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1st Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
In office
June 8, 632 – August 23, 634
Succeeded by Umar ibn Al-Khattab

Born October 27, 573
Mecca, Arabia
(now Saudi Arabia)
Died August 23, 634
Medina, Rashidun Caliphate
(now Medina, Saudi Arabia)

Abu-Bakr (573-634) was the father-in-law and successor of Muhammad. Abu-Bakr was the first Muslim Caliph. The origins of the Sunni and Shia split arose from this leadership succession, as the Shia felt Muhammad's successor should have been his cousin, Imam Ali.[1]


  1. http://www.islamfortoday.com/shia.htm