Farage.jpg|thumb| 200px|Prominant UKIP MEP, Nigel Farage, wants to take Britain out of Europe and cut off immigration]]
The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''', also known by the acronym '''UKIP''', is a British political party. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for [[ British]] withdrawal from the [[European Union]] ( EU). Its support- base is made up substantially of right- wing voters opposed to the surrender of British sovereignty. The current leader of UKIP is [[House of Lords]] member Lord Pearson of Rannoch.
In the 2008 European elections UKIP came second. with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK' s 78 seats in the [[ European Parliament]] In the Parliamentary election of May 6th 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still got no MPs. This makes them the largest unrepresented party in the UK. UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].
's former leader, Nigel Farage , is attempting to present the party as having a broad political agenda extending beyond withdrawal from the [[EU]]. Consistent with this aim, he is seeking to shorten the party's name to "the Independence Party".
UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who
fear Britain is being swallowed up by Europe and must fight back. Its bitter rival was the neo-Nazi [[ British National Party]] , which has faded away in the polls as a respectable image helped UKIP grow. UKIP has endorsed a [[libertarian]] economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax of 33% and opposes national identity cards. It rejects environmentalism.
* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [
http://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search] * Margetts, H. et al. "Latent Support for the Far-Right in British Politics: The BNP and UKIP in the 2004 European and London Elections" (2004) scholarly paper [http:/ /www.ipeg.org.uk/papers/latentsupport210405b.pdf online edition]
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
British Political Parties]]