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Charismatic movement

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'''Charismatic [[Charism]]atic movement''', or '''Charismatic renewal''', refers to spirit-filled worship services and masses [[Mass (liturgy)|Masses]] (e.g., integration of [[Third-force Christianity]]) within certain Christian denominations.
It is sometimes considered a synonym for [[Pentecostal]]ism; however, the two differ in that while all Pentecostals would fall within the charismatic movement, not all who are charismatics are Pentecostals. There are charismatics within Evangelical, mainline, and even Catholic churches. The distinctive characteristic of early Methodism in the United States that most appealed to people and resulted in conversions and joining the Methodist Church was not a theological concept, such as Arminianism, but rather was "enthusiasm," including dreams, visions, supernatural impressions, miraculous healings, [[Speaking in tongues]], swoons, and trances.<ref> John H. Wigger, "Taking Heaven by Storm: Enthusiasm and Early American Methodism, 1770-1820" ''Journal of the Early Republic'' 1994 14(2): 167-194 [ in JSTOR]</ref>
Inspired by revivalist and fundamentalist movements, the Pentecostal movement was founded in Topeka, Kansas, by Charles F. Parham, a Methodist preacher. The most prominent occurrence in the early history of Pentecostalism was the 1906-09 Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles. This event was marked by great emotional excitement, relatively brief interracial harmony, and an obsession with speaking in tongues and healing. It was touched off by the preaching of William J. Seymour, a black preacher who had absorbed Patham's teachings. Glossolalia became a central issue in it, as a criterion for baptism. It was organized into the [[Assemblies of God]] which founded many missions.
In a relatively recent phenomenonyears, it [[Speaking in tongues]] and the demonstration of other Charismatic practices has spread to become common in some [[Roman Catholic]], [[EpiscopalianEpiscopal]], [[Lutheran]], and [[Presbyterian]] churches. [[Speaking in tongues]] is common.
In 1967 the emergence of Catholic Pentecostalism surprised many inside and outside the Church. Its origin was among thousands of Catholic lay leaders. This movement's beginning is marked by Catholics publically publicly speaking in tongues. <ref>Vinson Synan, ''The Holiness-Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century.'' (Eerdmans, 1997). 340 pp., page 240, 243 </ref>
==Further reading==
* Dunn, James D G. [http ''Baptism in the Holy Spirit: A Re-examination of the New Testament Teaching on the Gift of the Spirit in Relation to Pentecostalism Today.''] SCM Press, 1970.
* Horn, William M. "Speaking in Tongues: a Retrospective Appraisal." ''Lutheran Quarterly'' 1965 17(4): 316-329 14p
* Synan, Vinson. ''The Holiness-Pentecostal Movement in the United States.'' (Eerdmans, 1971). 248 pp.
* Synan, Vinson. [http ''The Holiness-Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century.''] (Eerdmans, 1997). 340 pp.
* Hamilton, Michael P. (Ed.). ''The Charismatic Movement'' (Eerdmans, 1975). 194 pp.
* Williams, J. Rodman. ''The Pentecostal Reality: A Prominent theologian takes a hard look at the Charismatic in the Charismatic Renewal''. (Logos International, 1972). 109 pp. favorable ([[Presbyterian]] perspective) [ online edition]
==see See also==
* [[Pentecostalism]]
* [[Pietism]]
* [[They Speak with Other Tongues]]