/* 2017 election */
[[File:Merkel.jpg|thumb|Merkel between the flags of Germany (left) and the European Union (EU)]]
:''For more on Merkel's destructive immigration policies, see [[European migrant crisis]]''
'''Angela Dorothea Merkel''' (born
17 July 1954) was elected in March 2018 to her fourth term as the chancellor of [[Germany]], the top position for a broad coalition government. She is also the leader of the German [[Christian Democratic Union]] (CDU), historically Germany's conservative party. She has served as the chancellor of Germany since 2005, a position comparable to prime minister. She is a champion of the euro and of the mass migration of Middle Eastern and North African refugees to Europe.<ref>Milton Friedman detailed the disadvantages of the euro in "[https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/the-euro--monetary-unity-to-political-disunity The Euro: Monetary Unity To Political Disunity?]"</ref>
Merkel was first elected as chancellor of Germany in 2005. She ruled together with the left-center [[SPD]] until 2009.<ref>
In the 2013 election, the CDU remained Germany's strongest party, but its ally the [[Free Democratic Party|FDP]] lost the election and left the parliament.<ref>http://bigstory.ap.org/article/merkel-bidding-3rd-term-german-election</ref> Thus, the CDU created a "grand coalition" with the SPD again.<ref>
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/11/27/merkel-conservatives-center-left-rivals-reach-deal-to-form-new-german/</ref> The vice chancellor is Sigmar Gabriel, the chairman of the [[SPD]].<ref>http://cnsnews.com/news/article/merkel-backs-plans-stem-energy-cost-rises</ref>
*Chazan, Guy (September 24, 2017). [https://www.ft.com/content/d18213e0-a105-11e7-b797-b61809486fe2 Nationalist AfD make historic breakthrough in German elections]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Despite this, Merkel continued defending her open borders policies.<ref>[https://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/09/25/merkel-defends-open-borders-migrant-policy-election-shock/ Merkel Defends Open Borders Migrant Policy After Election Shock]. ''Breitbart News''. September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.</ref> Merkel had trouble creating a government, with the Social Democrats initially refusing to work with her in a coalition and with the Greens and FDP being unable to agree together with the CDU. In February 2018, Merkel reached an agreement with the Social Democrats that gave the latter party a disproportionate amount of influence in her government.<ref>Joffe, Josef (February 9, 2018). [https://www.politico.eu/article/angela-merkel-martin-schulz-cdu-spd-government-of-losers/ Angela’s Merkel government of losers]. ''Politico''. Retrieved February 9, 2018.</ref> Six months after the election, the German Bundestag voted to give Merkel a fourth term as chancellor with her "grand coalition" with the SPD.<ref>Multiple references:
*[https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/03/14/six-months-inconclusive-elections-angela-merkel-begins-historic-fourth-term-chancellor/ Six Months After Worst Ever Election Result Angela Merkel Begins Historic Fourth Term as Chancellor]. ''Breitbart News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/03/14/angela-merkel-elected-for-4th-term-as-german-chancellor.html Angela Merkel elected for 4th term as German chancellor]. ''Fox News''. March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Doubek, James (March 14, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/03/14/593412170/germanys-angela-merkel-begins-fourth-term-on-shaky-ground Germany's Angela Merkel Begins Fourth Term On Shaky Ground]. ''NPR''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
*Thomas, Andrea; Benoit, Bertrand (March 14, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/angela-merkel-begins-fourth-term-as-german-chancellor-1521022646 Angela Merkel Starts Fourth Term Facing Big Hurdles]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.</ref>
Merkel supports [[liberal]] and [[Globalism|globalist]] policies. She allowed her party members a free vote for legalizing [[same-sex "marriage"]]. In June 2017 the German parliament voted for legalizing
them, including some MPs from Merkel's party, although she herself voted against it.<ref>http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/angela-merkel-same-sex-marriage-vote-germany-legalisation-lgbt-rights-christian-democrat-man-woman-a7815846.html</ref> Her nation harshly opposes [[homeschooling]]. She supports the socialist and globalist [[European Union]] and open borders. Her left-wing policies contributed significantly to the [[European migrant crisis]]. Merkel opposes patriotic policies, such as building [[border wall]]s and advancing protectionism, opposes [[populism]], and supports [[globalism]].<ref>Deacon, Liam (January 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/01/24/merkel-davos-attacks-walls-poison-populism-defends-globalism/ Merkel at Davos: Attacks ‘Walls’ and ‘Poison’ of Populism, Defends Globalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 24, 2018.</ref>
fears that the EU has failed to define its common interests "for the ( commercial) battles of the future" now Europe's cold war priorities of keeping "peace and freedom" have been achieved. "This is where I think Europe needs to learn a lot, not to concentrate too much on whether bicycle paths are built the same way in Portugal and north- west Germany. "
Domestically, Merkel recognizes the need for change in the country's consensual model. "In Germany, we are always facing the danger that we are a little bit too slow. We have to speed up our changes."
Because of Merkel's [[open borders]] policies, more than 2.5 million refugees and migrants have flooded into Germany from outside Europe, migrants who do not share a common European heritage with their host country. In 2015 alone, Germany was invaded by nearly one million non-Western immigrants,<ref>[http://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2016/10/europe-immigration-muslim-refugees-portraits/ The New Europeans], Robert Kunzig, ''National Geographic'', October 2016</ref> more than double the size of Germany's standing and reserve military force. Merkel opposed setting an upper limit on the number of refugees Germany would allow in annually.<ref>Delcker, Janosch (October 2, 2017). [https://www.politico.eu/article/angela-merkel-germany-new-refugee-dilemma-bavaria-csu/ Angela Merkel’s new refugee dilemma]. ''Politico''. Retrieved October 3, 2017.</ref> It was reported in August 2017 that since 2015, when the [[European migrant crisis]] was at its height, the German
Prosecutor’s Office received over 1,000 criminal complaints accusing Merkel of high treason for her actions regarding refugees and immigration.<ref>Tomlinson, Chris (August 31, 2017). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/08/31/german-prosecutors-1000-criminal-complaints-merkel-high-treason/ Prosecutors Have Rejected 1,000 High Treason Charges Against Merkel For Migrant Crisis Since 2015]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 31, 2017.</ref> This represented a massive visible shift in her policies since 2010, when she actually stated that multicultural society had failed and that immigrants needed to do more to integrate, including learning German.<ref>(October 17, 2010). [https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-11559451 Merkel says German multicultural society has failed]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 16, 2018.</ref>
When discussing her options on how to counter the migrant crisis in 2015, Merkel quickly dismissed the notion of restoring border controls.<ref>Hale, Virginia (September 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/09/25/no-fences-merkels-migrant-crisis-vow/ ‘We Won’t Build Any Fences’: Interview Reveals Merkel’s Reaction to 2015 Migrant Crisis]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2018.</ref>
When the German Minister of Interior [[Horst Seehofer]] stated that [[Islam]] "does not belong in Germany,"<ref>
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-43422770</ref><ref>Huggler, Justin (March 16, 2018). [https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/16/german-interior-minister-declares-islam-does-not-belong-country/ German interior minister declares 'Islam does not belong' in the country]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel quickly responded by saying that "Islam belongs to Germany."<ref>Hale, Virginia (March 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/03/16/islam-belongs-germany-merkel-insists/ ‘Islam Belongs to Germany’, Merkel Insists After Minister Highlights Nation’s Christian Heritage]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref><ref>[https://www.thelocal.de/20180316/islam-doesnt-belong-to-germany-says-interior-minister-horst-seehofer Merkel contradicts interior minister, saying ‘Islam belongs to Germany’]. ''The Local''. March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> Merkel's globalist views on immigration and unwillingness to compromise conflicted with the relatively conservative views of Seehofer, something which endangered the coalition she created after the 2017 elections.<ref>Multiple references:*Irvine, Chris (June 15, 2018). [ http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/06/15/angela-merkels-german-government-facing-collapse-over-her-immigration-stance.html Angela Merkel's German government facing collapse over her immigration stance]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
*Tomlinson, Chris (June 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/06/16/longstanding-disagreements-on-migrant-policy-threaten-to-end-merkel-era/ New Migrant Crisis Threatens to Bring Down Merkel in 48 Hours]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
*Duke, Selwyn (June 18, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/29300-muslim-migration-may-topple-eu-starting-with-angela-merkel-s-government Muslim Migration May Topple EU — Starting With Angela Merkel’s Government]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-germany/defiant-merkel-backs-europe-migrant-policy-as-bavaria-row-simmers-idUSKBN1JC0CQ Defiant Merkel backs Europe migrant policy as Bavaria row simmers]. ''Reuters''. June 16, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/06/13/merkel-allies-heading-for-showdown-over-immigration-policy.html Merkel, allies heading for showdown over immigration policy]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018.</ref> Ultimately, they found a compromise which saw Merkel gain the upper hand.<ref>Multiple references:
*Lane, Oliver JJ (July 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/02/merkel-germany-coalition-limps-on-as-immigration-control-compromise-struck/ Merkel Germany Coalition Limps on as Immigration Control Compromise Struck]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
*Escritt, Thomas; Chambers, Madeline (July 2, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-germany/merkel-to-fight-another-day-after-settling-migration-row-idUSKBN1JS0NJ Merkel to fight another day after settling migration row]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
*Byas, Steve (July 3, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/29434-immigration-compromise-saves-merkel-government-in-germany-for-now Immigration Compromise Saves Merkel Government in Germany — for Now]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 3, 2018.</ref>
Merkel continued advancing policies increasing the number of migrants into Germany.<ref>Byas, Steve (October 3, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/30231-germany-s-merkel-favors-even-more-immigrants Germany’s Merkel Favors Even More Immigrants]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 3, 2018.</ref>
In 2011 Merkel opposed [[Israel]]'s settlement program in the [[West Bank]]
.<ref>Weiland, Severin. [http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/merkel-and-netanyahu-pledge-friendship-in-berlin-despite-differences-a-871458.html Merkel and Netanyahu Seek to Play Down Differences] ''[[Der Spiegel]]''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.</ref> After President Trump decided to leave the [[Iran nuclear deal]], Merkel explained that this deal ‘should never be called into question’ and wanted [[Iran]] to remain in it.<ref>(May 9, 2018). [https://www.thelocal.de/20180509/iran-nuclear-deal-should-never-be-called-in-question-says-merkel Iran nuclear deal ‘should never be called into question’, says Merkel] ''thelocal.de''. Retrieved August 9, 2018 .</ref>
==== Relations with Donald Trump ====
In October 2015, [[Donald Trump]] criticized Merkel's migration policy: "I love a safe zone for people. I do not like the migration. I do not like the people coming. Frankly, look, Europe is going to have to handle – but they're going to have riots in Germany. What's happening in Germany, I always thought Merkel was like this great leader. What she's done in Germany is insane. It is insane. They're having all sorts of attacks."<ref>Keneally, Meghan (July 6, 2017). [https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/trump-merkel/story?id=46198767 What Trump and Merkel have said about each other] ''ABC News''. Retrieved May 5, 2018.</ref> In April 2018, President Trump emphasized that he has a "really great relationship" with Chancellor Merkel. According to him they both "actually have had a great relationship from the beginning."<ref>Fredericks, Bob (April 27, 2018). [https://nypost.com/2018/04/27/trump-praises-great-relationship-with-merkel-during-white-house-visit/ Trump praises ‘great relationship’ with Merkel during White House visit] ''New York Post''. Retrieved May 8, 2018.</ref>