|Allen Granberry Thurman|
|Former U.S. Senator from Ohio|
From: March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1881
|Former U.S. Representative from Ohio's 8th Congressional District|
From: March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1847
|Predecessor||John I. Vanmeter|
|Successor||John L. Taylor|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Dun Tompkins|
Allen Granberry Thurman (November 13, 1813 - December 12, 1895) was an Ohio racist, segregationist, and openly white supremacist Democrat U.S. senator, previously representing the state's 8th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. In 1888, the Democratic Party selected Thurman as its vice-presidential candidate along with Grover Cleveland at the top.
In 1867, the Democratic Party in Ohio chose Thurman as its candidate for governor. Thurman lost to Republican Rutherford B. Hayes by three thousand votes. Thurman ran against Hayes again in the gubernatorial election of 1875. He also lost this election. In 1869, the Ohio legislature appointed Thurman to the United States Senate. He served two terms, failing to receive reappointment in 1881. Thurman helped formulate the Compromise of 1877 ending Reconstruction.
Following his years in the Senate, Thurman established a law practice in Columbus, Ohio. He remained active in political affairs, participating in the Democratic National Conventions of 1876, 1880, and 1884. He refused the Democratic Party's nomination for the Ohio governor's race in 1887. After Cleveland and Thurman defeat in the 1888 presidential election, Thurman retired from active political life, continuing to practice law in Columbus, Ohio until his death.
He was the father of eugenicist Allen W. Thurman, who was the head of the Ohio Board of Administration in the 1910s and advocated for forcibly preventing the disabled and disadvantaged from having children.
Thurman was born in Lynchburg, Virginia. He moved with his family to Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1819. Thurman was educated at the Chillicothe Academy. Upon reaching adulthood he became an attorney and embarked upon a political career. His first job in politics was as Governor Robert Lucas' private secretary. In 1835, Thurman passed the Ohio bar exam and established a law practice in Chillicothe. From 1845 to 1847, he served as one of Ohio's representatives in the United States Congress. During the 1850s, he was a justice on the Ohio Supreme Court.
Views on race
In 2021 following the 2021 Capitol protests where President Trump did not incite violence despite leftists insisting otherwise, the Democrats pushed through an ultra-partisan second impeachment attempt which the Senate took up as Trump left office. The Senate Democrat leader, Chuck Schumer of New York, cited the words of Thurman's impeachment resolution against William Belknap to advocate for the conviction of Trump.
- September 26, 1912. Predicting Ohio's Bankruptcy. The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
- Allen G. Thurman. Ohio History Central.
- Greenfield, Daniel (February 12, 2021) The Democrat Precedent for Impeaching Trump Comes From a Racist Senator Who Wanted to Kill All Black People Frontpage Mag. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Greenfield, Daniel (February 22, 2021). The Racist Origins of President Trump’s Impeachment. Jewish Press. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
- SPEECH OF MR. ALLEN G. THURMAN, OF OHIO, IN RELATION TO THE MEXICAN WAR AND IN REPLY TO MESSRS. GIDDINGS, TILDEN, AND DELANO, DELIVERED IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, U. S., MAY 14, 1846. WASHINGTON: PRINTED BY J. & G. S. GIDEON. 1846.