of the tax code, reduction of bureaucracy and an extension of the time that nuclear power plants can continue to operate.
The victory enhanced her reputation as Europe's top political power broker, as Merkel became the first leader of a major European country to win re-election since the [[Recession of 2008|global financial crisis]] struck the previous year. Voters generally approved of her response to the recession, even though it hammered Germany's export-dependent economy and resulted in a huge amount of public debt. She countered criticism by blaming the crisis on [[Wall Street]] and engaging in a modest stimulus program.<ref>Craig Whitlock, "Germany's Merkel Reelected Easily, Will Form New Coalition," [http ''Washington Post'' Sept. 28, 2009]</ref>
===2013 election===
In the 2013 election, the CDU remained Germany's strongest party, but its ally the [[Free Democratic Party|FDP]] lost the election and left the parliament.<ref></ref> Thus, the CDU created a "grand coalition" with the SPD again.<ref>http</ref> The vice chancellor is Sigmar Gabriel, the chairman of the [[SPD]].<ref></ref>
===2017 election===
In a campaign described as "boring", Merkel saw a challenge by the SPD's left-wing [[Martin Schulz]], the former president of the [[European Parliament]]. Merkel was seen by some commentators to have subtly tacked towards the right on some policies such as migration and [[Turkey]]'s accession to the EU – two issues she formerly was wholeheartedly in support of. In the election, the right-wing conservative [[Alternative for Germany]] entered the Bundestag after taking a historic third place with nearly 13% of the vote, while Merkel's CDU received its worst result since 1949.<ref>Multiple references:
*Tomlinson, Chris (September 25, 2017). [http Merkel’s Pyrrhic Victory: Worst Party Performance Since 1949 As Populist AfD Beat Expectations]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Dettmer, Jamie (September 25, 2017). [ Germany Shaken by Far-right Political Earthquake]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Dettmer, Jamie (September 25, 2017). [ Merkel Wins Historic Fourth Term But Far-right Populists Surge]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Ridgwell, Henry (September 25, 2017). [ German Far-right Pledges to 'Reclaim Country' as Merkel Begins Tough Coalition Talks]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
*Chazan, Guy (September 24, 2017). [ Nationalist AfD make historic breakthrough in German elections]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Despite this, Merkel continued defending her open borders policies.<ref>[http Merkel Defends Open Borders Migrant Policy After Election Shock]. ''Breitbart News''. September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Merkel had trouble creating a government, with the Social Democrats initially refusing to work with her in a coalition and with the Greens and FDP being unable to agree together with the CDU. In February 2018, Merkel reached an agreement with the Social Democrats that gave the latter party a disproportionate amount of influence in her government.<ref>Joffe, Josef (February 9, 2018). [ Angela’s Merkel government of losers]. ''Politico''. Retrieved February 9, 2018.</ref> Six months after the election, the German Bundestag voted to give Merkel a fourth term as chancellor with her "grand coalition" with the SPD.<ref>Multiple references:*[http Six Months After Worst Ever Election Result Angela Merkel Begins Historic Fourth Term as Chancellor]. ''Breitbart News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.*[http Angela Merkel elected for 4th term as German chancellor]. ''Fox News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Doubek, James (March 14, 2018). [ Germany's Angela Merkel Begins Fourth Term On Shaky Ground]. ''NPR''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Thomas, Andrea; Benoit, Bertrand (March 14, 2018). [ Angela Merkel Starts Fourth Term Facing Big Hurdles]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.</ref>
In the 2019 European Parliament elections, the German coalition parties performed very poorly.<ref>Moulson, Geir (May 27, 2019). [ Greens surge as German governing parties perform poorly]. ''Associated Press''. May 27, 2019.</ref>
Merkel supports [[liberal]] and [[Globalism|globalist]] policies. She allowed her party members a free vote for legalizing [[same-sex "marriage"]]. In June 2017 , the German parliament voted for legalizing themit, including some MPs from Merkel's party, although she herself voted against it.<ref></ref> Her nation harshly opposes [[homeschooling]]. She supports the socialist and globalist [[European Union]] and open borders. Her left-wing policies contributed significantly to the [[European migrant crisis]]. Merkel opposes patriotic policies, such as building [[border wall]]s and advancing protectionism, opposes [[populism]], and supports [[globalism]].<ref>Deacon, Liam (January 24, 2018). [http Merkel at Davos: Attacks ‘Walls’ and ‘Poison’ of Populism, Defends Globalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 24, 2018.</ref> In November 2018, Merkel called for a common EU army.<ref>Multiple references:*Hale, Virginia (November 14, 2018). [ Merkel Demands ‘Real, True EU Army’… Days After Calling for ‘UN Values’ Globalist World Peace]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.*Shaw, Adam (November 13, 2018). [ Merkel calls for creation of ‘European army,’ backing Macron in spat with Trump]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.*Axelrod, Tal (November 13, 2018). [ Merkel calls for creation of ‘real, true European army']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.<br>See also:*Friedman, Victoria (January 12, 2019). [ EU Army ‘Already Taking Shape’ Brags German Defence Minister]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 12, 2019.</ref>
Merkel fears that supports the EU has failed [[War on Sovereignty|erosion of national sovereignty]], stating in 2018 that "nation states must today be prepared to define its common interests give up their sovereignty."<ref>Multiple references:*Hale, Virginia (November 23, 2018). [ Merkel: EU States Must Prepare to Hand National Sovereignty over to Brussels]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 23, 2018.*Duke, Selwyn (December 31, 2018). [ Killing Nationalism: Merkel Says Nations Should Give Up Sovereignty]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.</ref> In January 2019, Merkel's defense minister, Ursula von der Leyen, effectively called for using NATO to put suppress those who oppose the globalist world order.<ref>Newman, Alex (commercialJanuary 21, 2019) battles . [ the future" now Europe's cold war priorities -world-order German Defense Chief: Unleash NATO on Opponents of keeping "peace and freedom" have been achieved“World Order”]. "This is where I think Europe needs to learn a lot''The New American''. Retrieved January 21, not 2019.</ref> She has made other statements opposing [[nationalism]].<ref>Multiple references:*Friedman, Victoria (January 29, 2019). [ Merkel: We Must ‘Stand up’ to concentrate too much on whether bicycle paths are built the same way in Portugal ‘Excessive Populism and northNationalism’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 30, 2019.*Newman, Alex (January 30, 2019). [ Germanynews/europe/item/31341-merkel-and-communist-china-defend-world-order-at-davos Merkel and Communist China Defend “World Order” at Davos]."''The New American''. Retrieved January 30, 2019.</ref>
Merkel fears that the European Union has failed to define its common interests "for the (commercial) battles of the future" now Europe's cold war priorities of keeping "peace and freedom" have been achieved. "This is where I think Europe needs to learn a lot, not to concentrate too much on whether bicycle paths are built the same way in Portugal and north-west Germany." Domestically, Merkel recognizes the need for change in the country's consensual model. "In Germany, we are always facing the danger that we are a little bit too slow. We have to speed up our changes."
====Migration policy====
Due to Chancellor Angela Because of Merkel's [[open borders]] policies, more than 2.5 million refugees and migrants have flooded into Germany from outside Europe, migrants who do not share a common European heritage with their host country. In 2015 alone, Germany was invaded by nearly one million non-Western immigrants,<ref>[ The New Europeans], Robert Kunzig, ''National Geographic'', October 2016</ref> more than double the size of Germany's standing and reserve military force. Merkel opposed setting an upper limit on the number of refugees Germany would allow in annually.<ref>Delcker, Janosch (October 2, 2017). [http Angela Merkel’s new refugee dilemma]. ''Politico''. Retrieved October 3, 2017.</ref> It was reported in August 2017 that since 2015, when the [[European migrant crisis]] was at its height, the German Prosecutor’s Prosecutor's Office received over 1,000 criminal complaints accusing Merkel of high treason for her actions regarding refugees and immigration.<ref>Tomlinson, Chris (August 31, 2017). [http Prosecutors Have Rejected 1,000 High Treason Charges Against Merkel For Migrant Crisis Since 2015]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 31, 2017.</ref> This represented a massive visible shift in her policies since 2010, when she actually stated that a multicultural society had failed and that immigrants needed to do more to integrate, including learning German.<ref>(October 17, 2010). [ Merkel says German multicultural society has failed]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 16, 2018.</ref> Merkel continued defending her actions even several years afterward.<ref>Hale, Virginia (May 2, 2019). [ Opening the Borders ‘Not a Mistake’: Merkel Defends Migrant Crisis Decisions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 2, 2019.</ref>
When discussing her options on how to counter the migrant crisis in 2015, Merkel quickly dismissed the notion of restoring border controls.<ref>Hale, Virginia (September 25, 2018). [ ‘We Won’t Build Any Fences’: Interview Reveals Merkel’s Reaction to 2015 Migrant Crisis]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2018.</ref> When the German Minister of Interior [[Horst Seehofer]] stated that [[Islam]] "does not belong in Germany,"<ref>http</ref><ref>Huggler, Justin (March 16, 2018). [ German interior minister declares 'Islam does not belong' in the country]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel quickly responded by saying that "Islam belongs to Germany."<ref>Hale, Virginia (March 16, 2018). [http ‘Islam Belongs to Germany’, Merkel Insists After Minister Highlights Nation’s Christian Heritage]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref><ref>[ Merkel contradicts interior minister, saying ‘Islam belongs to Germany’]. ''The Local''. March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel's globalist views on immigration and unwillingness to compromise conflicted with the relatively conservative views of Seehofer, something which endangered the coalition she created after the 2017 elections.<ref>Multiple references:*Irvine, Chris (June 15, 2018). [http Angela Merkel's German government facing collapse over her immigration stance]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.*Tomlinson, Chris (June 16, 2018). [http New Migrant Crisis Threatens to Bring Down Merkel in 48 Hours]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
*Duke, Selwyn (June 18, 2018). [ Muslim Migration May Topple EU — Starting With Angela Merkel’s Government]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
*[ Defiant Merkel backs Europe migrant policy as Bavaria row simmers]. ''Reuters''. June 16, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
*[http Merkel, allies heading for showdown over immigration policy]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018.</ref> Ultimately, they found a compromise which saw Merkel gain the upper hand.<ref>Multiple references:*Lane, Oliver JJ (July 2, 2018). [ Merkel Germany Coalition Limps on as Immigration Control Compromise Struck]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.*Escritt, Thomas; Chambers, Madeline (July 2, 2018). [ Merkel to fight another day after settling migration row]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.*Byas, Steve (July 3, 2018). [ Immigration Compromise Saves Merkel Government in Germany — for Now]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 3, 2018.</ref> Merkel continued advancing policies increasing the number of migrants into Germany.<ref>Byas, Steve (October 3, 2018). [ Germany’s Merkel Favors Even More Immigrants]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 3, 2018.</ref> She strongly endorsed the [[UN Migrant Treaty|UN's migration compact]] that conservative leaders rejected.<ref>Hale, Virginia (November 21, 2018). [ ‘No Compromises’: Merkel Launches Passionate Defence of UN Migration Pact]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref><ref>Friedman, Victoria (December 10, 2018). [ Merkel Hails UN Migration Pact Le Pen Says Would ‘Forever Change’ France]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 10, 2018.</ref> Under Merkel's government, Germany tried to send the highest number of migrants to other EU countries.<ref>Friedman, Victoria (December 7, 2018). [ Germany Most Prolific at Attempting to Send Migrants to Other EU Countries]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.</ref> Merkel has stated that countries such as Hungary and Poland should give up control of their own borders.<ref>Montgomery, Jack (March 1, 2019). [ Merkel: Hungary, Poland, Etc Must Surrender Control Over Borders to EU]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 1, 2019.</ref> ===Foreign relations===Merkel failed to stand up for [[the West|Western]] values as German Chancellor and allowed Germany to become dependent on Russian energy.<ref>Rogan, Tom (November 12, 2018). [ Macron, Merkel, and why international order remains the American preserve]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 12, 2018.</ref> In 2011 Merkel opposed [[Israel]]'s settlement program in the [[West Bank]]<ref>Weiland, Severin. [ Merkel and Netanyahu Seek to Play Down Differences] ''[[Der Spiegel]]''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.</ref> and rejects moving Germany's embassy from [[Tel Aviv]] to [[Jerusalem]].<ref>Berkowitz, Adam Eliyahu. [ Germany’s Merkel: No to Jerusalem Embassy, No to ‘Settlements,’ Yes to Iran Nuclear Deal] ''BreakingIsraelNews''. Retrieved October 7, 2018.</ref> She even told other EU leaders not to move their embassies<ref>Tomlinson, Chris (December 7, 2018). [ Merkel Told EU Leaders to Not Move Embassies to Jerusalem]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.</ref> and urged [[Romania]]'s President Klaus Iohannis to stop the planned relocation of Romania's embassy to Jerusalem.<ref>Weinthal, Benjamin. [ Exclusive: Merkel Urged Romanian President to Not Move Embassy to Jerusalem] ''Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved November 18, 2018.</ref> After President Trump decided to leave the [[Iran nuclear deal]], Merkel explained that this deal "should never be called into question" and wanted [[Iran]] to remain in it.<ref>(May 9, 2018). [ Iran nuclear deal ‘should never be called into question’, says Merkel] ''''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.</ref> In January 2019, Merkel and France's [[Emmanuel Macron]] prepared to sign a treaty further eroding the national sovereignty of both countries and tying them closer together.<ref>Friedman, Victoria (January 10, 2019). [ Merkel and Macron Pool Defence, Foreign Policy in Prototype ‘Sovereign Europe’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 10, 2019.<br>See also:*Friedman, Victoria (January 22, 2019). [ Yellow Vests Protest Merkel-Macron Treaty on Integrating Defence, Foreign Policy]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 22, 2019.</ref>
==== Relations with Donald Trump ====In October 2015, [[Donald Trump]] criticized Merkel's migration policy: "I love a safe zone for people. I do not like the migration. I do not like the people coming. Frankly, look, Europe is going to have to handle – but they're going to have riots in Germany. What's happening in Germany, I always thought Merkel was like this great leader. What she's done in Germany is insane. It is insane. They're having all sorts of attacks."<ref>Keneally, Meghan (July 6, 2017). [ What Trump and Merkel have said about each other] ''ABC News''. Retrieved May 5, 2018.</ref> In April 2018, President Trump emphasized that he has a "really great relationship" with Chancellor Merkel. According to him they both "actually have had a great relationship from the beginning."<ref>Fredericks, Bob (April 27, 2018). [ Trump praises ‘great relationship’ with Merkel during White House visit] ''New York Post''. Retrieved May 8, 2018.</ref> On November 11, 2018, Merkel joined [[globalist]] French president [[Emmanuel Macron]] in attacking nationalism and President Trump's [[America First]] foreign policy.<ref>Re, Gregg (November 11, 2018). [ Trump, speaking at Armistice Day event outside Paris, honors fallen soldiers as Macron, Merkel take shots at him]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 11, 2018.</ref>
==See also==
==Further reading==
* Clifford W. Mills. ''Angela Merkel'' (2007), 120pp; for middle schools
# * Wolfgang Stock: Angela Merkel: eine politische Biographie. Neuauflage. München 2005, ISBN 3-7892-8168-9
{{German Chancellors}}
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