Battle of Manassas Gap

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Battle of Manassas Gap
Wapping Heights

July 23, 1863


Same day


Warren County, Virginia


Eastern Theater


Gettysburg Campaign



33 star flag.png
Conf Navy Jack.png

III Corps, Army of the Potomac

Anderson's Division


William H. French
Major General, USA

Richard Anderson
Major General, CSA


440 total (US and CS)

440 total (US and CS)


After recrossing the Potomac River at Williamsport, Lee’s army withdrew up the Shenandoah Valley. Meade crossed the Potomac River east of the Blue Ridge and followed Lee into Virginia. On July 23, Meade ordered the III Corps, under Maj. Gen. William. H. French to cut off the retreating Confederate columns at Front Royal by forcing passage through Manassas Gap. At first light, French began slowly pushing Walker’s Confederate brigade (Anderson’s division) back into the gap. About 4:30 pm, a strong Union attack drove Walker’s men until they were reinforced by Rodes’s division and artillery. By dusk, the poorly coordinated Union attacks were abandoned. During the night, Confederate forces withdrew into the Luray Valley. On July 24, the Union army occupied Front Royal, but Lee’s army was safely beyond pursuit. (NPS summary)