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New South Wales

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[[Image:Cezanne Les Bords de la Marne.JPG|thumb|A masterpiece by French impressionist Paul Cézanne has been bought for a record $16.2 million by the Art Gallery of NSW, in its most ambitious purchase ever.]]
'''New South Wales''' (abbreviated as NSW) is [[Australia]]'s oldest and most populous state. It was the first British colony in what is now Australia, established in 1788as a British colony. The capital city is [[Sydney]]. New South Wales contains one third of Australia's population and one tenth of Australia's landmass.
==HistoryTerritory==Originally, New South Wales included the whole of the Australian mainland east of current [[Western Australia]]. When new colonies were founded in [[Brisbane]], [[Adelaide]] and [[Melbourne]], sections of New South Wales were carved out to be adminstered by the new colonies as [[Queensland]], [[South Australia]] and [[Victoria]], respectively. The [[Northern Territory]] was also carved out to be adminstered initially by the South Australian government. Modern day New South Wales is the fourth largest of Australia's six states. Stuart Peterson explored the region in great length in 1839. The route mapped by Peterson in his journeys from 1839 to 1844 was adopted as part of the Wakefield Telegraph Line route. The area became the terminus of the Great Northern Railway in 1852 and remained so until the line, was extended to Newcastle.
The current boundaries Originally, New South Wales included the whole of the state are with Victoria to Australian mainland east of the south133th [[meridian]] east, South Australia which was extended to the west and Queensland to the north129th meridian east in 1826. It also completely surrounds the other states were gradually separated from New South Wales. New colonies were founded in [[Australian Capital TerritoryHobart]], [[Brisbane]], [[Adelaide]] and the land side of the [[Jervis Bay TerritoryMelbourne]].==Transport==A siding platform was built , and so sections of New South Wales were carved out to be administered by the NSW Railway Department in 1927 new colonies as [[Van Diemen's Land]] (later renamed [[Tasmania]]), [[Queensland]], [[South Australia]] and given the name Yennora[[Victoria]], respectively. The public school [[Northern Territory]] was opened in 1955 and the Wool Stores were also established here in 1871as a separate colony, but was annexed by South Australia. Modern day New South Wales is the fourth largest of Australia's six states.
The current boundaries of the state are with Victoria to the south, South Australia to the west and Queensland to the north. It also completely surrounds the [[Australian Capital Territory]] and the land side of the [[Jervis Bay Territory]].
==Politics==
New South Wales has its own [[bicameral parliament ]] with a lower house (the New South Wales Legislative Assembly) and an upper house (the New South Wales Legislative Council). The lower house has 93 members representing each of the 93 single member-electoral districts, a format similar to that of the [[Australian House of Representatives]]. The upper house has 42 members elected on the basis of proportional representation. Like the [[Australian Senate]], it has more members from minor parties.
'''Current Composition'''
'''Legislative Assembly -- 93 Assembly—93 members''' <br><br>
* [[Australian Labor Party]] -- 51 members or 55%
* [[Liberal Party of Australia]] -- 23 members or 25%
* [[National Party of Australia]] -- 13 members or 14%
* [[Independent]] -- 6 members or 6% <br><br>
'''Legislative Council -- 42 members''' <br><br>
* [[Australian Labor Party]] -- 19 —20 members or 4555%* [[Liberal Party of Australia]] -- 10 —51 members or 2425%* [[National Party of Australia]] -- 5 —18 members or 1214%* [[Australian GreensIndependent]] -- 4 —3 members or 10%* [[Shooters Party]] -- 2 members or 5%* [[Christian Democrats]] -- 1 member or 2%* [[Family First Party]] -- 1 member or 26%
The NSW ALP branch is currently in power, but have been heavily criticized in the media and in the general public due to factional wars and the debt accumulated in recent years. There have been four premiers in as many years. On 3 December 2009 Kristina Keneally was elected leader of the Labour Party and ultimately premier, beating Nathan Rees who himself succeeded Morris Iemma after he resigned when his bill to privatize the states electricity was rejected by the majority of delegates within his own party. <ref>http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/05/03/2234589.htm</ref> She is the first American-born Austrian and the first woman to hold that position. Recent polls have placed her party at low levels--in some case close to 25% on primary votes. <ref>http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/opinion/sack-the-nsw-labor-executive-before-its-too-late/story-e6frg6zo-1225816066089</ref> <ref>http://news.theage.com.au/breaking-news-national/nsw-labor-to-be-wiped-out-at-poll-union-20091204-kap7.html</ref>.
'''Legislative Council—42 members'''    * [[Australian Labor Party]]—14 members or 45%* [[Liberal Party of Australia]]—12 members or 24%* [[National Party of Australia]]—7 members or 12%* [[Australian Greens]]—5 members or 10%* [[Shooters Party]]—2 members or 5%* [[Christian Democrats]]—2 member or 2%  The NSW ALP branch lost power in 2011 in a landslide victory for the Liberal-National [[coalition]], with a swing of over 16.5%. Foreshadowing their upcoming defeat in the federal election. There have been four premiers in as many years. On 3 December 2009 Kristina Keneally was elected leader of the Labour Party and ultimately premier, beating Nathan Rees who himself succeeded Morris Iemma after he resigned when his bill to privatize the states electricity was rejected by the majority of delegates within his own party.<ref>http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/05/03/2234589.htm</ref> She is the first American-born Austrian and the first woman to hold that position. Recent polls have placed her party at low levels—in some case close to 25% on primary votes.<ref>http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/opinion/sack-the-nsw-labor-executive-before-its-too-late/story-e6frg6zo-1225816066089</ref><ref>http://news.theage.com.au/breaking-news-national/nsw-labor-to-be-wiped-out-at-poll-union-20091204-kap7.html</ref>  ==Economy== The NSW economy is worth $359.9 billion per year,<ref>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html</ref> representing less than one third of Australia's total.  A recent study has labelled the economy of NSW the worst in the country, having grown at only 0.2% compared to the national average of 1.1%. The region's share of the national economy has fallen from 36% during the 2000 Sydney [[Olympics]] to 32% in June, 2009 <ref>http://www.smh.com.au/business/nsw-still-the-dunce-in-the-economy-class-20100111-m2nq.html</ref>  The economy has been heavily impacted by the Labor Parties instability, continually changing leadership and high taxes.<ref>http://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw-last-in-ranking-of-state-economies-20100110-m0ty.html</ref>
==References==
<references/>
{{Australian States}}
[[Category:Australia]]
[[Category:Australian States and Territories]]
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