Difference between revisions of "Amish"

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(Their ancestors were German-speaking Swiss who arrived in eastern Pennsylvania in the 1700s, and more came over in the 1800s.)
(The U.S. Supreme Court established an exemption from compulsory attendance at school for the Amish, specifically the Old Order Amish Mennonite Church, in ''Wisconsin v. Yoder'' (May 15, 1972) (7-0 ruling), based on their First Amendment right to f)
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[[File:Amish farm morristown new york.jpg|right|thumb|250px|An Amish farm near Morristown, New York.]]
 
[[File:Amish farm morristown new york.jpg|right|thumb|250px|An Amish farm near Morristown, New York.]]
The '''Amish''' are an [[Anabaptist]] [[Christian]] denomination and part of the [[Mennonite]] sect best known for rejecting many modern conveniences such as [[electricity]] and [[automobiles]]. They dress plainly (a compliment is "You look plain") and live apart from mainstream society and strictly observe the [[Lord's Day]] as a day of rest.  In addition they do not participate in [[Social Security]] (they obtained an exemption due to their religious beliefs) and also generally do not attend school beyond 8th grade but continue to learn by reading throughout their lives.  Their ancestors were [[German]]-speaking [[Swiss]] who arrived in eastern [[Pennsylvania]] in the 1700s, and more came over in the 1800s.
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The '''Amish''' are an [[Anabaptist]] [[Christian]] denomination and part of the [[Mennonite]] sect best known for rejecting many modern conveniences such as [[electricity]] and [[automobiles]]. They dress plainly and live apart from mainstream society and strictly observe the [[Lord's Day]] as a day of rest.  In addition they do not participate in [[Social Security]] (they obtained an exemption due to their religious beliefs) and also generally do not attend school beyond 8th grade.
  
The Amish are the fastest growing religion in the United States, doubling every 20 years.<ref>https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-08-01/why-the-amish-population-is-exploding#:~:text=But%20according%20to%20a%20new,in%201989%20of%20about%20100%2C000.</ref> The Amish population is growing so fast that each year some families move out to acquire more farmland. They are highly successful financially and morally.  By 2050 the Amish are expected to attain 1 million in total population in the [[United States]], and by 2222 the Amish could be the majority in the U.S.<ref>By doubling its population every 20 years, the Amish population would increase by 1024 times in 200 years.</ref>
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The largest Amish communities are in [[Pennsylvania]], where the Amish population exceeded 84,000 as of 2021 and is growing at more than 3% annual rate. Many Amish people speak [[Pennsylvania Dutch]], a dialect of [[German language|German]].
  
The hit movie [[Witness (film)|"Witness" (1985)]] is a highly accurate, respectful portrayal of the Amish that was filmed on location in the [[Philadelphia]] area.
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The group was founded by Jakob Ammann in the 1690s and began to settle in [[Ohio]], Pennsylvania, and [[Indiana]] beginning in the 18th century.<ref>The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989</ref>
  
There are different sects of Amish, such as the "Old Order Amish" and the "New Order Amish."  In some ways the New Order is more conservative than the Old Order, as the New Order completely bans [[alcohol]] and smoking.
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Many Amish have large families and in 2012 the Amish were named the fastest growing faith group in the United States. The Amish population is projected to grow to 1 million people by 2050.<ref>[https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Society/2012/1130/For-Amish-fastest-growing-faith-group-in-US-life-is-changing  For Amish, fastest-growing faith group in US, life is changing]</ref>
  
The largest Amish communities are in [[Pennsylvania]]. Statewide, Ohio and Indiana also have high Amish populations.<ref>https://www.incontext.indiana.edu/2012/nov-dec/article2.asp</ref>  Many Amish people speak [[Pennsylvania Dutch]], a dialect of [[German language|German]].
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No cases of the [[coronavirus]] were reported in 2020 during the [[CCP global pandemic]].
  
The group was founded by Jakob Ammann in the 1690s and began to settle in [[Ohio]], Pennsylvania, and [[Indiana]] beginning in the 18th century.<ref>The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989</ref>  "The Scribbler counted the number of directory pages devoted to each Amish surname. Stoltzfus came in first, by far, followed by King, Fisher, Beiler, Esh and Lapp."<ref>https://lancasteronline.com/news/local/there-are-4-books-every-old-order-amish-family-keeps-in-its-home-collection-the/article_5a448cc2-9a8d-11e8-a2ea-1fc6bc69d5d9.htm</ref>  Yoder is a common Amish surname in West Virginia.
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== Exempt from Social Security ==
  
Many Amish have large families and in 2012 the Amish were named the fastest growing faith group in the United States. The Amish population is projected to grow to 1 million people by 2050.<ref>[https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Society/2012/1130/For-Amish-fastest-growing-faith-group-in-US-life-is-changing  For Amish, fastest-growing faith group in US, life is changing]</ref>
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The Amish asserted a religious exemption to any participation in [[Social Security]], which was upheld only for the Amish in the famous [[U.S. Supreme Court]] decision of ,  
  
No cases of the [[coronavirus]] were reported in 2020 during the [[CCP global pandemic]].
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== Exempt from Public School ==
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The [[U.S. Supreme Court]] established an exemption from compulsory attendance at school for the Amish, specifically the Old Order Amish Mennonite Church, in ''Wisconsin v. Yoder'' (May 15, 1972) (7-0 ruling), based on their [[First Amendment]] right to free exercise of religion.
  
 
== Low rate of autism among the Amish ==
 
== Low rate of autism among the Amish ==
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''See also:'' [[Atheism and autism]]
 
''See also:'' [[Atheism and autism]]
  
The American Amish have low [[autism]] rates which may be due to their low vaccination rates.  They also tend to have a healthy and simple lifestyle.<ref>
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The American Amish have low [[autism]] rates which may be due to their healthy and simple lifestyle, their genetic makeup or both.<ref>
 
*[https://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/12/04/4-healthy-habits-to-steal-from-amish.html 4 healthy habits to steal from the Amish], Fox News Health, December 04, 2014
 
*[https://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/12/04/4-healthy-habits-to-steal-from-amish.html 4 healthy habits to steal from the Amish], Fox News Health, December 04, 2014
 
*"[http://www.internalmedicine.osu.edu/genetics/article.cfm?id=5307 Amish Have Lower Rates of Cancer, Ohio State Study Shows]". Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Medical Center. January 1, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
 
*"[http://www.internalmedicine.osu.edu/genetics/article.cfm?id=5307 Amish Have Lower Rates of Cancer, Ohio State Study Shows]". Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Medical Center. January 1, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
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*[https://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/12/04/4-healthy-habits-to-steal-from-amish.html 4 healthy habits to steal from the Amish], Fox News Health, December 04, 2014</ref>   
 
*[https://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/12/04/4-healthy-habits-to-steal-from-amish.html 4 healthy habits to steal from the Amish], Fox News Health, December 04, 2014</ref>   
  
David N. Brown indicated: "In March 2006, Drs. Kevin Strauss, Holmes Morton and others documented 9 autistic Amish children, which could raise the autism rate of the Lancaster Amish community Olmsted supposedly investigated to almost 1/5,000 which is still a fraction of the US average of 1/68."<ref>Puffenberger, EG; Jinks, RN; Wang, H; Xin, B; Fiorentini, C; Sherman, EA; Degrazio, D; Shaw, C; Sougnez, C; Cibulskis, K; Gabriel, S; Kelley, RI; Morton, DH; Strauss, KA (Dec 2012). "A homozygous missense mutation in HERC2 associated with global developmental delay and autism spectrum disorder". Human Mutation 33 (12): 1639–1646</ref><ref>Jackman, C; Horn, ND; Molleston, JP; Sokol, DK (Apr 2009). "Gene associated with seizures, autism, and hepatomegaly in an Amish girl". Pediatric Neurology 40 (4): 310–313.</ref><ref>Alarcón, Maricela; Abrahams, Brett S.; Stone, Jennifer L.; Duvall, Jacqueline A.; Perederiy, Julia V.; Bomar, Jamee M.; Sebat, Jonathan; Wigler, Michael; Martin, Christa L.; Ledbetter, David H.; Nelson, Stanley F.; Cantor, Rita M.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (10 January 2008). "Linkage, Association, and Gene-Expression Analyses Identify CNTNAP2 as an Autism-Susceptibility Gene". American Journal of Human Genetics 82 (1): 150–159</ref>]
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David N. Brown indicated: "In March 2006, Drs. Kevin Strauss, Holmes Morton and others documented 9 autistic Amish children, which could raise the autism rate of the Lancaster Amish community Olmsted supposedly investigated to almost 1/5,000 which is still a fraction of the US average of 1/68."<ref>Puffenberger, EG; Jinks, RN; Wang, H; Xin, B; Fiorentini, C; Sherman, EA; Degrazio, D; Shaw, C; Sougnez, C; Cibulskis, K; Gabriel, S; Kelley, RI; Morton, DH; Strauss, KA (Dec 2012). "A homozygous missense mutation in HERC2 associated with global developmental delay and autism spectrum disorder". Human Mutation 33 (12): 1639–1646</ref><ref>Jackman, C; Horn, ND; Molleston, JP; Sokol, DK (Apr 2009). "Gene associated with seizures, autism, and hepatomegaly in an Amish girl". Pediatric Neurology 40 (4): 310–313.</ref><ref>Alarcón, Maricela; Abrahams, Brett S.; Stone, Jennifer L.; Duvall, Jacqueline A.; Perederiy, Julia V.; Bomar, Jamee M.; Sebat, Jonathan; Wigler, Michael; Martin, Christa L.; Ledbetter, David H.; Nelson, Stanley F.; Cantor, Rita M.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (10 January 2008). "Linkage, Association, and Gene-Expression Analyses Identify CNTNAP2 as an Autism-Susceptibility Gene". American Journal of Human Genetics 82 (1): 150–159</ref>
 
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== Politics ==
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[[Conservative]] themselves, Amish tend to support conservative candidates, and overwhelmingly supported [[Donald Trump]] in 2016.<ref name="Vote">https://www.nationalobserver.com/2016/08/07/news/how-amish-see-donald-trump-otherworldly-candidate-theyve-never-heard-speak</ref> But only about 5% of Amish actually vote in elections.<ref name="Vote"/>
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== Conversion to Amish ==
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Through a process known as conversion and commitment, anyone can become Amish.<ref>https://lancasterpa.com/amish/amish-frequently-asked-questions/</ref>  But there is no evangelical movement by Amish to initiate that, so it is rare.
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== Travel ==
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Contrary to secular perception, Amish are allowed to travel by train, and be passengers in cars.  But they are not allowed to travel by air or drive cars, which are viewed as non-essential luxuries.<ref>https://amishamerica.com/how-do-amish-travel/</ref>
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==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 08:06, July 2, 2022

An Amish farm near Morristown, New York.

The Amish are an Anabaptist Christian denomination and part of the Mennonite sect best known for rejecting many modern conveniences such as electricity and automobiles. They dress plainly and live apart from mainstream society and strictly observe the Lord's Day as a day of rest. In addition they do not participate in Social Security (they obtained an exemption due to their religious beliefs) and also generally do not attend school beyond 8th grade.

The largest Amish communities are in Pennsylvania, where the Amish population exceeded 84,000 as of 2021 and is growing at more than 3% annual rate. Many Amish people speak Pennsylvania Dutch, a dialect of German.

The group was founded by Jakob Ammann in the 1690s and began to settle in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Indiana beginning in the 18th century.[1]

Many Amish have large families and in 2012 the Amish were named the fastest growing faith group in the United States. The Amish population is projected to grow to 1 million people by 2050.[2]

No cases of the coronavirus were reported in 2020 during the CCP global pandemic.

Exempt from Social Security

The Amish asserted a religious exemption to any participation in Social Security, which was upheld only for the Amish in the famous U.S. Supreme Court decision of ,

Exempt from Public School

The U.S. Supreme Court established an exemption from compulsory attendance at school for the Amish, specifically the Old Order Amish Mennonite Church, in Wisconsin v. Yoder (May 15, 1972) (7-0 ruling), based on their First Amendment right to free exercise of religion.

Low rate of autism among the Amish

See also: Atheism and autism

The American Amish have low autism rates which may be due to their healthy and simple lifestyle, their genetic makeup or both.[3] Due to their high levels of physical activity, the Amish have low rates of obesity.[4]

David N. Brown indicated: "In March 2006, Drs. Kevin Strauss, Holmes Morton and others documented 9 autistic Amish children, which could raise the autism rate of the Lancaster Amish community Olmsted supposedly investigated to almost 1/5,000 which is still a fraction of the US average of 1/68."[5][6][7]

References

  1. The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989
  2. For Amish, fastest-growing faith group in US, life is changing
    • 4 healthy habits to steal from the Amish, Fox News Health, December 04, 2014
    • "Amish Have Lower Rates of Cancer, Ohio State Study Shows". Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Medical Center. January 1, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
    • Puffenberger, EG; Jinks, RN; Wang, H; Xin, B; Fiorentini, C; Sherman, EA; Degrazio, D; Shaw, C; Sougnez, C; Cibulskis, K; Gabriel, S; Kelley, RI; Morton, DH; Strauss, KA (Dec 2012). "A homozygous missense mutation in HERC2 associated with global developmental delay and autism spectrum disorder". Human Mutation 33 (12): 1639–1646
    • Jackman, C; Horn, ND; Molleston, JP; Sokol, DK (Apr 2009). "Gene associated with seizures, autism, and hepatomegaly in an Amish girl". Pediatric Neurology 40 (4): 310–313.
    • Alarcón, Maricela; Abrahams, Brett S.; Stone, Jennifer L.; Duvall, Jacqueline A.; Perederiy, Julia V.; Bomar, Jamee M.; Sebat, Jonathan; Wigler, Michael; Martin, Christa L.; Ledbetter, David H.; Nelson, Stanley F.; Cantor, Rita M.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (10 January 2008). "Linkage, Association, and Gene-Expression Analyses Identify CNTNAP2 as an Autism-Susceptibility Gene". American Journal of Human Genetics 82 (1): 150–159
  3. Puffenberger, EG; Jinks, RN; Wang, H; Xin, B; Fiorentini, C; Sherman, EA; Degrazio, D; Shaw, C; Sougnez, C; Cibulskis, K; Gabriel, S; Kelley, RI; Morton, DH; Strauss, KA (Dec 2012). "A homozygous missense mutation in HERC2 associated with global developmental delay and autism spectrum disorder". Human Mutation 33 (12): 1639–1646
  4. Jackman, C; Horn, ND; Molleston, JP; Sokol, DK (Apr 2009). "Gene associated with seizures, autism, and hepatomegaly in an Amish girl". Pediatric Neurology 40 (4): 310–313.
  5. Alarcón, Maricela; Abrahams, Brett S.; Stone, Jennifer L.; Duvall, Jacqueline A.; Perederiy, Julia V.; Bomar, Jamee M.; Sebat, Jonathan; Wigler, Michael; Martin, Christa L.; Ledbetter, David H.; Nelson, Stanley F.; Cantor, Rita M.; Geschwind, Daniel H. (10 January 2008). "Linkage, Association, and Gene-Expression Analyses Identify CNTNAP2 as an Autism-Susceptibility Gene". American Journal of Human Genetics 82 (1): 150–159

See also