The word abortion, in connection with pregnancy, can be defined as "Termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo or of a fetus that is incapable of survival." Thus, the word includes miscarriage, but commonly refers to induced abortion; that is, the intentional performance of a procedure which causes the death of a living organism. Most Christian conservatives regard human life as beginning at conception and consider abortion to be the murder of innocent babies while in the womb of their mother.
Abortion is a controversial topic in the United States. Prior to 1973 it was illegal, usually criminal, and considered to be serious medical misconduct. The U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade decision ruled that abortions are permissible, as a woman's choice, up to the point at which the fetus becomes able to survive outside the womb.
The abortion industry is a billion-dollar business in the United States, and both the industry and its allies are among the biggest financial contributors to Democratic Party candidates. One of the largest political contributors to Democratic candidates is Emily's List, which raises money for women candidates who support various aspects of abortion, such as taxpayer funding, and oppose regulations such as parental notification and informed consent.
The overwhelming majority of scientific studies have shown that abortion causes an increase in breast cancer, including 16 out of 17 statistically significant studies. However, like the tobacco industry in the 1950s, the abortion industry has so far kept this important information away from much of the public.
Those who support abortion insist upon terms like "fetus"-- seemingly to minimize the humanity of unborn infants; those against it usually try to stress human element by referring to them as "unborn babies".
The movement in the United States which opposes abortion calls itself the "Pro-Life" movement; the movement which supports it labels itself the "Pro-Choice" movement. However, the movement that supports abortion is not "pro-choice" about funding it, but insist on government and insurance funding for abortion without any ability for objectors to opt out.