|Founding Documents||United States Constitution|
Caleb Strong was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, representing the state of Massachusetts.
Caleb Strong was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, on January 9, 1745. He graduated at Harvard in 1764. He was descended from John Strong, who came from Taunton, England, in 1630, and settled in Northampton.
Mr Strong married Sarah Hooker, who was the daughter of Rev. John Hooker, in 1777. They lived together for forty years, when she passed in 1817. They had nine children, but only four lived to survive their father.
He was admitted to the Hampshire bar in 1772, and settled in his native town. He was County Attorney from 1776 to 1800, a member of the State Constitutional Convention of 1779 for drafting the Massachusetts State Constitution, and State Senator from 1780 to 1789.
He was a member of the Philadelphia Convention to frame a national constitution, along with fellow delegates Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham, and Rufus King.
He was a United States Senator from 1789 to 1796, and Governor of Massachusetts from 1800 to 1807 and from 1812 to 1816. He died in Northampton, November 7, 1819.
- Mr. Strong thought with Mr. Gerry that the power of making ought to be kept distinct from that of expounding, the laws. No maxim was better established. The Judges in exercising the function of expositors might be influenced by the part they had taken, in passing the laws.