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Atheism and Alzheimer's disease

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*[http://www.motleyhealth.com/fitness/how-much-exercise-is-needed-to-get-fit-and-lose-weight How much exercise is needed to get fit and lose weight]
*[http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesity-causes/genes-and-obesity/ Genes Are Not Destiny] - [[Harvard University]] School of Public health
*[httphttps://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2013/09/04/the-6-weight-loss-tips-that-science-actually-knows-work/ The 6 Weight-Loss Tips That Science Actually Knows Work] - ''Forbes'', April 9, 2013*[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16002825 Long-term weight loss maintenance], ''American Journal of Clinical Nutrition'', 2005 July; 82(1 Suppl):222S-225S.
*[http://www.simplefitnesssolutions.com/articles/weight_loss.htm Strength Training For Weight Loss Success] by Deborah L. Mullen, CSCS
*[http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/weight-loss/in-depth/weight-loss/art-20047752 Weight loss strategies for success] - Mayo Clinic
=== Alcoholism and Alzheimer's disease ===
[[File:04656 market in Sanok.JPG|thumbnail|200px|right|[[Alcoholism]] was a serious social problem in the former atheistic [[Soviet Union]].<ref>[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18245818 Hazardous alcohol drinking in the former Soviet Union: a cross-sectional study of eight countries]</ref> Between 1940 and 1980, this [[atheist state]] had the largest increase of the amount of alcohol usage in the developed world.<ref>[http://isw.sagepub.com/content/35/4/441.extract Alcoholism in the Soviet Union]</ref> See also: [[Atheism and alcoholism]] ]]
The abstract for the 2018 journal article ''Transcriptome analysis of alcohol-treated microglia reveals downregulation of beta amyloid phagocytosis'' which was published in ''Journal of Neuroinflammation'' indicates: "Our results define alterations that occur to microglial gene expression following alcohol exposure and suggest that alcohol effects on phagocytosis could contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease."<ref>[https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-018-1184-7#Abs1 'Transcriptome analysis of alcohol-treated microglia reveals downregulation of beta amyloid phagocytosis]'' by Sergey Kalinin, Marta González-Prieto, Hannah Scheiblich, Lucia Lisi, Handojo Kusumo, Michael T. Heneka, Jose L. M. Madrigal, Subhash C. Pandey and Douglas L. Feinstein, Journal of Neuroinflammation. 201815:141,
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12974-018-1184-7</ref>
''See also:'' [[Atheistic China and alcoholism]]
[[China]] has the world's largest [[atheism|atheist]] population.<ref>[http://www.thechapmans.nl/news/Atheist.pdf Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics (Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref><ref>[httphttps://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/05/23/a-surprising-map-of-where-the-worlds-atheists-live/ A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live], ''Washington Post'' By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey May 23, 2013</ref>
In 2013, the [[World Health Organization]] (WHO) reported:
Those with a purpose had more than a 50 percent reduced risk of the disease, Dr. Patricia A. Boyle of Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and colleagues reported in the March issue of the journal Archives of General Psychiatry.<ref>[https://abcnews.go.com/Health/AlzheimersNews/purpose-life-stave-off-alzheimers/story?id=9986018 Living a Purposeful Life Can Stave Off Alzheimer's] by KRISTINA FIORE, ABC News, March 2, 2010</ref>}}
[[File:Depressed man.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Atheists have a higher suicide rate than [[theism|theists]].<ref>[httphttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15569904 Religious affiliation and suicide rate]</ref><ref>[http://www.adherents.com/misc/religion_suicide.html Adherents.com - suicide rates]</ref> See: [[Atheism and suicide]] ]]
Under an [[atheist worldview]], there is no objective meaning or purpose in life.<ref>
*[http://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/can-life-have-meaning-without-god Can Life Have Meaning Without God?] by James Anderson
Atheism, as defined by the ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'', the ''Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy'', and other [[philosophy]] reference works, is the denial of the existence of [[God]].<ref>Multiple references:
*Smart, J. J. C. (August 8, 2011). [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/atheism-agnosticism "Atheism and agnosticism"]. ''The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Spring 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved July 17, 2014.
*Sarfati, Jonathan, Ph.D. (23 June 2007). [httphttps://creation.com/atheism-is-more-rational "Atheism is more rational?"]. Retrieved July 17, 2014. See [[Creation Ministries International]], [[Jonathan Sarfati]].
*Day, Donn R. (2007). [http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/athart3.htm "Atheism - etymology"]. Retrieved July 15, 2014.</ref>
As you can see above, the social scientists at the General Social Survey do not define as strictly as encyclopedias of [[philosophy]] and many other reference works.<ref>Multiple references:
*Smart, J. J. C. (August 8, 2011). [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/atheism-agnosticism "Atheism and agnosticism"]. ''The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy'' (Spring 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved July 17, 2014.
*Sarfati, Jonathan, Ph.D. (23 June 2007). [httphttps://creation.com/atheism-is-more-rational "Atheism is more rational?"]. Retrieved July 17, 2014. See [[Creation Ministries International]], [[Jonathan Sarfati]].
*Day, Donn R. (2007). [http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/athart3.htm "Atheism - etymology"]. Retrieved July 15, 2014.</ref> As a result, in reporting their survey results there is some overlap with individuals who some may consider to be merely agnostics.
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