American History Homework Four Answers - Student Five
1. The presidential election of 1800 became known as the Revolution of 1800. It was a bloodless revolution, the first peaceful change in power between the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party. Vice President Thomas Jefferson, who was a “strict constructionist” Democratic-Republican, defeated President John Adams, a “loose constructionist” Federalist.
2. Yes, I would have approved of the Louisiana Purchase. Although I would consider it important to follow the Constitution as closely as possible, there may have been circumstances where a President or other government official has had to slightly deviate from the Constitution, in order to benefit the country best. Also, the Constitution was new, and was not yet perfected. We have had to add many Amendments in order to strive to perfect it. As the Constitution was so undefined, it was probably necessary to take a few liberties.
- Good, and you explain your position well.
3. The embarrassment of the United States on different occasions was a main cause of the War of 1812. As a young country, the US was weak, and it showed. Impression of American sailors by the British fleets not only angered the Americans, it was also a great embarrassment to them. Also, the invasion of DC and the burning of the Capitol and the White House further upset the Americans’ honor.
- Excellent, but the burning of DC came later and could not be a cause. (Minus 1).
4. I like most Monroe’s conservative handling of the country. He rejected many spending bills, and under his leadership, the economy blossomed, and America became immensely prosperous.
5. Jacksonian Democracy refers to the political movement of President Andrew Jackson and his supporters. This movement valued greater rights for the common man and was opposed to any signs of aristocracy in the nation. Jacksonian democracy was aided by the feeling of equality among the people of the newer settlements in the South and West. It was also aided by the extension of the vote in eastern states to men without property; in the early days of the United States, many places had allowed only male property owners to vote. Jacksonian Democracy favored geographical expansion.
- You explain this very well, and I'll use this as a model answer.
6. The Marshall Court is known for its expansion in federal power. Nearly all important decisions made by his Court contributed to the growth of federal power. One example of this is the Marbuy v. Madison, which established the power of judicial review to declare an Act of Congress unconstitutional. The new power to invalidate a state law as unconstitutional was established in Fletcher v. Peck. These and many other decisions further expanded federal power.
- Excellent. You explain this very well.
7. The cartoon was made in 1813. It refers to the Treaty of Ghent between America and Great Britain, and the Russian effort to mediate. It shows John Bull, the Russian Bear and Columbia. John Bull represents America, the bear represents Russia, and Columbia represents England. The cartoonist, William Charles, seems to think that the Americans shouldn’t have entered into war with England, as the bull says "The Wasps and Hornets have Stung me so hard I wish I had never disturbed their Nests," implying that they shouldn’t have entered into the War of 1812.
- Good, but I doubt that the cartoonist is blaming Americans for entering into war.
H1: Jefferson receives better treatment than he deserves because of the Louisiana Purchase, which was a big benefit to the United States, doubling the size of our country. he is also thought of better because most people on look upon the good things he did, like the Louisiana Purchase and the Declaration of Independence.
- OK and true, but I'm not sure those are the real reasons. I think atheists like Jefferson's occasional hostility to Christianity.
H2: When America was at war with England, the Federalists made plans to withdraw from the war and maybe to even secede from the union, out of friendship with England. Once the Treaty of Ghent was signed the Federalists looked like traitors. This ended the Federalist Party.
H4: The South strongly disliked the tariffs, and the North liked them. The North favored tariffs to reduce competition from foreign goods, helping the northerners. The South opposed tariffs and wanted competition to reduce its costs in producing cotton. The tariffs did not help the south sell more cotton. They actually hurt the South, because they made it more costly for the farmers to buy the equipment and other materials they needed to produce their cotton.
- Terrific answers. Score: 99/100.--Aschlafly 20:12, 9 October 2008 (EDT)