Bangladesh (officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh) is a country in South Asia which is bordered by India and to a lesser extent Myanmar. It is a heavily Muslim country with a substantial Hindu minority. It was called Eastern Pakistan, being the easternmost region of Pakistan before the Bangladeshi War of Independence in 1971, an armed conflict which lasted for 9 months and resulted in the creation of the nation of Bangladesh and resulted in it being severed from Pakistan.
The war with Pakistan started due to a variety of factors but chiefly because of the suppression of the ethno-linguistic identity in East Bengal. The Pakistani army used force to suppress the rebellion. The war ended with Indian intervention and the new nation of Bangladesh was formed on 1971.
The national language of Bangladesh is Bangla or Bengali. It is the third largest Muslim nation.
In 1974, it suffered a great famine.