Brown hawk-owl

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Brown Hawk-owl
Brown boobook.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Aves
Sub-class Neornithes
Infra-class Neoaves
Order Information
Order Strigiformes
Family Information
Families Strigidae
Sub-family Striginae
Genus Information
Genus Ninox
Species Information
Species N. scutulata
Population statistics
Conservation status Least concern[1]

The Brown hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata), also known as the brown boobook or oriental boobook, is a medium-sized owl found in much of southern Asia and Indonesia.


Brown hawk-owls are about 13 inches in length, with a wingspan of up to 19 inches. The upper plumage is a dark brown, with ochre-colored bands streaking the primaries and secondaries of the wings. The underside is whitish in color, bearing brown streaking throughout. The legs are feathered to the toes.

It is called a "hawk-owl" due to similarities in shape and appearance to hawks; like other members of the genus Ninox it lacks a facial disk, yet still retains the distinctive owl-like eyes, which are yellow in color.


Brown hawk-owls subsist on large insects such as beetles and grasshoppers, but will also take frogs, lizards, small birds and rodents, and occasionally small bats.


Researchers have recognized eleven subspecies:

  • N. s. borneensis
Borneo, northern Natuna Islands.
  • N. s. burmanica
East Assam to southern China, northern Malaysia, Thailand and Indochina.
  • N. s. hirsuta
South India, Sri Lanka.
  • N. s. japonica
Eastern China, central and southern Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
  • N. s. javanensis
Indonesia (western Java Island)
  • N. s. lugubris
North and central India to west Assam.
  • N. s. obscura
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • N. s. palawanensis
Philippines (Palawan island )
  • N. s. randi
Philippines (Luzon, Marinduque, Mindoro, Negros, Basilan, Cebu, Siquijor, Mindanao islands).
  • N. s. scutulata
South Malay Peninsula, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra and Bangka.
  • N. s. ussuriensis
Southeastern Siberia, southeastern Manchuria, North Korea. A specimen of this subspecies was found dead on the Alaskan island of Kiska in 2008,[2] indicating the possibility of spreading to the North American continent.