The Balkans are the countries occupying the Balkan Peninsula. They are: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, & Turkey in Europe. The region derives its name from the Balkan mountain range in Bulgaria. Note that on the map, most of Turkey as well as the faraway Greek islands are excluded. This is because "Balkan" is a geographic term, rather than a political one.