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United Kingdom Independence Party

7,066 bytes added, 12:35, 31 October 2019
Removed key people section seeing as their are no key figures at the moment. Added a section in its place about the recent leadership crisis.
{{PoliticalParty | party_name = United Kingdom Independence Party | party_logo = | website = [http://www.ukip.org/ ukip.org] | leader = ''Vacant'' | Parleader = | foundation = September 3, 1993 | ideology = [[Euroskepticism]] | position = [[Conservatism]]<br>[[Libertarianism]]<br>[[Right-wing populist]]<br>[[Nationalism]] | international = none | colors = purple, yellow | footnotes =}}[[File:FarageUKIP campaigning in Newport High Street.jpg|300px|thumb|200px|UKIPcandidate Stephen West campaigning in Newport, Isle of Wight for Hampshire Police & Crime Commissioner in 2012.]]The '''United Kingdom Independence Party'''s leader, Nigel Faragealso known by the acronym '''UKIP''' (pronounced "you-kip", wants its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a [[conservative]] and [[Euroskeptic]] political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European Union]] (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to take Britain out the surrender of Europe British [[sovereignty]]. The party was dominated by [[Nigel Farage]], who served on-and cut -off immigrationas party leader from its creation until 2016. Prior to the 2016 [[Brexit]]referendum, it was also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47,000 members.
The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''==Political influence==UKIP's top goal, also known by of leaving the acronym '''UKIP'''EU, is a was achieved when the British political party. Founded people voted to leave the EU in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European UnionBrexit|a referendum]] held on June 23, 2016.<ref>Armstrong, Paul (EUJuly 15, 2016). Its support[https://www.cnn.com/2016/06/24/europe/eu-base is made up substantially of rightreferendum-wing voters disaffected from other parties nigel-farage/ Nigel Farage: Arch-eurosceptic and fearful of Europe and immigrationBrexit 'puppet master']. ''CNN''. Retrieved October 4, 2016. </ref>
In Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage is arguably the most successful British Parliament, UKIP has one representative, Bob Spink, in Commons (having won only 2.4% politician of the vote in the 2005 general election) modern age for successfully advocating and 2 members in then winning a referendum for leaving the EU.<ref>[[House of Lords]https://www.breitbart.com/big-journalism/2016/06/24/buzzfeed-nigel-farage-britains-successful-politician-generation/ BuzzFeed: Nigel Farage ‘Britain’s Most Successful Politician in a Generation’]. However it did well and won 16% of the vote and 12 of the UK's 78 seats 'Breitbart''. June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.</ref> He noted in the 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister [[European ParliamentTheresa May]] in had adopted the 2004 European electionsexact same political positions as he had a few years earlier.<ref>Merrick, Rob (May 7, 2017). [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/election-latest-nigel-farage-theresa-may-stolen-ukip-policies-brussels-bashing-immigration-a7722346.html Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has stolen all his policies]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved May 7, 2017.</ref>
==Political positions and stances==[[File:Nigel Farage of UKIP's present leader, .jpg|thumb|250px|left|Nigel Farage, is attempting to present in 2008. Farage successfully supported taking Britain out of the party as having a broad political agenda extending beyond withdrawal from the [[EU, and he supports limiting immigration, small government, and British sovereignty.]]Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. Consistently with this aimIt now has policies on tax, defence, he is seeking to shorten the party's name to "the Independence Party"health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.
UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who fear Britain is being swallowed up by Europe are critical of the centralized and must fight back. Its bitter rival was undemocratic structure of the less respected right-wing "British National Party", which has faded away in the polls as UKIP grow[[EU]]. UKIP has endorsed a [[libertarian]] British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax of 33% and opposes national identity cards. It rejects environmentalismis sceptical of the more extreme claims of [[AGW]] and critical of carbon-permits and other EU environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful.<ref>http://www.ukip.org/page/ukip-manifesto</ref> UKIP opposes laws restricting freedom of speech, including on the internet.<ref>Deacon, Liam (July 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/03/ukip-joins-free-speech-savetheinternet-fight-forces-eu-parliament-vote/ Article 13: UKIP Joins Pro-Free Speech #SaveTheInternet Fight, Forces EU Parliament Vote]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 3, 2018. </ref>
In 2017, UKIP added banning the [[burqa]] and [[Sharia Law]] to its agenda.<ref>Deacon, Liam (April 23, 2017). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/04/23/ukip-promises-to-ban-the-burqa-and-sharia-law/ UKIP Promises to Ban the Burqa and Sharia Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 24, 2017.</ref>
 
UKIP is frequently accused by the [[establishment]] and leftists of being a "racist" party and is associated with racist parties by the liberal media, such as the [[politically correct]] TV networks (such as the [[BBC]]) and newspapers (such as ''[[The Guardian]]''). Most claims of UKIP being "racist" are defended by pointing to a couple of minor disgraced UKIP councillors or party members – these people have often been expelled from the party. UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 elections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities.<ref>http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref>
 
==Leadership crisis==
Gerard Batten's term as leader of UKIP ended on 2 June 2019, triggering a leadership election, which he announced he would be standing in. UKIP's National Executive Committee prohibited him from doing so, on the grounds that he had "brought the party into disrepute" over his links with [[Tommy Robinson]]. Richard Braine, a supporter of Batten's previous leadership, was elected as leader on the 10 August 2019, only to resign from the party leadership in the following October, citing the NEC's "purge" of party members (who were loyal to Batten). The position of leader is now vacant.
 
==Incomplete list of election results==
In the 2008 European elections, UKIP came second, with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the [[European Parliament]]. In the Parliamentary election of May 6, 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently in support for [[proportional representation]], forging an unlikely alliance with the Green Party of England and Wales (an eco-socialist party) and the [[Liberal Democrats]] (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its policies come from the social democratic – ''i.e.'' [[socialist]] – trend). UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].
 
In 2013, UKIP achieved a milestone in the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across the UK adding to the 50-60 councillors that were already in place.
 
The 2014 European Parliament elections were a milestone for UKIP, as the received 27.49% of the vote as well as 24 seats, making it the largest UK party sitting the EU parliament, both in popular votes and seats, even larger than the Conservative and Labor parties.<ref>[https://www.bbc.com/news/events/vote2014/eu-uk-results UK European election results]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 8, 2016.</ref>
 
Despite claims that UKIP was a "protest vote" in the European elections due to their avid euroscepticism, UKIP won 12.9% of the popular vote in the 2015 General Election in the United Kingdom. However, due to the inconsistent electoral system in the United Kingdom, they received just 1 seat out of 650. It has less than 500 councillors out of 20,000 and 3 (out of 780) members of the House of Lords. Under a system of [[proportional representation]], UKIP would have 82 seats, instead of just 1.<ref>McKernan, Bethan. [http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/heres-how-the-election-results-would-look-under-a-proportional-voting-system--gJenQmaW2gW Here's how the election results would look under a proportional voting system] ''The Independent''. Published May 2015</ref>
 
The party's support sharply fell after the successful Brexit referendum in 2016, with most of its voters returning to the Conservative Party.<ref>Multiple references:
*Deacon, Liam (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/local-elections-ukip-suffers-wipeout-corbyn-labour-stalls/ Local Elections: UKIP Suffers Wipeout as Corbyn’s Labour Stalls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
*Jasper, William F. (May 4, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/28974-uk-elections-brexit-sabotage-ukip-s-collapse UK Elections, Brexit Sabotage, UKIP’s Collapse]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
See also:
*Delingpole, James (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/ukip-compares-itself-to-black-death/ Delingpole: The UKIP/Black Death Story Is Classic SJW Dirty Tricks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref>
 
==See also==
*[[Brexit Party]]
*[[European migrant crisis]]
UKIP is a protest party that sometimes does poorly in elections for the British Parliament but does well in elections to the European Parliament, which it denounces as the enemy to Britain. Polls in mid-May 2009 show it may get 17% of the vote in the June 2009 elections.
==Further reading==
* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [httphttps://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search]* Margetts, H. et al. "Latent Support for the Far-Right in British Politics: The BNP and UKIP in the 2004 European and London Elections" (2004) scholarly paper [http://www.ipeg.org.uk/papers/latentsupport210405b.pdf online edition]
==References==
<references/>
==External links==
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
[[Category:British Political PartiesUKIP]][[Category:Conservatism]][[Category:Libertarianism]][[Category:Euroskepticism]][[Category:Nationalism]]
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