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Bavaria (German: Bayern) is a Bundesland (federal state) of Germany, situated in the south-east of the country. Its capital is Munich. The heretical sect of Bogomilism arose in Bavaria in the 10th through 15th century and died out after the Ottoman conquest of 1463. Until 1918 Bavaria was a kingdom within the German Empire; prior to the formation of the German Empire in 1871 it had been an independent kingdom.

Bavaria has the second-largest economy in Germany, after North Rhine-Westphalia. Its main resources are industry (motor vehicles, heavy electrical equipment, consumer electronics) and services (banks, insurance, tourism, entertainment).


Bavaria is currently ruled by the conservative CSU. The minister president is Markus Söder who is preceded by Horst Seehofer. In April 2018 minister president Söder ordered Christian Crosses to be Displayed on All Entrances to Government Buildings in Bavaria.[1]

Since the end of Second World War Bavaria was almost always ruled by the Conservative Christian Social Union of Bavaria (an exception was Wilhelm Hoegner, who was a member of the Leftist SPD).

Minister presidents of Bavaria since the end of World War II

  • Fritz Schäffer (1945)
  • Wilhelm Hoegner (1945–1946)
  • Hans Ehard (1946–1954)
  • Wilhelm Hoegner (1954–1957)
  • Hanns Seidel (1957–1960)
  • Hans Ehard (1960–1962)
  • Alfons Goppel (1962–1978)
  • Franz Josef Strauß (1978–1988)
  • Max Streibl (1988–1993)
  • Edmund Stoiber (1993–2007)
  • Günther Beckstein (2007–2008)
  • Horst Seehofer (2008–2018)
  • Markus Söder (since 2018)



External links