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Atheism and Alzheimer's disease

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*[http://www.motleyhealth.com/fitness/how-much-exercise-is-needed-to-get-fit-and-lose-weight How much exercise is needed to get fit and lose weight]
*[http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-causes/genes-and-obesity/ Genes Are Not Destiny] - [[Harvard University]] School of Public health
*[httphttps://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2013/09/04/the-6-weight-loss-tips-that-science-actually-knows-work/ The 6 Weight-Loss Tips That Science Actually Knows Work] - ''Forbes'', April 9, 2013*[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16002825 Long-term weight loss maintenance], ''American Journal of Clinical Nutrition'', 2005 July; 82(1 Suppl):222S-225S.
*[http://www.simplefitnesssolutions.com/articles/weight_loss.htm Strength Training For Weight Loss Success] by Deborah L. Mullen, CSCS
*[http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/weight-loss/in-depth/weight-loss/art-20047752 Weight loss strategies for success] - Mayo Clinic
Obesity/diet are linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease.<ref>[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180628151649.htm Obesity + aging linked to Alzheimer's markers in the brain], ''Science Daily'', June 28, 2018</ref><ref>[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29024348 Obesity as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease: weighing the evidence.] by Alford S, Patel D, Perakakis N, Mantzoros CS., ''Obesity Reviews''. 2018 Feb;19(2):269-280. doi: 10.1111/obr.12629. Epub 2017 Oct 10.</ref>
[[Secular Europe]] and [[communism|communist]] [[China]] have significant problems with [[obesity]] (see: [[Secular Europe and obesity]] and [[China and obesity]]). In addition, [[Australia]] has a significant problem with obesity (see: [[Australia, irreligion and obesity]]). In the [[United States]] at the present time, the greater the degree of irreligiosity in a generation, the [[Atheism and obesity#Irreligion/religion, generations in the United States and obesity|higher their obesity rate is]]. According to the [[Gallup poll|Gallup Inc.]], "Very religious Americans are more likely to practice healthy behaviors than those who are moderately religious or nonreligious."<ref>[httphttps://www.gallup.com/poll/145379/Religious-Americans-Lead-Healthier-Lives.aspx Very Religious Americans Lead Healthier Lives], Gallup Poll, 2010</ref> For more information, please see [[Atheism and obesity]].
== Irreligion, sedentary behavior and Alzheimer's disease ==
*[[Atheism and sedentary lifestyles#Secular Europe and sedentary lifestyles|Secular Europe and sedentary lifestyles]]
 
*[[Atheism and sedentary lifestyles#Australia and sedentary lifestyles|Australia and sedentary lifestyles]]
== Atheism, alcoholism, and Alzheimer's disease ==
=== Alcoholism and Alzheimer's disease ===
[[File:04656 market in Sanok.JPG|thumbnail|200px|right|[[Alcoholism]] was a serious social problem in the former atheistic [[Soviet Union]].<ref>[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18245818 Hazardous alcohol drinking in the former Soviet Union: a cross-sectional study of eight countries]</ref> Between 1940 and 1980, this [[atheist state]] had the largest increase of the amount of alcohol usage in the developed world.<ref>[http://isw.sagepub.com/content/35/4/441.extract Alcoholism in the Soviet Union]</ref> See also: [[Atheism and alcoholism]] ]]
The abstract for the 2018 journal article ''Transcriptome analysis of alcohol-treated microglia reveals downregulation of beta amyloid phagocytosis'' which was published in ''Journal of Neuroinflammation'' indicates: "Our results define alterations that occur to microglial gene expression following alcohol exposure and suggest that alcohol effects on phagocytosis could contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease."<ref>[https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-018-1184-7#Abs1 'Transcriptome analysis of alcohol-treated microglia reveals downregulation of beta amyloid phagocytosis]'' by Sergey Kalinin, Marta González-Prieto, Hannah Scheiblich, Lucia Lisi, Handojo Kusumo, Michael T. Heneka, Jose L. M. Madrigal, Subhash C. Pandey and Douglas L. Feinstein, Journal of Neuroinflammation. 201815:141,
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12974-018-1184-7</ref>
''See also:'' [[Atheistic China and alcoholism]]
[[China]] has the world's largest [[atheism|atheist]] population.<ref>[http://www.thechapmans.nl/news/Atheist.pdf Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics (Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref><ref>[httphttps://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/05/23/a-surprising-map-of-where-the-worlds-atheists-live/ A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live], ''Washington Post'' By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey May 23, 2013</ref>
In 2013, the [[World Health Organization]] (WHO) reported:
A recent national survey of drinking in China revealed that 55.6% of the men and 15.0% of the women were current drinkers. Among respondents who endorsed alcohol consumption, 62.7% of the men and 51.0% of the women reported excessive drinking, 26.3% and 7.8%, respectively, reported frequent drinking, and 57.3% and 26.6%, respectively, reported binge drinking. These figures show that China has experienced dramatic increases in the consumption of alcoholic beverages since the late 1970s and even the 1990s. High-risk drinking behaviour has reached epidemic proportions in China.<ref>[http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/91/4/12-107318/en/ Alcohol and alcohol-related harm in China: policy changes needed]</ref>}}
In 2011,'' The Guardian'' reported that there is a rise in binge drinking in China.<ref>[httphttps://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/aug/22/rise-of-binge-drinking-china The rise of binge drinking in China] by Tania Branigan, ''The Guardian'', 2011</ref>
==== Irreligious Australia and alcoholism ====
Those with a purpose had more than a 50 percent reduced risk of the disease, Dr. Patricia A. Boyle of Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and colleagues reported in the March issue of the journal Archives of General Psychiatry.<ref>[https://abcnews.go.com/Health/AlzheimersNews/purpose-life-stave-off-alzheimers/story?id=9986018 Living a Purposeful Life Can Stave Off Alzheimer's] by KRISTINA FIORE, ABC News, March 2, 2010</ref>}}
[[File:Depressed man.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Atheists have a higher suicide rate than [[theism|theists]].<ref>[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15569904 Religious affiliation and suicide rate]</ref><ref>[http://www.adherents.com/misc/religion_suicide.html Adherents.com - suicide rates]</ref> See: [[Atheism and suicide]] ]]
Under an [[atheist worldview]], there is no objective meaning or purpose in life.<ref>
*[http://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/can-life-have-meaning-without-god Can Life Have Meaning Without God?] by James Anderson
''See also:'' [[Irreligion in Australia]]
[[File:Flag of Australia.png|thumbnail|200px|[[Australia]]'s national IQ is 98.<ref name="CountryIQ">[https://iq-research.info/en/page/average-iq-by-country WORLD RANKING OF COUNTRIES BY THEIR AVERAGE]</ref> The ''Daily Mail'' reported in 2014, "Evidence suggests that the IQs of people in the [[UK]], [[Denmark]] and Australia have declined in the last decade."<ref>[httphttps://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2730791/Are-STUPID-Britons-people-IQ-decline.html Are we becoming more STUPID? IQ scores are decreasing - and some experts argue it's because humans have reached their intellectual peak], ''Daily Mail'', 2014</ref>]]
After [[WWII]], [[Australia]] has become a very [[secular]] country.<ref>Stephanie Painter, Vivienne Ryan and Bethany Hiatt, (15 June 2010). "[https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/a/7399215/australians-losing-the-faith/ Australians losing the faith]". Newspaper. West Australian Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 15 June 2010</ref>
Atheism, as defined by the ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'', the ''Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy'', and other [[philosophy]] reference works, is the denial of the existence of [[God]].<ref>Multiple references:
*Smart, J. J. C. (August 8, 2011). [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/atheism-agnosticism "Atheism and agnosticism"]. ''The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Spring 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved July 17, 2014.
*Sarfati, Jonathan, Ph.D. (23 June 2007). [httphttps://creation.com/atheism-is-more-rational "Atheism is more rational?"]. Retrieved July 17, 2014. See [[Creation Ministries International]], [[Jonathan Sarfati]].
*Day, Donn R. (2007). [http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/athart3.htm "Atheism - etymology"]. Retrieved July 15, 2014.</ref>
As you can see above, the social scientists at the General Social Survey do not define as strictly as encyclopedias of [[philosophy]] and many other reference works.<ref>Multiple references:
*Smart, J. J. C. (August 8, 2011). [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/atheism-agnosticism "Atheism and agnosticism"]. ''The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Spring 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved July 17, 2014.
*Sarfati, Jonathan, Ph.D. (23 June 2007). [httphttps://creation.com/atheism-is-more-rational "Atheism is more rational?"]. Retrieved July 17, 2014. See [[Creation Ministries International]], [[Jonathan Sarfati]].
*Day, Donn R. (2007). [http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/athart3.htm "Atheism - etymology"]. Retrieved July 15, 2014.</ref> As a result, in reporting their survey results there is some overlap with individuals who some may consider to be merely agnostics.
{{cquote|Never forget that the smarter and more knowledgeable act put on by many atheists is inevitably nothing more than that, an act, and one that has absolutely no basis in empirical reality except for a three-point average advantage in IQ which is almost surely a statistical artifact of their insignificant numbers and self-selected identification.<ref>[http://voxday.blogspot.com/2010/04/always-call-their-bluff.html Always call their bluff]</ref>}}
=== Intelligence trends in religious countries and secular countries and Alzheimer's disease ===
''See also:'' [[Intelligence trends in religious countries and secular countries]]
Michael Blume, a researcher at the University of Jena in Germany, wrote about the sub-replacement level of fertility among [[Atheist Population|atheistic populations]]: "Most societies or communities that have espoused atheistic beliefs have not survived more than a century."<ref>[http://www.scilogs.eu/en/blog/biology-of-religion/2011-01-06/atheists-a-dying-breed-as-nature-favours-faithful-sunday-times-jan-02-2011-jonathan-leake-full-draft-version Atheist: A dying breed as nature favours faithful]</ref> Blume also indicated concerning concerning his research on this matter: "What I found was the complete lack of a single case of a secular population, community or movement that would just manage to retain replacement level."<ref>[http://www.scilogs.eu/en/blog/biology-of-religion/2011-01-06/atheists-a-dying-breed-as-nature-favours-faithful-sunday-times-jan-02-2011-jonathan-leake-full-draft-version Atheist: A dying breed as nature favours faithful]</ref> See also: [[Atheism and sexuality]]
Professor [[Eric Kaufmann]]'s academic work and his book ''Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?'' argue using a wealth of demographic data that due to the higher birth rates of religious conservatives (and the below replacement level of the irreligious) and religious immigration to the [[Western World]], atheism/secularism will decline in the Western World as early as 2021 or by 2050.<ref>[http://www.sneps.net/RD/uploads/1-Shall%20the%20Religious%20Inherit%20the%20Earth.pdf Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London]</ref><ref>[http://kitmantv.blogspot.com/2011/05/eric-kaufmann-shall-religious-inherit.html Eric Kaufmann: Shall The Religious Inherit The Earth?]</ref><ref>[http://kitmantv.blogspot.com/search/label/atheist%20demographics Eric Kaufmann's Atheist Demographic series]</ref><ref>[httphttps://forawww.tv/2010/09/05youtube.com/Eric_Kaufmann_Shall_the_Religious_Inherit_the_Earth watch?v=VwmgFZsgSo0 Eric Kaufmann: Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?, Australian Broadcasting Corporation]</ref>
As noted above, in his paper, ''The Rise and Fall of the World's IQ'', Thomas Hally wrote:
As noted above, in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Great Britain and Australia phenotypic intelligence has stabilized and now is declining.<ref>[https://www.academia.edu/1203173/The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_World_1_ ''The Rise and Fall of the World's IQ''] by Thomas Hally</ref>}}
As noted above, the ''Daily Mail'' reported in 2014, "Evidence suggests that the IQs of people in the [[UK]], [[Denmark]] and Australia have declined in the last decade."<ref>[httphttps://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2730791/Are-STUPID-Britons-people-IQ-decline.html Are we becoming more STUPID? IQ scores are decreasing - and some experts argue it's because humans have reached their intellectual peak], ''Daily Mail'', 2014</ref>
[[File:Flag of Denmark.png|thumbnail|left|200px|In godless [[Denmark]], phenotypic intelligence is now declining.<ref>[https://www.academia.edu/1203173/The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_World_1_ ''The Rise and Fall of the World's IQ''] by Thomas Hally</ref> ]]
*[[Atheism and obesity]]
*[[Atheism and mental illness]]
*[[Atheism and cancer]]
*[[Atheism and diabetes]]
*[[Atheism and cancer]]
== References ==