African National Congress

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The African National Congress (ANC) has been the ruling political party in South Africa since the dismantling of apartheid in 1994. The ANC was founded in 1912, in emulation of the Indian National Congress. In 1961 a paramilitary organisation, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) was founded by the ANC to further its aims by acts of violence. It is allied to the South African Communist Party.