Changes

Jump to: navigation, search

Deism

3,154 bytes added, 15 February
Removed protection from "[[Deism]]": unlocked as requested
'''Deism''' is the combination of belief in a transcendent Creator the intuition of the [[transcendence]] of God and the belief that God cannot, or , at least, does not, interact with, nor otherwise involve Himself in, the Creation. In its mildest form, Deism is nearly equivalent to a belief that no one can truly know whether there is a God or not (contrasted with [[agnosticismpantheism]]). In its strongest form, Deism in that pantheism is a systematic religion the combination of rejecting all claims to a personal, or otherwise involved, God, belief in an omnipresent Creator God and the belief that God 's [[omnipresence]] implies that God ''is supposed incapable, by His transcendence, of any kind of interaction with '' the Creation.
In its typical modern mildest form, deism Deism is anti-nearly equivalent to a belief that no one can truly know whether there is a God or not ([[Christianagnosticism]]). In its strongest form, as it denies the divinity Deism is a systematic religion of [[Jesus Christ]]rejecting all claims to a personal, or otherwise involved, rejects the Bible (and all other texts) as God's scripture, and denies his signs and miracles to men. It lacks any coherent morality, and is an excuse to claim to be religious while engaging in immoral liberal activity. Thus it that God is a favorite supposed incapable, by His transcendence, of [[liberals]] who do not want to be branded any kind of interaction with atheismthe Creation.
In its typical modern form, deism is anti-[[Christian]], as it denies the divinity of [[Jesus Christ]], rejects the Bible (and all other texts) as God's scripture, and denies his signs and miracles to men. It lacks any coherent morality, and is an excuse to claim to be religious while engaging in immoral activity. Thus it is a favorite of [[liberals]] who do not want to be branded with atheism. Deism is also only a short step away from [[atheism]], and deistic beliefs often create a slippery slope to atheism{{fact}}. This is a common tactic of atheist evangelists: first convince a Christian that God has left the world alone, and then deny the necessity of God. They Atheism and Deism are , for the most part, morally and cosmologically equivalent, given God's presumed inaction of any moral and cosmological revelation, an exception being that Atheism more easily permits worship of man by man while Deism holds that God is greater than man.
== Origins ==
In ancient times, [[Aristotle]] was a deist as is evident from his arguments for a ''prime mover'' in his writing, ''Metaphysics''. Even though the word ''deism'' was not yet coined, he still believed what deists believe: that God exists and is knowable through natural reason. <ref>http://www.logicmuseum.com/ontological/aristotleontological.htm</ref>
 
The founder of the offshoot of that found a place in [[England]] during the [[Reformation]] and reached the colonies was [[Lord Herbert of Cherbury]]. <ref>http://www.theologicalstudies.org/what_is_deism.html</ref> He came up with 5 essentials of Deism which are "(1) a belief in the existence of the Deity, (2) the obligation to reverence such a power, (3) the identification of worship with practical morality, (4) the obligation to repent of sin and to abandon it, and, (5) divine recompense in this world and the next"<ref>http://www.iep.utm.edu/d/deismeng.htm</ref>. This was a rather odd variant mixing in many Christian virtues without Jesus, and rather foreign to traditional Deism.
==Deism and the Founding Fathers==
While almost all of the Founding Fathers were devout Christians{{fact}}, some it is believed were deists, at least according to some definitions of the term.
==Paine==
Franklin later repudiated many of his earlier views and he believed in a God that "ought to be worshiped," and at the [[Constitutional Convention]] less than three years from his death [[Benjamin Franklin]] advocated public prayer. He praised [[Christianity]], but his letter to Ezra Stiles a month before his death was noncommittal as to the divinity of Jesus: <blockquote>"As to [[Jesus]] of [[Nazareth]], my opinion of whom you particularly desire, I think the system of Morals and His Religion as he left them to us, is the best the world ever saw, or is likely to see.. I have, with most of the present Dissenters in England, some doubt as to his Divinity; tho' it is a question I need not dogmatize upon, having never studied it, and think it needless to busy myself with it now, when I expect Soon an opportunity of knowing the Truth with less trouble. I see no harm in its being believed, if that belief has good consequences, as probably it has, of making his Doctrines more respected and better observed."</blockquote>
==JeffersonGeorge Washington==The leading Founder of the United States, George Washington, has been claimed as a deist during the past forty years, despite written evidence to the contrary, both in Washington's writings as well as the writings of his contemporaries. An Episcopalian, Washington rented church pews in various cities and acted as usher; the pew Washington rented at St. Paul's Chapel in New York City is still preserved<ref>http://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g60763-d105055-i36367014-St_Paul_s_Chapel-New_York_City_New_York.html</ref>. The tenents of his church during the 18th and 19th centuries were such that outward displays of piety and religiosity were avoided<ref>Novak, pg 12</ref>, in keeping with the Christian practice of Matthew 6:5: ''"And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward."'' (King James Version). Anglican manners seek a "middle ground", which for all intents and purposes was a path that would find the least devisiveness, to avoid or give offense, to keep the peace, and yet to keep space open for shared ideas<ref>Novak, pg. 12</ref>. The rules for a "gentleman" stated that a "devout" man kept his devotion restrained in public; Washington himself was described by witnesses and biographers as such a man, one who kept his religion and beliefs private.
Another [[Founding Father]] described as a deist But when Washington did speak of religion and his faith, he strongly indicated which faith he was [[Thomas Jefferson]]talking about. Jefferson personally struggled with In May, 1789, he sent a letter to the divinity General Assembly of Christ and produced an edited version Presbyterian Churches: :''"While I reiterate the professions of my dependence upon Heaven as the Gospelssource of all public and private blessings; I will observe that the general prevalence of piety; philanthropy, later known as honesty, industry, and economy seems, in the [[Jefferson Bible]]ordinary course of human affairs, which contained only particularly necessary for advancing and conforming the moral happiness of our country. While all men within our territories and ethical teachings protected in worshipping the Deity according to the dictates of Jesus their consciences; it is rationally to be expected from them in return, that they will be emulous of evincing the sanctity of their professions by the innocence of their lives and omitted third-person accounts the beneficence of their actions; for no man, who is profligate in his lifemorals, particularly the accounts or a bad member of the miraclescivil community, can possibly be a true Christian, or a credit to his own religious society."''<ref>http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=392</ref>
Ten years from his death Jefferson stated that: <blockquote>"On May 12, 1779, while in the midst of the [[The Jefferson BibleAmerican Revolution]] show that I am a real Christian, that is Washington [[George Washington's Speech to say, the Delaware Chiefs|gave a disciple speech]] to the Delaware Chiefs in which he gave the following advice::''"Brothers: I am glad you have brought three of the doctrines Children of Jesus, very different from your principal Chiefs to be educated with us. I am sure Congress will open the PlatonistsArms of love to them, who call me infideland will look upon them as their own Children, and themselves Christians will have them educated accordingly. This is a great mark of your confidence and preachers of your desire to preserve the gospelfriendship between the Two Nations to the end of time, while they draw all their characteristic dogmas from what its Author never said nor sawand to become One people with your Brethren of the United States."<ref>Jefferson, Letter My ears hear with pleasure the other matters you mention. Congress will be glad to Charles Thomsonhear them too. You do well to wish to learn our arts and ways of life, January 9and above all, 1815</ref></blockquote>the religion of Jesus Christ. These will make you a greater and happier people than you are. Congress will do every thing they can to assist you in this wise intention; and to tie the knot of friendship and union so fast, that nothing shall ever be able to loose it."''
The closer Jefferson approached his death, the more Christian he appeared. He read the Bible daily as the end grew near. His grandson described Jefferson as follows:<ref>Thomas Jefferson Randolph, undated letter to biographer Henry S. Randall, reprinted in Masfield et al., ''The Real Thomas Jefferson'', p. 321.</ref> :He was regular in his attendance [at] church, taking his prayer book with him. He drew the plan of the Episcopal church in Charlottesville, was one of the largest contributors to its erection, and contributed regularly to the support of its minister. I paid, after his death, his subscription of $200 to the erection of the Presbyterian church in the same village. A gentleman of some distinction calling on him and expressing his disbelief in the truths of the Bible, his reply was, 'Then, sir, you have studied it to little purpose.'" ==Washington== * "[[George Washington|Washington]] cannot be called a Deist — at least, not in a sense that excludes his being Christian. Although he did most often address God in the proper names a Deist might use — such as "Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be" and "Disposer of all human events" — the actions that Washington expected God to perform, as expressed both in his official public prayers (whether as general or as president) and in his private prayers as recorded, are the sorts of actions only the God of the Bible performs: interposing his actions in human events, forgiving sins, enlightening minds, bringing good harvests, intervening on behalf of one party in a struggle between good and evil (in this case, between liberty and the deprivation of liberty), etc." [<ref>http://wwwold.nationalreview.com/novak/novak200603140955novak.asp]</ref>
==Modern Deism==
 
Modernly, as noted above, Deism has both declined and fractured, with some of its original ideas being adopted as part of "[[new age]]" movements. Variations of Deism that have developed or been proposed include [[Pandeism]] (enunciated in the 1850s, and merging Deism with [[Pantheism]], the idea that God is equal to the Universe); [[Polydeism]] (merging Deism with [[polytheism]], proposing that multiple Gods created then abandoned the Universe); and [[Panendeism]] (merging Deism with the 1830s idea of [[Panentheism]], that the Universe was part of God, but was also transcended by God). None of these offshoots has garnered a significant following relative to organized religions, although it should be noted that many strains of [[Hinduism]] are in fact Pandeism.
==70 Years of Miracles Account==There Though many claim deism is Christian, today's deism as it stands is squarely anti-Christian; it denies the involvement of God in human affairs, removes Him from a book by Richard H. Harveypersonal relationship with individuals, entitled replaces it with a man-made philosophy considered "70 Years superior", and leaves unanswered the question of Miraclessin." In it Harvey relates his experience in the Book of Revelation, Jesus clearly gives an answer to such a Chemistry class at Allegheny College "half-in Meadville, Pennsylvania in the 1920's.half-out" philosophy: According to Harvey, his professor Dr. Lee was a deist who for many years had spent time with each freshman class lecturing against prayer. After a couple :''And unto the angel of sessions discussing the power church of natural laws the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the lack beginning of evidence that any god interferes with those lawsthe creation of God;'':''I know thy works, Lee would announce that he thou art neither cold nor hot: I would drop a flask to the floor and challenged anyone to pray that the flask would remain wholethou wert cold or hot.'' Harvey :''So then related because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.'':''Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that one yearthou art wretched, a student finally found the courage to stand up and volunteer miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:'':''I counsel thee to pray. Lee dropped buy of me gold tried in the flask fire, that thou mayest be rich; and it rolled off his shoe to white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the floor without damage. The class cheered shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and Lee no longer delivered his annual lectures against prayeranoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see. [http://atheism'' (Revelation, Ch.about.com/library/FAQs/ath/blathm_urb_chalk.htm fair use]3:14-18, KJV)
----==References==<small><references/></small>
*Washington, George. ''Writings'Sources:'; Library of America, New York (1997)*Novak, Michael, and Novak, Jana. ''Washington's God: Religion, Liberty, and the Father of Our Country;''<references/>Basic Books, New York (2006)
==See Also==
Siteadmin, bureaucrat, check user, nsAm_Govt_101RO, nsAm_Govt_101RW, nsAm_Govt_101_ta, nsJudgesRO, nsJudgesRW, nsJudges_talkRO, nsJudges_talkRW, nsTeam2RO, nsTeam2RW, nsTeam2_talkRO, nsTeam2_talkRW, oversight, Administrator
88,630
edits