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Charles Fairbanks

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'''Charles Fairbanks''' '''(1852 - 1918)''' was [[Theodore Roosevelt]]'s [[Vice President of the United States of America|Vice President]] from 1905 AD to 1909 AD. [[Fairbanks]], [[Alaska]] is named in his honor. Before becoming Vice-President Fairbanks was a Senator from Indiana from 1897-1905 <ref></ref>
[[Charles Fairbanks]], the son of Loriston Fairbanks and Mary Adelaide Smith, was born in a modest log cabin in Ohio.<ref>[ Senate History]</ref>. Loriston Fairbanks was a farmers and a wagon maker who was active member of the [[Union County, Ohio]] Agricultural Board, but were considered relatively well off in comparison to their region.
The young [[Charles Fairbanks]] attended college at Ohio Wesleyan, graduating eighth in a class of forty four. He went on to receive a [[law degree]] from [[Cleveland Law School]], taking only six months to complete all of his courses and pass the bar.<ref>[Herbert J. Rissler, "Charles Warren Fairbanks: Conservative Hoosier," (Ph.D. dissertation, IndianaUniversity, 1961), p. 5-27]</ref>.
In 1904, now Senator [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]], a close friend to assassinated [[William McKinley|President McKinley]] had aspirations for the [[Presidency]] and thought the easiest route to fulfilling them would be to serve as then [[Theodore Roosevelt|President Roosevelt]]'s [[Vice President of the United States of America|Vice President]]. As such, his supporters made sure to nominate him for the position and were successful.
In 1908, after [[Theodore Roosevelt|Roosevelt]] announced his retirement but decided to hand pick his successor. [[Theodore Roosevelt|Roosevelt]], held [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] in disdain, often mentioning his choices for successor in front of him, while leaving his name out.<ref>[ Senate History]</ref>. [[Theodore Roosevelt|Roosevelt]] initially favored [[Secretary of State]] [[Elihu Root]]. However, [[Elihu Root|Root]]'s age and background in corporate law did not work in his favor, causing [[Theodore Roosevelt|Roosevelt]] to support his friend and [[Secretary of War]] [[William Howard Taft]]. Nonetheless, support for [[Charles Fairbanks]] remained widespread and far surpassed that of another contender, [[Charles Evans Hughes]], who would win nomination 8 years later.
After leaving office in 1909, [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] returned to Indiana, where he remained only marginally involved in politics. In 1916, his name was put forward again for nomination. This time [[Charles Evans Hughes]] was nominated, but [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] was nominated for [[Vice President of the United States of America|Vice President]] on the first ballot ,<ref>[ibid. Rissler, pp. 265-66]</ref>, despite his clear request not to be nominated for same. Throughout the campaign of [[1916]] [[Charles Evans Hughes]] and [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] campaigned for a return to the protective tariffs lifted by [[Woodrow Wilson|Wilson]]. The ticket lost narrowly, but many credit [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] with having kept [[Indiana]] in the [[Republican]] column.
In the couple of years that followed, [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] remained active in the causes of conservation and actively supported the [[Liberty Loans]] campaign for the military. He also made several visits to army bases to encourage the troops. [[Charles Fairbanks|Fairbanks]] passed away on June 14, 1918 in [[Indianapolis]], [[Indiana]].
[[Category:Former United States Senators]]
{{DEFAULTSORT: Fairbanks, Charles}}[[categoryCategory: Vice Presidents of the United States]]
[[Category:Republican Party]]
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